Definition of Burns
Burns are a condition when the human body is damaged. Burns damage caused by chemicals, heat, sunlight, and radiation. This condition is a relatively minor medical problem, and can even threaten the life of the sufferer. The hallmark of this condition causes the affected skin cells to die.
Common causes of this condition are hot liquids, fire, or flammable liquids. The skin will become swollen, blistered, open sores, and in some cases it can result in shock and death. This damaged layer of skin will be at risk of infection. Treatment of burns depends on the cause, severity, and extent of the damage.
One of the drugs commonly used to prevent and treat infections includes antibiotic ointments. In conditions that are more severe, the damaged skin will be subject to surgery.
How common are these burns?
Anyone and any age can experience this incident. Women will be more prone to experiencing this condition than men. Because women often do household activities, especially cooking. This condition can affect children. This is because children tend to be careless and have curiosity about a flammable object.
Degree of burns
We must know the layers contained in human skin. This is very important in order to know what the degrees of burns are. The skin has an important role in regulating temperature and fluids in the body. The skin is also able to have a function as a protector from viruses and bacteria.
If the condition of the injured skin is deep and severe, the skin function will also experience problems. There are three layers in human skin. Here’s the explanation.
Epidermis is the outermost layer of skin. This part of the skin contains melanocytes, these cells that produce skin melanin or skin pigment.
This layer consists of collagen and elastic tissue. Lymph vessels, blood vessels, hair follicles and sweat glands are located in the dermis layer.
The hypodermis is the deepest layer of the skin. Where is where the blood vessels and nerves are located. This layer has an important role in regulating human body temperature.
Well, the conditions described can be divided into four degrees or levels. This division is carried out depending on the severity and depth of the damaged skin. Here are the degrees.
Lesions that occur in the first degree only affect the outer layer of skin or the epidermis. The most common occurrence is sunburn. First-degree wounds are usually able to heal faster, and will not leave long-term skin damage.
In the second degree, the wound is divided into superficial and deep wounds. Superficial wounds are characterized by bright red, swollen, blistered, and shiny wet skin. If touched, the wound will hurt. at this degree the epidermis as well as the minimal dermis.
Meanwhile, deep wounds are dry, pale and even white when pressed. In the second degree, affecting the entire epidermis and part of the dermis. In some more severe cases, these sores will leave scars and permanent discoloration of the skin.
This degree of injury is capable of completely destroying the epidermis and dermis layers. The appearance of the wound will no longer be red, it will appear black, brown, yellow and even white. Wounds at third degree will no longer be painful to touch. This is because the wound has damaged the nerves in the damaged part of the skin.
This degree is the deepest degree and is said to be severe. This condition will be very life-threatening. At this degree, the entire layer of skin has been damaged and reaches the bones and muscles.
What are the signs and symptoms?
Some people may have seen and even had burns before. Burns caused, for example, by cooking or repairing motorbikes. This comes back again depending on the level of the injury, and the symptoms that arise will be different. Generally, signs that occur include:
- Redness of the skin
- The wound area feels sore
- Swelling of the skin
- Peel off
- Blistered skin
- Skin color that changes to brown, white, yellow and even black.
The signs and symptoms that appear in different people may be different. If the symptoms are more severe and the pain is unbearable, see a doctor immediately for treatment.
Also Read: How to treat wounds in children
What causes burns?
The causes of damage to this skin layer are very diverse, such as heat, radiation, chemicals and many more. The most common cause is direct contact with fire media. Or in other words, during a fire. The following causes of burns:
If there is skin friction with a rough and hard object, the burn that is experienced is friction burn. These sores can arise from heat and scratches. These injuries can generally occur in people who have an accident on a motorbike.
Direct contact with hot objects
Skin that is in direct contact with hot objects such as liquids, fire can cause injury. The air and smoke that are too hot can cause skin sores to appear.
The wounds that occur are caused by prolonged exposure to radiation or ultraviolet rays from the sun. Sun rays and X-rays are the main culprits.
Chemicals such as liquids, strong acids, detergents, alkalis or solvents can cause injury when they come in direct contact with the skin.
If you touch an electric current and get electrocuted, the skin layers will be damaged and injured.
Risk factors for burns
There are several factors that can increase the risk of developing this condition. In some cases, people who have this condition do not have any risk factors. However, the risk factors that c
an trigger this condition include:
Children under four years of age, should have special attention. This is because children are at high risk of suffering from burns. The curiosity of children is very high. This is to touch any flammable objects.
Women will be more prone to burns. This is because women often do activities in the kitchen, such as cooking. Cooking activities do not rule out direct contact with the fire medium.
Cigarettes can increase the risk of burns. Especially if smoking in flammable places.
Exposure to heat sources or power lines
If the body is close to a source that produces heat, such as an electric cable, it can increase the risk of injury to the body.
Using the stove or putting on the gas
If you often do activities in the kitchen, such as cooking on the stove, installing gas will be at risk of getting bigger injuries. The conditions experienced will be fatal and very life-threatening.
Wounds that have a mild degree can be treated only at home. The condition is able to heal within a few weeks. However, in more serious cases, the doctor will perform further treatment and action. The following treatments can be done at home.
- Avoid rubbing oil or butter on the wound area
- Avoid compressing with ice cubes or cold water directly on the wound area
- If the skin is blistered, do not touch and apply pressure. This can cause the skin to become even more damaged.
- If the injury occurs due to electricity, you should immediately go to the doctor for further treatment.
- Wounds caused by chemicals can be treated with cold water.
- Dress the wound using sterile gauze.
Hope it is useful!!