Effects of Corona Virus on Risk Groups – Corona virus is a virus that attacks breathing. The disease caused by this viral infection is called Covid-19. Corona virus or Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, is a new type of coronavirus that can be transmitted to humans. Anyone can be infected by this one virus.
The first time this virus infection was found in Wuhan, China, was in late December 2019. The transmission of this virus is fast, it has even spread to various countries, including Indonesia.
Initially this viral infection will cause symptoms in the form of flu, such as for example a runny nose, fever, sore throat, dry cough and headache, even symptoms can be severe. Sufferers can have high fever, chest pain, shortness of breath, cough with phlegm. However, there are 3 common symptoms that can indicate that a person is infected with this virus such as fever with a temperature of more than 38 degrees Celsius, cough and shortness of breath.
The Corona virus itself has quite serious effects, even causing many casualties. Especially in groups who are prone to developing diseases due to the Corona virus.
Effects of Corona Virus on Risk Groups
The effect of the Corona virus on groups at risk must be watched out so that the condition does not get worse.
The elderly are one of the groups at risk of the Corona or Covid-19 virus. It is based on physical and mental conditions. The elderly usually have weak immune systems, so as a result they will be susceptible to infectious diseases, including Covid-19. The elderly also tend to experience other chronic diseases such as for example lung, heart, kidney or diabetes. This condition causes a weak body’s ability to fight viral infections.
When it comes to isolation, the age group over 65 will have their own challenges. They will find it difficult to get information about what to do. Therefore, the elderly are considered to be more at risk of the Corona virus which can cause serious complications.
People who suffer from chronic diseases are also at risk of experiencing the serious effects of the Corona virus. Apart from the elderly, adults can also experience the same disease if they do not adopt a healthy lifestyle. There are several medical conditions that are at high risk for serious complications, either in the elderly or adults, such as the following.
Problem on respiratory system, for example asthma is a chronic disease that will have bad effects due to the Corona virus. When a person is infected, this virus will attack the respiratory system. For someone who does not have chronic disease and has a strong immune system, this viral infection may only cause mild symptoms. However, it is different for people who have problems with the respiratory system.
In general, the Corona Covid 19 virus will cause acute respiratory distress syndrome, where this condition can cause damage to the lungs. Therefore, someone who has respiratory problems, such as asthma, is usually prone to severe complications.
Diabetes has also been reported to be a risk factor for serious complications due to Covid-19. Immune system disorders experienced by diabetics, both against viral infections related to cytokines, as well as changes in the immune response. Bad blood sugar levels can cause the condition to occur and worsen lung infections. So that by doing so, diabetics will find it difficult to fight viral infections caused by a lack of immune response and the spread of the virus becomes faster.
The effect of the Corona virus on people with heart disease can cause serious problems. Therefore, you must be more vigilant if you have this disease. The virus that enters the body will attack the lungs. In addition, the Corona virus that causes Covid-19 will also be able to trigger an inflammatory response. This will put pressure on the cardiovascular system.
This will result in lower levels and blood pressure. When this condition occurs, the heart has to beat fast and hard to supply oxygen to the body. Therefore, Covid-19 can cause a fatal heart attack that can even lead to death.
Diseases That Can Cause Immune Disorders
Apart from some of the diseases above, the Corona virus will also have serious effects on someone who has an immune disorder. With an immune disorder condition, a person’s body’s ability to fight and recover from viral infections will decrease. Conditions like this can occur in those with diseases that will affect the immune system, for example, such as HIV, cancer and other diseases. In addition, taking certain drugs will also affect the body’s immune system. For example, drugs or treatments to fight cancer that can weaken your immune system.
As we know, smoking is not good for health. Smoking will cause various health problems such as lung cancer, coronary heart disease to stroke. Therefore, smoking is not recommended.
Smokers infected by the Corona virus which attacks the respiratory system will cause the effects of this disease to be even greater. In addition, smoking will also be bad for the immune system. Cigarettes contain toxic chemical compounds, one of which is a carcinogen that can cause cancer and carbon monoxide. This substance will be able to be inhaled by the respiratory system, the effect will trigger organ damage.
Respiratory function, blood vessels and the heart system will decrease. This will make it difficult for the body to fight viral or bacterial infections. This is because the vital organs of the body must overcome the damaged organs and fight the toxins that come from smoking. Therefore, smoking will weaken your immune system and reduce the production of antibodies. The effect is that smokers are likely to have a higher risk than non-smokers in developing symptoms due to more severe Corona virus infection, for example pneumonia.
Lung function has decreased due to the chemical compounds of cigarettes will be worse because of the effects of the Corona virus.
The Corona virus outbreak is increasingly spreading and has caused many cases. However, the Corona virus does not have a big effect on the health of children infected with this virus. There are indeed cases of death in children due to Covid-19, it’s just that when compared to adults and the elderly, the numbers are small. Even most children who experience Corona virus infection are asymptomatic or experience mild to moderate symptoms.
Experts have not found an answer why the Corona Covid-19 virus in children does not cause serious effects.
Immunity and health will affect the effects of the Corona virus. Therefore, it is very important to always maintain health and cleanliness, and increase body resistance so that this viral infection will not cause serious problems.