Congratulations, bund, now ages pregnancy You have entered the 3rd trimester. Soon you will meet your beloved baby. In addition, mothers must be more vigilant when entering the 3rd trimester of pregnancy. Because this period is the most vulnerable. At this age, pregnancy is prone to experiencing various problems in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy.
3 Trimester Pregnancy Problems that Are Susceptible to Pregnant Women
There are several conditions that you should be aware of during the 3rd trimester of pregnancy. Here are the problems of pregnancy in the 3rd trimester that pregnant women are prone to experiencing.
Preeclampsia is a condition in which the mother’s blood pressure is more than normal. This situation is also characterized by the presence of protein in the mother’s urine. Pregnant women who experience preeclampsia suddenly experience excess weight gain, headaches that don’t go away, bruise easily, have blurry vision, and experience swelling in several parts of the body besides the legs. For the treatment of this condition will usually be in accordance with the condition of the mother. Although this situation occurs during pregnancy, it can also continue until you give birth later, so it is important to always be aware of this situation.
Patients with preeclampsia, if not treated properly, will be at risk of experiencing seizure problems during pregnancy or eclampsia, kidney failure, and death in mothers and babies. In addition, you will be prone to experiencing preeclampsia again the next time you get pregnant. Therefore, if you have preeclampsia it is important to consult your doctor if you are planning your next pregnancy. (See also: Effects of Preeclampsia on Mother and Fetus )
Gestational diabetes is a condition in which hormones undergo changes that will prevent insulin from working properly. If insulin is not able to do its job properly, blood sugar levels in the body will be high above normal limits. This condition will usually appear for the first time in the 20th week or in the 2nd trimester of pregnancy and will continue to develop until the 3rd trimester of gestation. Usually this condition will disappear after delivery. However, you still have to consult a doctor if you experience this one problem. Gestational diabetes can increase the risk of giving birth by caesarean section, as well as birth injuries. Therefore, when you enter the 3rd trimester of pregnancy or between the 24th week of gestation to the 28th week of gestation, it is better if you test for gestational diabetes.
To overcome this situation you should change your diet. Reduce carbohydrate intake and consume more fruits and vegetables. Usually doctors will recommend doing mild exercise that is safe for pregnant women, such as walking.
The placenta is a channel that supplies oxygen and nutrients from mother to baby. The placenta will be connected to the baby via the umbilical cord. If you have problems with the placenta, your pregnancy will be interrupted. Placental problems include placental abruption and placenta previa.
Placental abruption is a condition in which the placenta detaches prematurely. The placenta that has detached will not be able to stick back. So that oxygen and nutrition for the baby will be hampered, while the mother will experience heavy bleeding.
While placenta previa is a condition in which all or part of the placenta covers the cervix or birth canal. Because of this condition the mother will experience bleeding during pregnancy and childbirth. If this situation does not improve until before delivery, the doctor will usually recommend giving birth by caesarean section.
Both of these problems will certainly be dangerous for both the mother or the fetus if they do not get proper treatment. Therefore, it is important to have a pregnancy consultation when you enter the 3rd trimester of your pregnancy.
Postterm pregnancy is a condition in which the baby is not born until the age of 42 weeks. This situation is dangerous for the fetus, and can even cause death. The placenta can work for about 40 weeks. After that, the placenta will not be able to function properly. Due to this condition, the amniotic fluid will decrease around the fetus, and the supply of oxygen and food will stop.
Doctors will usually recommend induced labor if after 41 weeks of gestation there are no contractions. With induction labor you will be stimulated so that you experience contractions and your little one can be born soon. (Also read: Signs of Fetal Movement Ahead of Normal Labor )
One of the conditions that you should be aware of and become a problem in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy is premature birth. This situation usually occurs when you experience contractions that will cause the cervix to open faster, namely before 37 weeks of gestation.
Several factors can increase the risk of preterm birth, including having excess amniotic fluid, being pregnant with twins, infection of the amniotic sac, and having previously had premature birth.
Apart from premature contractions, the mother will experience several other symptoms such as vaginal pressure, tightness in the lower abdomen, and vaginal bleeding. If you experience these symptoms, consult your doctor immediately.
Intraurine Growth Restriction (IUGR)
Intraurine growth restriction (IUGR) is a condition in which a baby in the womb fails to grow and develop properly. As a result, when the baby is born, he has a low birth weight. This situation generally occurs due to placental tissue not functioning properly, so that the supply of oxygen and nutrients is reduced and the baby’s growth will be stunted.
Some other things that can trigger this situation are the habit of drinking alcohol, smoking, maternal infections, certain drugs and high blood pressure. When entering the third trimester of pregnancy, you must be diligent in doing routine checks or checking the baby’s condition periodically.
Premature rupture of membranes
The next 3rd trimester pregnancy problem is premature rupture of membranes. Premature rupture of the membranes can harm the fetus in the womb. This condition is quite common during the 3rd trimester of gestation. Although the cause is not known with certainty, this condition is sometimes caused by infection of the amniotic membrane.
When you experience this problem the doctor will suggest hospitalization. So that the condition of the fetus and you can be well monitored. Meanwhile, if this situation occurs when the gestational age has reached 34 weeks, even more so, you may give birth prematurely. Because the risk of preterm labor will be smaller than the risk of infection that the baby will receive if it is left in the
Vaginal discharge accompanied by itching can be an indication of bacterial vaginosis. If these bacteria cause an infection, you will experience vaginal discharge. The vaginal discharge you experience is usually white or gray. This condition can move the urethra, and will feel like a burning sensation when you urinate. This situation will make you feel uncomfortable. In pregnant women this situation will cause the baby to have low weight or maybe the baby was born prematurely. This situation is actually common in pregnant women. However, you can consult a doctor to prevent bad things from happening.
Thus it is important to always carry out pregnancy checks regularly, so that problems that may be experienced can be detected more quickly and treated appropriately. Those are some of the problems of pregnancy in trimester 3. Hopefully this is useful.
This article is reviewed by Midwife Pevi Revina sTR. Keb