The appearance of blood during urination along with the discharge of urine does cause anxiety. Especially if you are a person with diabetes, both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. However, blood that occurs together with urine is not always dangerous. It’s just that this condition can indicate a serious condition in your body that needs to immediately get deeper treatment.
Then why diabetes can cause bloody urine? Bloody urine in diabetes is known as hematuria. From the research of experts, it was found that even the hematuria conditions were divided into 2 groups, namely gross hematuria and microscopic hematuria.
Gross hematuria is a condition where the discharge of blood in the urine can be seen with the naked eye. Meanwhile, microscopic hematuria is the discharge of blood that is not visible to the eye but can be seen on a miscroscope.
Colleration Between Hematuria and Diabetes
Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by chronic and acute hyperglycemia. When a person with diabetes has poor control of their health, hyperglycemia can lead to diabetes complications. Meanwhile, one of the long-term complications of diabetes mellitus is damage to the kidneys or diabetic nephropathy. This complication is the result of pressure abnormalities in the blood vessels that accompany diabetes and increases the risk of kidney failure in the sufferer.
In addition, this condition can occur as a result of chronic high blood sugar levels that make the kidneys have to work harder to filter the blood. Over time, the kidneys will be damaged so that the kidney’s filter capacity begins to leak and produce a small amount of protein (proteinuria) and this condition causes blood to flow into the urine, which is known as hematuria.
Risk Factors for Hematuria in Diabetes Patients
Not all sufferers diabetes have a risk for developing hematuria. There are several factors that can trigger and influence the development of kidney disease and hematuria in the body, including the control of blood sugar in the body, blood pressure and genetic factors. It’s just that, if someone is better at controlling diabetes and blood pressure in their body, the lower the risk of their chances of experiencing diabetic nephropathy.
What are the Symptoms of Hematuria?
When the capillary tube fails to filter the blood, this condition will require the kidneys to work harder to make up for this failure so that kidney disease often does not cause significant symptoms before almost all of its function is lost. However, experts have found several symptoms that may indicate if the kidney condition is damaged, including:
- Loss of sleep quality
- Poor appetite
- Feel weak and helpless
- It’s hard to concentrate
- Stomach that feels sore
- The appearance of blood in the urine
When you get the symptoms above, you should immediately see your doctor regularly. The medical expert will do more tests of your health condition including by doing blood pressure tests, urine tests for protein, blood tests to find out waste products and examining other organs that are suspected of being prone to complications. diabetes.
Prevention of Diabetes Hematuria
The condition of hematuria is indeed scary and anyone who experiences the condition of passing blood along with urine will certainly panic seeing this condition. Especially for those of you who suffer from diabetes, this condition may indicate a serious problem with your health condition. For this reason, prevention of this condition will certainly be an important thing to know. Well, below is the prevention of diabetes hematurian conditions.
Complications of diabetic nephropathy can be prevented by keeping blood sugar within a normal range or target. A study shows that controlling blood sugar in the body properly and always done strictly will reduce the risk of hematuria and proteinuria by 30% more.
Meanwhile, for patients who already have this condition or have just been diagnosed with hematuria and proteinuria, try to keep your blood sugar levels well. Try to keep blood sugar levels within normal ranges to reverse the situation. Attention to this sugar level will help you avoid hematuria that may occur. In addition, this attention will also be useful for controlling your diabetes better.
Diabetes Hematuria Treatment
Self-care is an important part that needs to be done to tightly control blood glucose levels and blood pressure. Abnormal blood pressure can have a drastic effect on the development of diabetic nephropathy, and even this condition can cause a slight increase in blood pressure. Where this condition is a symptom and a bad sign of hematuria. Well, below is a good hematuria treatment.
Controlling Blood Pressure
The first thing that can be done in the treatment of hematuria is to control the blood pressure in the body properly. For that, try to always manage your blood pressure by losing your weight if you are an obese person. Also reduce salt consumption, avoid alcohol consumption and cigarettes. In addition, exercising regularly will provide benefits and help the treatment run better.
Run a Healthy Diet
Some experts recommend that diabetics stick to a low protein diet. Protein seems to increase how hard your kidneys need to work. A low protein diet can lower the risk of hematuria and proteinuria. Meanwhile, talk about what kind of diet is good for you to run in overcoming this condition.
If you have kidney failure, dialysis or a transplant will be necessary. You can choose whether a dialis or kidney transplant will be taken. This choice of course needs to be made based on the agreement of both parties, namely the patient and the medical team who treats you. The medi team will generally include doctors, kidney experts, kidney transplant surgeons, psychologists and social workers. So so, when you are faced with this condition, first consider it well and if necessary, do research and consult properly with the doctor who treats your condition well.
In essence, proper handling and running a healthy lifestyle and a low protein diet are important things for you to pay attention to. The condition of the discharge of blood together with urine or what is known as hematuria is certainly a scary and scary thing. For this reason, proper and fast handling is an important solution to be pursued immediately.
Those are some things that can be conveyed from this discussion. Hopefully knowing some of this information will make you more aware of your health and bring this condition to your doctor immediately so that you can get better treatment soon.