In addition, the appearance of this disease is sometimes for a long period of time and can even be chronic and is thought to be caused by an autoimmune (immune) disorder so that dead skin cells are produced excessively. Clinically, psoriasis is not life-threatening and has no contagious effect, but because its appearance can affect any area of the body, this disease can have an impact on the quality of life of sufferers if they don’t get proper treatment right away.
Even though it is stated as a non-communicable disease, it is classified as a recurring and chronic disease. The factors that can trigger a recurrence of psoriasis include external trauma, such as unsuitable weather, friction, or scratching. Meanwhile, internal factors, such as emotional stress, hormonal factors, fatigue, pregnancy, menstruation, disturbed health, and even factors from drug consumption. And to make matters worse, until now there is no suitable type of drug to cure psoriasis.
The mechanism of psoriasis, usually begins with the appearance of some kind of bruise or impact on one part of the body’s skin. After the incident occurred, the traumatized part of the wound did not heal and even became more widespread, spreading and worsening to become scaly and causing red spots. Usually these scales are quite thick, sometimes falling off on their own. When scratched, these spots will look like wax marks, so it’s no wonder that this disease is often referred to as wax spots.
Causes of Psoriasis Disease
Actually, until now it is not certain what causes psoriasis. However, based on research, there are several things that can trigger psoriasis, including:
1. Genetic Factors
It is stated that a person who is at risk of suffering from psoriasis is around 34-39%, if one of his family members has a history of suffering from psoriasis, then the offspring will have a greater risk of suffering from psoriasis.
2. Weather factor
Some psoriasis sufferers have a tendency to get better in the summer and worse in the winter.
3. Local infection
There are several infections that occur in the body that also contribute to the onset of psoriasis. Such as chronic and chronic infections.
4. Psychic Factors
Some people with psoriasis are thought to be triggered by psychological factors. Meanwhile, anxiety, anxiety and other emotional disorders play a role in causing recurrence.
Psoriasis Disease Management
Even though until now no cure has been found to cure Psoriasis, this disease can still be treated. The goal of treatment is not simply to make the skin look back to normal. However, the goal of treatment may have different results.
Treatment that is continuously carried out routinely with the right diagnosis, it is not impossible to eliminate the symptoms of psoriasis, so that itching and scales can be eliminated. Treatment that is carried out depends on how severe the symptoms are felt. One in ten sufferers develops psoriasis at the age of a child. Psoriasis that occurs at this age usually tends to spread and is difficult to remove, besides that, red patches and scales often come back even though they had disappeared.
To treat patients with psoriasis at this age, doctors usually provide drugs to relieve the itching they are experiencing. In addition, external handling, such as psychological treatment, is needed. Because maybe sufferers who experience this disease will experience pressure, stress and feel inferior from their environment.