Next is DPT immunization which has side effects such as lack of appetite, pain in the injection site, vomiting and fever. The benefits of immunization cannot be doubted, but some of you worry when after immunization your baby experiences an increase in body temperature. What is there to do? You don’t need to panic on some immunizations including the DPT vaccine (diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus) which causes changes in body temperature in your baby. Your baby will have difficulty sleeping, it is easier to cry and be anxious not because the vaccine is not suitable but because changes in body temperature make your baby uncomfortable. Even the success or failure of immunization can be seen after immunization by marked changes in body temperature, heat or swelling around the injection area.
Vaccines that have increased body temperature often make you panic, go awry and even cry too hard with the baby’s condition. Although you will be notified beforehand after immunization of changes experienced by the baby, you can ask for heat reduction medication in anticipation of an occasional increase in heat. In the baby’s heat reaches 38 degrees Celsius, it does not need febrifuge.
Here are ways you can reduce high body temperature in your baby after immunization:
1. Give ASI as often as possible. The content of breast milk has substances that can reduce the increase in body temperature.
2. Holding the baby, by giving a hug from you can increase the painkiller substance thereby reducing the pain.
3. Do not use swaddles or thick blankets, wear clothes that easily absorb sweat.
4. Compress using warm water so that it reduces the risk of seizures than using cold water.
5. Give a warm compress to reduce swelling after the injection. Most babies feel pain when the injection site is touched, which can make it uncomfortable.
6. Give a gentle massage so that the baby feels comfortable
7. Always use a heat measuring device (thermometer) to see the progress of the increase or decrease in body temperature.
8. In general, the increase in your baby’s body temperature will increase around 38- 40 degrees Celsius, your body heat will decrease by itself within 1-2 days. When your baby experiences heat exceeding 38 degrees Celsius, fever-reducing drugs can be given according to doctor’s recommendations. If it does not go down and you have a history of seizures, you can consult a doctor to administer it.