Despite the distraction child health such as coughing is not dangerous, but it must still be watched out and also treated. Did you know that coughs in children have many kinds and different medicines? In this article, we will discuss various types of coughs in children and cough prevention solutions in children.
Coughing is not a disease, coughing is a defense made by the body to maintain the respiratory tract. Coughing can also be said to be the body’s reaction when it comes to throat irritation to food, dust, smoke and mucus. Cough in children can be divided into two, namely acute cough and chronic cough. Acute cough is a cough that lasts from 14 days. Meanwhile, chronic cough is a cough that lasts more than 14 days and occurs in 3 episodes, namely 3 consecutive months.
Coughing in Children
Cough is a health complaint that is often experienced by children. Cough associated with respiratory infections. Respiratory infections include upper respiratory infections, namely the occurrence of a cold known as runny nose, acute nasopharyngitis or acute pharyngoronitis as well as common colds. Meanwhile, lower respiratory infections include bronchitis, bronchiolitis and pneumonia.
Although coughing will not be dangerous and is only a reflex for the body to clear the airway, if the cough in a child is accompanied by fever which is high until the body temperature reaches 39 degrees Celsius and lasts for three days, there is sluggishness and rapid breathing, the child’s body condition, namely on the face, lips and tongue, is bluish accompanied by bleeding, action must be taken immediately.
Types of coughs in children
1. Cough “Barking”
Cough caused by croup is inflammation of the trachea and larings caused by allergies, respiratory infections or changes in temperature that occur at night. In children the airway will narrow so that it becomes inflamed, the vocal cords will experience swelling and will have difficulty breathing. This is what causes children under 3 years of age to suffer from croup even though most cases can be handled at home, but consult a doctor if it is often experienced by children.
2. Whooping Cough
Whooping cough is characterized by a tendency to vomit after the coughing sound ends. There is a “whoop” sound after the cough ends, which is when the child takes a deep breath after experiencing a persistent cough. This type of cough is caused by the pertussis bacteria. This type of cough is transmitted through infected fluids, when the sufferer laughs, coughs and sneezes. If the child makes a whoop sound after coughing continuously, it is likely a symptom of whooping cough, especially if the child has not been vaccinated. Babies who suffer from pertussis must get medical help immediately because it will cause a lack of oxygen.
3. Coughing Wheezing
This type is characterized by a wheezing sound when the child exhales. A wheezing cough can be a sign of a blockage in the lower airway caused by a respiratory infection such as pneumonia or bronchiolitis, asthma or also stuck in the airway. This kind of condition must be treated by a doctor so that you have a medicine that can relieve a child’s disorder unless you have prepared a special medicine according to a doctor’s prescription who can handle it at home.
4. Cough suddenly
Coughing up has many causes, one of which is choking on food or drink that goes on the wrong track. Food or drink that should enter the digestive tract but instead enter the respiratory tract, causing choking. By coughing it will clear the blocked airway. Cough suddenly occurs only briefly, however, in some cases, children often experience a sudden cough that is difficult to subside, so first aid is needed. Do not clear the throat with your fingers as this will further clog.
5. Cough at night
Often children have coughs only at night. A condition in which when lying in bed, the blockage that occurs in the nose will drain into the throat and cause irritation. Although this condition will not harm the child. Coughing at night must be known, the cause is feared due to asthma in children.
6. Cough during the day
Coughs that only occur during the day are caused by asthma, colds, flu, asthma or respiratory infections. Even environmental conditions can cause coughing during the day such as being too cold or pets that can cause a child to cough.
7. Cough accompanied by a cold
The condition of a cold child is often accompanied by a cough. The cough is a cough with phlegm or a dry cough. Generally lasts for 1 week after the cold subsides.
8. Cough with vomiting
Coughs in severe children often stimulate the gag reflex. Although this condition is not dangerous. This condition is common in children who have a cough, as long as the child vomits mucus instead of vomiting blood.
Stridor condition is the sound of breath that is harsh and noisy. If you hear a stridor you can immediately take the child to the doctor. Stridor is swelling of the airway which occurs due to croup (virus). It can even occur due to severe airway blockage or known as epiglottitis.
Solutions and Prevention of Cough in Children
Over time the cough can be divided into acute cough and chronic cough. To help relieve cough in children are in the following ways:
- A child who has a persistent cough for an hour should be aware of bronchitis.
- Avoid foods or drinks that can stimulate coughing.
- When the child is coughing, provide food or drink in small portions so as not to stimulate vomiting.
- You can use eucalyptus or telon oil on the child’s chest to provide warmth.
Meanwhile, to prevent coughing in children is in the following ways:
- If you are coughing, use a mask so that it is not easily transmitted to your child.
- Covering mouth when coughing.
- Provide nutritious food that can maintain your child’s immune system.
- Prevent some coughs with immunization. Cough that can be prevented by immunization, namely DPT immunization and BCG immunization.
Thus, children who often experience cough must know the cause, it is feared that it will become a symptom asthma or bronchitis. Basically, cough is a mild health problem that you don’t need to worry about, however, it must be given medication to make the child’s condition comfortable. Cough medicine given to children must be adapted to the child’s cough type.