The human body needs food to get energy so that it can carry out its daily activities. Without food intake, the body will feel weak and helpless. This condition will also affect one’s productivity level. Where those who lack food intake will tend to get sick easily and cannot carry out activities and routines as they should.
For this reason, fulfill your food needs properly. In addition, it is very important to get enough healthy food into the body because your body needs a number of nutritional intake from eating healthy foods to be able to function properly.
However, it seems that consumption of food can be overshadowed by the risk of problems or disturbances. In this disorder, the problem that will arise is the existence of an eating disorder (an eating disorder or disorder). Now, for more details, we will identify what eating disorders are and what are the types. Check it out below.
What is Eating Disorder?
Eating disorder is an eating disorder or disorder in which this condition makes the sufferer show abnormal behavior towards food that is done continuously so that it becomes a habit. This condition can be experienced by anyone, both adults and children and even women or men will also be at risk of experiencing this condition. However, in most cases it is women who suffer from this one disorder.
So why is that? This is because the emergence of this abnormal habit is closely related to the desire to have a perfect body with ideal body weight in the eyes of the sufferer.
It is not uncommon for this condition of eating disorder to be accompanied by other mental disorders such as depression, substance abuse (abuse / consuming something continuously and can become addictive) and accompanied by anxiety disorder. This condition certainly cannot be underestimated or underestimated. Because when it affects mental health, it is feared that there will be mental shocks in the sufferer.
Eating disorders are basically divided into several types. Well, among them, let’s look at them below.
Types of Eating Disorder
There are several kinds of eating disorders that can occur which of all of these types in essence never take it as crumb or underestimate. When people around you show this behavior it is very important to immediately handle this case properly. Don’t let the sufferer get stuck with the wrong food disorder condition that will cause other health problems.
The first disturbance to food is anorexia nervosa. In this disorder, sufferers will have great fear and worry about weight gain. In addition, in the mindset of the sufferer generally there is a wrong perception about body shape. So that this condition makes them limit the food they will consume by cutting the portions excessively. Even to the point of making them eat less food and feel hungry.
Even when their weight and body shape are ideal, they still see themselves as fat and not beautiful. Research shows that around 90 to 95 percent of people with anorexia nervosa are experienced by women and mostly in adolescents.
If this condition is not treated immediately, anorexia nervosa can cause low blood pressure, dry skin, brain damage, brittle bones, infertility, liver damage and even death.
Binge Eating Disorder (BED)
The second eating disorder is Binge Eating, in this condition the sufferer will experience loss of control to be able to limit their food. So that this condition will allow them to consume large and excessive portions of food until they feel full. Worse, this condition makes binge eating sufferers not easily feel full and easily feel hungry.
Disorders like this will certainly make the sufferer prone to obesity and will then be followed by other disorders or health problems. Examples include cardiovascular health problems, snoring, diabetes, high blood pressure and even the risk of diabetes due to high cholesterol deposits in the blood.
Not only the risks above, the condition of the weight that continues to increase in the sufferer will make him feel embarrassed, experience a crisis of confidence, stress due to eating too much. But they will keep on doing it and even when stressful conditions come they can be in large numbers and in the end they will be exposed to regret and shame and so on.
If not treated immediately, the size of the patient’s body weight will continue to increase and soar so that the increased risk of other diseases will be even more real.
The next one is bulimia nervosa, this condition results in the sufferer consuming large amounts of food, then accompanied by feelings of regret afterwards. The difference is, in bulimic sufferers they will do anything to be able to burn the calories that have just entered their body. Even this sufferer will tend to try to force back out the food he just swallowed. For example, stabbing his throat with his fingers to make him feel nauseous so that food can be regurgitated.
Why Does Eating Disorder Occur?
The triggers for this disorder condition are complex. Because it could be that the contributing factors are caused by biological factors which are triggered by demands or pressures from the environment. What are these factors? Check it out below.
Examples of Biological Factors of Eating Disorder:
- Abnormal hormone function
- Nutritional deficiencies
- Heredity (just presumed, still needs further investigation)
- Examples of Environmental Factors Eating Disorder:
- Feeling insecure about their peers
- Trauma due to being bullied or abused psychologically or verbally by the environment
- The role demands to choose a slim body
Examples of Psychological Factors of Eating Disorder:
- Not feeling satisfied with himself
- Seeing himself as different from others
- A bad view of yourself.
The condition of eating disorders that occurs in sufferers, especially adolescent children is not a case that can be underestimated or underestimated. Especially for adolescents where in fact at this time they are still classified as a growth stage.
Being trapped in a dangerous eating disorder condition will make growth stunted. For this reason, immediately handle this case by consulting a doctor or nutritionist so that your little one and your family are free from the risk of this problem.
These are some explanations that can be given from recognizing what an eating disorder is. By understanding the discussion this time is expected to increase awareness of everyone to be able to detect disturbances that may occur early. Early detection will certainly make handling easier to do so that your little one and our families can be given the opportunity to be saved.