Causes of Migraines and How to Overcome Them – Have you ever experienced migraines? Headaches caused by migraines will certainly interfere with daily activities. Although it is common, this condition will make the sufferer feel pain. In addition, migraines will also cause several symptoms.
It is very important to know some of the causes of migraines so that you can prevent this condition. In addition, also know some of the symptoms of migraines and ways you can do at home to treat migraines. For more details, you can see below.
What Are Migraines?
Migraine is a throbbing headache that usually occurs on one side of the head only. Migraine is a neurological disease with several symptoms, such as the sufferer experiencing nausea, vomiting, and being sensitive to both light and sound. Migraine conditions can last for only a few hours or even up to several days. Compared to men, women experience migraines more often.
A person who experiences migraines will show several symptoms. There are four stages of migraine symptoms. However, not all of these stages are experienced by sufferers. There are four stages of migraine symptoms.
These symptoms can be experienced a day or two before a migraine. The symptoms that the sufferer will feel are mood changes, neck stiffness, wanting to eat certain foods, yawning more frequently, thirst, constipation, and urinating more frequently.
This stage of migraine symptoms can be experienced before or during a migraine. The symptoms experienced are visual disturbances, such as blurred vision and like seeing flashes of light. Not only visual disturbances, but sufferers can experience verbal, sensory, and motor problems.
Sufferers can experience this stage for 4 to 72 hours. Symptoms that can be experienced at this stage are headache in just one part or can occur on both sides of the head, blurred vision, throbbing head, dizziness, nausea and vomiting, and sensitivity to light, smell, sound to touch.
This is the final stage of a migraine. Occurs 24 hours after a migraine attack. At this stage the sufferer can experience mood swings, feel tired, have light headaches, and are sensitive to both light and sound.
If the symptoms you are experiencing get worse, it would be better if you check with your doctor. (Also read: Why Pregnant Women Often Migraines? )
Various Causes of Migraines
Migraines can be triggered by various causes. To make it easier for you to do prevention, it is very important to know some of the causes of migraines. Check out some of the causes of migraines below.
Migraines can be caused due to hormonal changes. Changes in hormone levels experienced by women, especially the hormone estrogen, are closely related to migraines. Some women experience migraines when they experience a significant drop in estrogen. For example, before or during menstruation, during pregnancy or menopause.
Consumption of Certain Foods and Drinks
Another cause of migraine is the consumption of certain foods and drinks. Eating foods and drinks with certain ingredients, such as MSG or caffeine, are known to cause headaches or migraines. Both of these ingredients will be able to affect the central nervous system and blood vessels in the brain. So that in the end the blood vessels in the brain will experience narrowing and contractions. In addition, other foods that can trigger migraine problems include chocolate and cheese.
Everyone has experienced stress. Stress has a bad impact on health, including it can cause migraines. The sudden rise and fall in emotional levels can trigger migraine problems. When under stress, the brain will release chemicals that can make changes in the body, as well as the brain such as tense muscles and dilated blood vessels. In some cases, a person will experience a migraine after the stress is resolved or when you feel more relaxed.
Changes in the weather
Migraines can also be caused by weather changes. In addition, the strong aroma can make a person experience migraines. Based on a study, weather changes will trigger migraines. The smell and strange can cause a migraine recurrence. Some of the most common causes of migraine relapse include the smell of perfume and the smell of pungent food such as durians. In addition, cigarette smoke can also cause migraine recurrence.
Habitual factors can also cause a person to experience migraines. Habitual factors that can cause migraines include poor sleep quality, fatigue, sleep disturbances, bad posture, after doing strenuous exercise or due to certain conditions such as low blood sugar levels.
Migraines can also be caused due to side effects of taking certain drugs. In addition, a family who has a history of migraines can also trigger migraines.
Migraine Treatment at Home
Migraines are a common health problem. This one health problem will certainly be able to hinder the activity of the sufferer if it is not handled properly. Migraines can be relieved by taking drugs that are sold in pharmacies. In addition, you can also do several things like the following to help relieve migraines.
- When you experience migraines, you can take breaks at home. You can sleep in a quiet and dark room.
- In addition, you can also try massaging your head to reduce the pain you experience.
- You can also do muscle relaxation.
- You can try cold compresses on the chin or behind the neck.
- It is known that yoga can help relieve migraine conditions. Yoga movements will help improve mental and physical health. In addition, several studies have shown that doing yoga can reduce the frequency, duration, and intensity of migraine symptoms. Although there is still no medical research that proves yoga can treat migraines, with yoga you will get benefits for overall body health.
- Paying attention to food intake is important. As mentioned earlier, migraines can be triggered by consumption of certain foods. You should avoid some of these foods. In addition, the lack of need for magnesium substances can trigger headaches and make migraine conditions recur. Apart from magnesium supplements, you can get natural sources of magnesium from certain foods. Foods that are a source of magnesium include bananas, avocados, vegetables with dark green leaves, soybeans, nuts, salmon and so on. Not only magnesium, you should also meet your omega-3 intake.
Although some of these natural ways can help relieve migraines, it is important to consult a doctor. That way you will know what drugs are right for migraine relief and what treatments can be done to relieve migraines.
This is information about the symptoms, causes and trea
tment of migraines at home. Hope it is useful.