Did you know that amniotic fluid is very important during pregnancy. Although it is very useful, the volume of amniotic fluid should not exceed or less because it will affect your baby’s development, it can even be a threat to your fetus who is deficient in amniotic fluid.
To find out the sufficient volume of amniotic fluid, you must always carry out routine checks. By consulting a doctor, you may suspect Oligohydramnios with signs of a uterine size that is too small and an abnormal size, then lack of fetal movement.
The doctor will carry out further examinations if the pregnant woman has a history of delayed fetal development or the pregnant woman has a medical history such as preeclampsia, high blood pressure and diabetes. The USG examination aid will be able to measure the amniotic fluid sac. A normal size in the third trimester is between 5 and 25 centimeters. Meanwhile, if the size is less than 5 cm, the amniotic fluid index is considered low.
Under normal circumstances, the amount of amniotic fluid will increase until the third trimester. While on gestational age experiencing a peak that is between 34-36 weeks of gestation. Pregnant women can be categorized as deficient in amniotic fluid or known as Oligohydramnios when the amount of amniotic fluid is small and it is usually detected early in pregnancy.
Recognize the causes of oligohydramnios in pregnancy, one of which is:
1. The membrane is leaking or breaking
There is a small tear in the membrane of the amniotic fluid sac so that it leaks and can increase infection in the mother and fetus. Although it can heal on its own, the leakage will stop and will return to normal. Meanwhile, for further examination, amniocentesis can be performed.
2. Fetal abnormalities
The reduced amniotic fluid can also be affected by an underdeveloped fetus so that the kidneys do not develop properly until the urinary tract closes and the fetus does not produce enough urine.
3. Abnormalities of the placenta
Placental problems such as partial absorption will make the skin peel off the uterine wall, which can lead to low levels of amniotic fluid. So that the blood and nutrients will stop distributing to the baby.
4. Are pregnant with twins
There is a risk of having low levels of amniotic fluid for women who are pregnant with twins. Oligohydramnios will result in the syndrome of amniotic fluid transfusion between fetuses so that the possibility of fluid decreases.
5. Certain medical conditions
The other causes are due to certain medical conditions that cause the amniotic fluid to be low in amounts and include chronic blood pressure and even experience other health problems such as diabetes, preeclampsia and lupus.