You should not panic at first because at the age of 3-6 months babies often experience spit up. The difference that you should know is that spitting up occurs in babies without food, usually only in the form of saliva and not much, whereas vomiting is a condition in which food and drink comes out more and spurt less.
Why spit up or vomit more often experienced by babies than children? One of them is because babies have gastroesophageal reflux (GER) or better known as reflux. At the age of 3 months, almost 70% experience vomiting up to 3 times a day, even in some babies up to 10-12 times. Even so, this is still considered a normal category because the muscles in the lower part of the esophagus that are open and also closed can allow food to enter. the stomach is still very weak at this age and will easily come back out. In general, a baby will experience spit up conditions after getting breast milk / solids or occurs when your baby has a cough or cry that is too strong.
You need to know that spitting up that occurs in babies is a sign that your baby is getting full. There is also a condition where the baby vomits even though it is basically less than a spoonful. Beware if your baby starts rejecting it because of reflux. The cause is stomach acid that rises to the top of the stomach so that it becomes red and swells. Even a health condition such as an irritated esophagus can be a factor in food refusal, so it is important to get checked out if your baby refuses to eat or vomits a few times when he gets food.
When your baby spits up or vomits, you can minimize the amount. The first thing you have to pay attention to is don’t give too much food and also give the opportunity for air in the form of gas bubbles to be trapped in your baby’s stomach. Make sure every time you get breast milk or solids your baby can burp so that it can reduce vomiting. It is no less important for you to be able to keep your child’s food in his stomach by keeping his body upright for 30 minutes so that it supports from the stomach to the small intestine. who often vomits at night can put a pillow under his head. It is advisable not to put a pillow right on his head because it will have difficulty breathing.
Parents should not worry because this phase will end as your baby gets older. At the age of 6 months, the digestive system is getting better and can sit upright, even at the age of 6 months the baby has received complementary foods. So that at the age of 12 months, the baby’s habit of spitting up or vomiting will stop.
It can be concluded that those of you who are often worried because your child’s habit of vomiting after getting ASI / MPASI can be reduced by positioning the baby upright so that it helps the smooth digestion of food. In addition, you have to remember that spitting up is different from vomiting, although basically it will occur at the age of a baby under 6 months and will improve as your baby ages.