For example, babies who are given breast milk will be different from babies who are given formula milk. Likewise with children, you should be vigilant when your child experiences conditions such as difficulty defecating, experiencing pain when passing stools or sometimes with a small amount of blood in the toilet, due to a small tear in the skin on the back (anus). The symptoms that appear in your child who is constipated are marked by pain in the stomach, poor appetite, changes in behavior, such as becoming more irritable or sad, restless, restless and other signs that the child needs to go to the toilet and feeling sick (nausea).
The cause of constipation in children is due to diet, lack of intake of foods containing fiber. The function of fluids and fiber in the body to aid digestion, especially bowel movements. Fast food also contributes to digestive problems in children including constipation, while in infants constipation can occur due to the transition from breast milk to formula milk or complementary foods. For your children who often hold back bowel movements are more at risk of experiencing constipation because the stool becomes hard and painful when defecating, the stressful condition in children will affect brain function to cause constipation. There are also more severe conditions such as irritable bowel conditions that result in constipation for 2-3 weeks.
You can do how to deal with constipation in children by maintaining a lifestyle as below:
1. Eat High in Fiber. Consume high-fiber foods such as fruits, vegetables, cereals, whole wheat bread to prevent constipation from getting worse. A change to a high-fiber diet is often rejected by your child but your child can make good changes such as pursuing the idea of increasing your child’s fiber intake by providing breakfast with baked potatoes and beans, porridge or other high fiber cereal or vegetable soup with bread. Provide snacks such as apricots or raisins, or serve fruit in small pieces to make it more interesting.
2. Meet the needs of body fluids. Give your child more fluids so that it is easier for the stool to move into the intestines. The amount of fluid needed by children varies according to age and weight. The average school-age child needs 3-4 glasses of drink at breakfast. Encourage children to drink a lot, however, some children have the habit of consuming soft drinks. Try to limit the types of drinks. Give mineral water as the main drink.
3. Teach your child to regularly go to the toilet when it’s time to defecate and not to delay so that constipation develops worse. Avoid forcing him so that it makes you feel pressured to get used to regular bowel movements, make him calm because feelings of stress will make constipation worse.
4. Diligent exercise can help intestinal peristalsis to move, a simple exercise that is liked by your child such as riding a bicycle or running regularly.