Exclusive breastfeeding really helps babies get natural antibodies that can prevent infection. In addition, the immature digestion of babies is greatly assisted by breast milk because babies are easily adapted to the composition of breast milk. Moreover, research has found that exclusive breastfeeding can help reduce the risk of several diseases as adults and also reduce the risk of obesity in children.
The importance of breastfeeding is often constrained by the health conditions of the nursing mother. One of them is caused by mastitis, which is a disease that makes mothers uncomfortable and feels tortured when giving breast milk. Even some mothers who suffer from mastitis are constrained from giving exclusive breastfeeding.
This article will help you to understand the understanding of mastitis, the causes and symptoms of mastitis, as well as the prevention and treatment for mastitis so that the baby is still breastfed.
Mastitis is a tissue condition in the breast of a nursing mother to experience infection caused by bacteria. This is what causes the breasts to become swollen and the mother experiences pain. In mothers with mastitis, the breasts change color to become redder and the temperature is higher than in normal conditions. Even mothers who have mastitis will feel fever and chills.
Mastitis disease can be experienced by almost all breastfeeding mothers, although this disease usually attacks one breast. The condition experienced by the mother will easily feel tired and tired. The impact is that you will find it difficult to provide care to the baby.
Mothers who have mastitis will usually stop breastfeeding temporarily even though the baby’s suction will help to clear the infection. You don’t need to worry because it won’t affect the baby. Meanwhile, another way you can do this is by expressing breastmilk by hand and also a pump.
Although some mothers who experience mastitis can recover on their own, if the disease gets worse, treatment must be done immediately. This is to help you deal with complications that may occur from mastitis.
Causes of Mastitis
Mastitis in breastfeeding mothers is due to breast milk trapped in the milk ducts so that when the milk is trapped it will experience irritation of the surrounding tissue which triggers swelling and also pain in the breast.
In addition, mastitis can be caused by bacteria in the breast tissue. Bacteria that can cause infection enter the breast through the milk ducts or around cracked nipples. Mastitis is more common in breastfeeding women, but it does not rule out the possibility of occurring during periods outside of breastfeeding.
The risk factors for mastitis include:
- Have had mastitis before or a woman who has had an abrasion, which is a crack in the nipple.
- Irregular breastfeeding or not breastfeeding the baby after delivery.
- Experiencing pressure in the breast that is triggered by sleeping with the breasts, too strong when breastfeeding, the baby sleeping on the breast and sports, especially running without a bra.
- It can also be caused by breast milk that has accumulated in the breast so that the baby’s nipples are often bitten, often using a pacifier, the wrong position when the mother is breastfeeding and also weaning suddenly.
- It can also occur due to fungal infection of the breast and is susceptible to immune deficiency disorders.
- Having diabetes mellitus, using cortisone type drugs and also having bad habits such as consuming alcohol and smoking.
Symptoms of Mastitis
Symptoms of mastitis include frequent fever, weakness and weakness. Then the nursing mother experiences nausea and vomiting accompanied by aches like having a cold. Even the most noticeable condition is the breasts that are swollen, painful and red in color.
Furthermore, what can be used as a symptom is a soft lump or crust on the breast, the nipple secretes pus and the lymph nodes in the armpit experience swelling. If these symptoms are felt, you should consult a doctor.
Mastitis prevention can be prevented by doing the following steps:
- Give ASI as often as possible according to your baby’s needs. If you feel your breasts are full then all you have to do is get the milk out. Either with expressed breast milk if you are not close to the baby or by giving breast milk directly.
- Avoid cleaning the nipples with soap after breastfeeding because the good thing is to use a cotton ball and then wet it with boiled water. Furthermore, it can be dried with the nipple using a towel so that it is not damp.
- Choose a bra that can absorb sweat, avoid using a bra that presses the breast. You can change bras as often as possible to avoid sweating and infection in the breast
Treatments performed for mastitis sufferers include using a method of removing blockages in the milk ducts. This method is very effective in reducing pain as well as swelling so that it can remove blockages in the sysy duct by breastfeeding the baby, using a pump to express the milk and by compressing the baby before feeding.
Meanwhile, to relieve pain and swelling, it can be done by compressing with ice around the breast affected by mastitis. Then consume more fluids and also rest, be sure to consult a doctor for pain relief that is safe for mother and baby.
The doctor will provide antibiotics that can treat mastitis, drugs that will help reduce the risk of more serious complications so that during the breastfeeding period it will not interfere with the health of the mother and baby. Generally mastitis is caused by Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. If the treatment using antibiotics does not respond positively, other types of antibacterials are used, even using surgery.