Type of vaginal discharge: Physiological discharge (normal)
Although this type of vaginal discharge is not dangerous, it often makes you uncomfortable and can reduce self-confidence. Physiological discharge can be experienced by normal women who are about to menstruate or have menstruated. Leucorrhoea also occurs at puberty and nearing monopause. Leucorrhoea in women too it can happen because you are under stress or you are pregnant. The physiological characteristics of vaginal discharge are as follows:
- The vagina produces excess fluid
- Does not cause itching in the vaginal area
- Clear colored liquid
- Does not smell fishy
Even though this type of vaginal discharge is safe, it does not mean that your female organs are not threatened because after all, maintaining the cleanliness of female organs is something that must be done by women in keeping the female area clean and not contaminated with bacteria, fungi and viruses.
Pathological (abnormal) vaginal discharge
This type of discharge is often underestimated and considered normal vaginal discharge, even though if left without treatment and prevention it will worsen pathological vaginal discharge. Causes of vaginal discharge pathological, namely changes in vaginal moisture that cause disruption of normal bacterial development. There are several infections caused by bacteria, fungi and viruses, namely:
- Yeast infection: A yeast infection causes you to experience yellowish white vaginal discharge, thick discharge, swelling of the vulva and experiencing itching and pain in the vulva area.
- Bacterial Vaginosis (VB). There are several bacteria that cause vaginal discharge, namely Gardnerella, Mobiluncus, Bacteriodes, Mycoplasma. As for the characteristics if your vaginal discharge is caused by a bacterial infection is a grayish-white discharge, smells, itching, redness and swelling of the vaginal lips.
- Trichomoniasis. If you experience vaginal discharge with yellowish or greenish signs, foamy mucus, fishy smell, urinary pain and itching.
- Gonorrhea. Your vaginal discharge changes color to a gray or yellowish color, then the discharge of blood between menstrual cycles and urinary disturbances.
- As for infections caused by other bacteria such as gonococcus, Chlamydia trichomatis, Gardenella, and Treponema pallidum. Caused by fungi such as Candida infection and caused by the condyloma acuminata virus and herpes.
Causes of vaginal discharge
There are several causes of vaginal discharge, namely internally concerning the cleanliness of the feminine area and external factors concerning cleanliness and the environment:
- Infections caused by fungi, bacteria or viruses. Resulting in decreased good germs so that the development of bad bacteria (pathogens) increases, thus causing your feminine pH to increase.
- Not maintaining cleanliness. Not being able to maintain cleanliness in your female area will cause vaginal discharge problems so that bad bacteria (pathogens) increase resulting in an infection that easily spreads to the female area.
- Antibiotics and birth control pills for a long time. Consumption of antibiotics and Kb pills for a long time will cause vaginal discharge, this is because antibiotics can cause the immune system in the body. The use of family planning will also disrupt the hormonal balance.
- Stress. Stress will cause all organs of the body that are affected by the brain to change their balance and cause vaginal discharge.
- There is an object that has entered the vagina. Discharge can also be caused by tampons, entry of pubic hair, contraceptives, and prolonged irritation.
How to Overcome Leucorrhoea:
- Avoid using antiseptic soap too often because it will disturb the stability of your female ph which causes your good bacteria to be disturbed.
- Try not to use powder in the vagina because it will invite yeast and bacteria that stick and become a pile in the vagina
- Always try to dry your vagina before using underwear.
- Do not use underwear that is damp and the material does not absorb sweat.
- Often use pads when you are menstruating.