For those of you who have a history of diabetes, you can consult a gynecologist who is able to observe fetal development and provide special treatment according to your medical history, occasionally you can consult an eye specialist to monitor diabetes-related damage to the small blood vessels in your eye, which can develop during pregnancy. Controlling blood sugar levels is the best way to prevent diabetes complications. During pregnancy blood sugar control should be done more frequently than normal, this is to reduce the risk of miscarriage and stillbirth.
Reducing risk premature birth. The more routine you do blood sugar control, the more you will minimize preterm birth, in addition to reducing the risk of birth defects because good blood sugar control during early pregnancy greatly reduces your baby’s risk of birth defects, especially those that affect the brain, spine and heart. By controlling blood sugar regularly during pregnancy will reduce the risk of overgrowth. If you have poor blood sugar control, extra glucose can cross the placenta. This triggers your baby’s pancreas to make extra insulin, which can cause the baby to grow too large (macrosomia). A large baby makes labor difficult and puts the baby at risk of injury during birth.
For those of you who suffer from diabetes control blood sugar to prevent health complications. Good blood sugar control will reduce the risk of high blood pressure, high blood pressure and excess protein in the urine after 20 weeks of pregnancy as well as for other serious pregnancy complications. What should not escape your attention is that controlling blood sugar will help prevent complications in babies because sometimes babies of mothers with diabetes develop low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) soon after birth because their own insulin production is high. Controlling blood sugar regularly can help you increase blood sugar which is healthy for your baby’s health, as well as a healthy intake of calcium and magnesium in the blood which can help prevent healthy skin and eyes after birth. A healthy lifestyle is very necessary during pregnancy as well as for those of you who suffer from diabetes.
Do some of the following healthy lifestyles to minimize health problems during pregnancy for those who suffer from diabetes.
1. Check your blood sugar levels regularly. Monitoring blood sugar can help you prevent low blood sugar and high blood sugar (hyperglycemia). What you should know is that controlling your blood sugar is the best way to have a healthy pregnancy and prevent complications from the diabetes you suffer from.
2. You must remember the principles of healthy food. Your diabetes diet menu may include fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Although you can eat the same foods as other normal women, your doctor may suggest changing your diet plan to help you avoid problems with low blood sugar or high blood sugar. It’s also important to take vitamins that contain folic acid.
3. Include physical activity in your daily routine. Physical activity is another important part of your diabetes treatment plan, even during pregnancy. The thing you have to remember is that physical activity affects blood sugar. Check your blood sugar before and after any activity, especially if you are on insulin. You may need to snack on or adjust your basal insulin pump level before exercising to help prevent low blood sugar.