The term seleksia may be familiar to you. But to refresh your memory a little, there is nothing wrong if we begin to recognize again what selection is. As quoted from the explanation of the head of the Indonesian Dyselexia Association Daily, Dr. Kristianti Dewi, Sp A through Kompas.com, explained that selection is a disorder based on a neurobiological disorder characterized by difficulty in recognizing words properly and accurately in spelling and in the ability to code symbols.
Dyselexia itself is divided into two parts, namely acquired dyselexia and developmental dyselexia. Developmental dyselexia is congenital and because the causative factor is a genetic or hereditary cause, people selected for this type will carry this disorder for life and cannot be cured. Not only do they have difficulty reading, people with this type of selection tend to experience obstacles in spelling, writing and several other aspects of language. But even so, children with dysexia have normal intelligence and can even be above average. With special handling, the obstacles they experience can and may be minimized.
The researchers revealed that nearly 70 cases of dysexia they encountered were entirely hereditary, while the rest were influenced by factors other than genetics and so far it has not been found what causes them. Whereas in acquired dyselexia initially the people are normal individuals, but when they reach adulthood they experience brain injury on the left side which can cause dysexia. Because cases of dyslexia generally affect children, it is not uncommon for parents to be worried about their children’s health conditions. However, usually the appearance of dyslexia can be indicated by the following things.
Symptoms of Dyslexia
Symptoms of dysexia may be difficult to notice when the child has not entered the world of education and when the baby reaches school age, the teacher of your child may be the first to notice. However, some early symptoms can identify the problem.
1. Signs and symptoms of children who may be at risk of pre-school selection can be recognized if your child experiences speech delays, problems with concentration, does not understand the questions given in length and width, reads backwards, for example ‘I’ becomes ‘uka’, difficult to understand the words of others and unable to take orders in large portions.
2. Signs and symptoms of dyslexia may be more visible when the child enters school age, including difficulty pronouncing the pronunciation of words that are unfamiliar to him, difficulty fully understanding instructions given quickly, experiencing problems processing and understanding what the child hears. , reading at a level below what is expected for the child’s age, difficulty distinguishing similar letters, difficulty understanding foreign languages and spelling difficulties.
Those are some of the signs and symptoms that people with dyslexia can cause, generally, selection will be more visible when the child starts to enter school age because it is in school that education and the absorption of language aspects are applied, so it would not be surprising if the first person to notice it is the teacher who teaches it. . Children with dysexia require special treatment and teaching and treatment for children with seleksia usually involves a multisensory educational program. Moral support from parents is the most important part.