In general, menstruation lasts 3-7 days. The menstrual cycle is the menstrual cycle experienced by women in their productive age. During menstruation, the uterine wall shedding occurs. The shedding will take place every month, resulting in the process of cleaning the uterus due to the presence of blood vessels, glands and unfertilized cells. For women, it is no stranger to menstruation that occurs every month unless there is conception (pregnancy). But do you know, is your menstrual cycle normal? Let’s find out what menstrual cycle should be (normal).
Normal Menstrual Cycle
There will be primary follicle growth which is influenced by the FSH hormone, on the first to the fourteenth day. The hormones that affect the menstrual cycle, namely:
- LH-RH. LH is released due to hypophotic stimulation
- FSH-RH. FSH is released via pituitary stimuli released by the hypothalamus.
- PIH. Prolactin is inhibited by the pituitary.
Main Menstrual Cycle
1. Menstrual period. It will last for 2-8 days during which the uterine lining is released until bleeding occurs and ovarian hormones are at their lowest levels.
2. The period of proliferation. This phase occurs the growth of the two functional to prepare the uterus for the fetus. In this phase, the endometrium begins to grow back. Will happen on the 12-14th day
3. The Secretion Period. The period after ovulation in which the hormone progesterone affects the growth of the endometrium to make the uterus ready for the fetus to enter the uterus.
The normal menstrual cycle can be calculated from the first menstruation until before menstruation in the following month. A normal cycle usually occurs at 28 days. However, in adolescents menstrual cycle changes often occur and are considered normal. The normal menstrual cycle is influenced by preovulation, which changes every month and varies from woman to woman.
Abnormal Menstrual Cycle
If you have bleeding for up to 35 days, could it be menstrual blood? Normally women menstruate for 3-8 with a different amount of blood released by each woman. Basically, the blood that is removed is around 30-80ml. Types of abnormal menstrual cycles, namely:
1. Polymoenorrhea. In this case, women experience menstruation more often, which is around 2-3 weeks.
2. Mettorrhagia. This cycle is characterized by the arrival of irregular menstruation. Menstruation occurs around 3-6 weeks.
3. Oligomenorrhea. This cycle occurs irregularly so that the cause and condition must be known in advance in order to get the appropriate treatment. Found in many cases, this cycle is triggered because of a hormonal imbalance experienced by women.
4. Menorrhagia. There is heavy bleeding that occurs during menstruation. Triggered because of a hormonal imbalance that causes menstrual cycles without ovulation. Under normal circumstances, the eggs from the ovaries produce progesterone. If the levels are not enough, it will cause bleeding during menstruation. Immediately consult a doctor to get further treatment.