1. Heart Failure
The inability to pump blood to meet the needs of the body is the main reason for heart failure associated with pregnancy planning that is more difficult than normal conditions. Women who have heart failure will experience it fatigue condition who are more vulnerable than normal conditions, so it is better for you to maintain your health during pregnancy by paying attention to food intake, especially foods containing iron to prevent anemia and also limit the occurrence of excess weight gain due to unhealthy foods. Those of you who have problems with heart health conditions such as heart failure need special attention final trimester before delivery. Heart disease will affect the health of the fetus. Heart failure that occurs during pregnancy will cause the fetus to be born prematurely or the fetus dies in the womb during a heart attack. When childbirth occurs and the condition of the body has an increase in the amount of blood from the uterus, it will cause the work of the heart to increase and the heart can pump 20% more blood than usual. Help for patients with severe heart failure will be given epidural anesthesia which can numb the spinal cord while the labor is in progress. When the process of pushing takes place, it will cause oxygen disruption through the lungs, causing oxygen to the fetus to decrease. There is also a doctor’s advice to get a delivery using a caesarean section or forceps.
2. Rheumatic Heart Disease
The condition that is found due to rheumatic fever that results from complications can cause rheumatic heart, where the heart valve will experience narrowing, especially the mitral valve. This disorder will result in narrowing of the heart valve that gets worse during pregnancy. The narrowing that occurs can result in an increase in heart rate where the blood volume will experience a workload so that it affects the fluid that can flow back into the lungs and cause pulmonary edema. In women who suffer from rheumatic heart disease before planning a pregnancy it is better if surgery to repair the mitral valve is necessary. preterm labor. Sufferers must also take extra precautions and health care, one of which is by limiting physical activity so as not to experience excessive fatigue and also make you anxious. When the valve is damaged, it further increases the risk of infection due to antibiotic precautions at the time of delivery, as well as after delivery which increases the risk of infection such as tooth extraction or your water breaks while pregnant.
3. Congenital Heart Disorders
If you are planning a pregnancy and have a congenital heart defect, you should be aware, especially the complications during pregnancy, which will increase twofold. This abnormality will affect the position of the heart and lungs which increases the likelihood that the sufferer will collapse and die after childbirth. This cause is due to death that cannot be detected and the risk of pregnancy complications while some suggest delaying pregnancy to prevent abnormalities from occurring.