Causes of Nosebleeds
So, does someone actually experience a nosebleed? What are the triggers? It is very, very natural when someone experiences a nosebleed or bleeding from the nose, because the nose is located right on the face which is filled with blood vessels in the surrounding area, which will be very prone to experiencing nosebleeds. And to answer your question whether it is a trigger or cause of nosebleeds, here is the answer. Common causes that trigger nosebleeds are usually triggered by trauma. And other causes can be local abnormalities of the nose or systematic abnormalities. These local abnormalities include trauma, vascular disorders and many more. Meanwhile, systematic abnormalities, such as cardiovascular infections, are systematic and many more. To further discuss in more detail.
Here are some things that trigger nosebleeds.
The first cause of nosebleeds can be triggered due to minor trauma factors such as picking the nose, having a light impact on the nose, or removing too hard nasal discharge, or it could be the result of very severe trauma such as falling, having an accident that hit the nose and others. . In addition, nosebleeds can also be triggered as a result of a foreign object or surgical trauma. This nosebleed often occurs because of the sharp spine septum. Bleeding can occur in the spinal area itself or on the mucosa of the concha.
2. Consumption of Certain Medicines
Nosebleeds can also occur in those who are in the process of healing by taking certain drugs such as anticoagulants, such as aspirin. If epistaxis (nosebleeds) occurs in patients taking anticoagulants, hypertensive patients or patients who have abnormalities in blood clotting, nosebleeds can last up to 20 minutes.
3.Vascular disorders (Local)
The cause of nosebleeds due to blood vessel abnormalities, often a congenital or congenital cause, in which the size of the blood vessels is thinner, wider, connective tissue and cells are less.
4. Cardiovascular Disease
Hypertension / high blood pressure and vascular disorders such as arteriosclerosis, hepatic cirrhosis, chronic nephritis or diabetes mellitus can cause nosebleeds or epistaxis to occur. Epitaxis that occurs in people with cardiovascular disease is often severe and can be fatal. For this reason, in patients with this disease when epistaxis occurs, you should immediately get medical attention so that you get more serious treatment.
5. Change in temperature
Changes in temperature suddenly from hot to cold or vice versa can also cause epistaxis. This often occurs in people who live in countries that have 4 changing seasons, while in Indonesia the temperature is relatively constant so that nosebleeds for this reason are very rare.
6. Systemic infection
A systemic disease that often causes nosebleeds is dengue hemorrhagic fever. Influenza, morbilli with nosebleeds as well as typhoid fever.
7. Hormonal Disorders
This nosebleed or epistexis can also occur in pregnant women or those who have entered menopause due to the influence of hormonal changes.
How to Get Rid of Nosebleeds
The condition of the blood that keeps coming out of the bridge of the nose will certainly make you uncomfortable. The most important thing when this nosebleed occurs is how to stop the nosebleed so that it stops immediately. Well, here are the steps you need to take to be able to overcome nosebleeds.
- Pinch the nasal passages gently to stop the blood from flowing out of the nose. Use your thumb and index finger to squeeze the nose. Even though the one who is experiencing a nosebleeds is one part of the nose, still pinch your nostrils with your hands. In a pinched state while breathing through your mouth. Pinch your nose for about 5 to 10 minutes. This method will be effective in stopping the discharge of blood from the nose.
- Position your body in a sitting upright and leaning forward. With an upright position it will reduce the pressure of the blood vessels in the nose, which is a powerful way to reduce blood loss. Meanwhile, the leaning position towards the front aims to prevent the nosebleed from ingesting the blood that can enter the throat, which if this happens, the amka will feel uncomfortable in the stomach.
And there are some ways you can do when a nosebleed strikes, with easy ways to deal with the nosebleed, so you don’t need to panic or be embarrassed when a nosebleed or epistaxis attacks you in public.