Before we give an overview of the food menu baby At the age of 18 months, this time my team of experts will provide an overview of the development of children at the age of 18 months related to physical and psychological abilities as well as nutrition needed by children at 18 months of age.
18 Month Old Child Growth
At the age of 18 months, the child has entered a stable period where height and weight have not changed significantly. Generally, girls aged 18 months reach an average of 11 kg while for boys it can reach 12 kg. Meanwhile, the height itself is not much different, for girls it is 80 cm while for boys it is 82 cm.
Child Development at 18 Months
The development of children in fine motor skills is able to create a tower made of 4 blocks and also write using a pencil even though it is still in the form of vertical and horizontal scribbles. Even other children’s abilities are characterized by the ability to solve problems, in reaching distant toys, you can use sticks to pick up toys.
For speech and language development of children aged 18 months. Children are able to speak 10-15 words, the child’s ability to combine words and also mention more than one part of the child’s body. The next development that is no less important is when the child is able to understand the interlocutor when giving 2-fold commands, namely giving the ball and also wearing shoes.
Health of 18 Months Old Children
For children aged 18 months, the recommendation of the Indonesian pediatrician association for children at this age is to be given DPT vaccine related to diphtheria, whooping cough and also tetabus. Diseases that often attack children such as colds or experiencing respiratory infections.
Even better is to take precautions, including:
Provide ASI at the next 2 years of age by completing immunization status, avoiding children from the reach of dangerous substances, familiarizing children with washing hands using soap and avoiding contact with people with infectious diseases.
Eating Constraints for Children Aged 18 BUlan
At the age of 18 months, the ability to eat on their own, especially using a spoon and a fork is already used. Even though at the age of 18 months children can choose the menu they like and the menu they don’t like. This is an obstacle for parents in serving menus for children aged 18 months.
In children aged 18 months, they can refuse food, for example refusing to eat vegetables. Even though vegetables are a source of nutrients that are important for children’s health, one of which is when children have difficulty defecating, then vegetables are the best choice to complement their fiber needs.
The next obstacle in children aged 18 months is that they are more lazy to chew their food so that they end up eating less, eating more time, while the intake does not match the needs of babies at their age. This condition requires smart mothers to make a diet so that the food given to children is more attractive, increases children’s appetite and completes nutritional value.
Nutritional Needs of Children at the Age of 18 Months
Entering the age of 18 months toddlers will be able to eat solid foods according to the family menu at home. Solid food given to children is accompanied by breast milk. Breastfeeding should be continued until the child is 2 years old. Breastfeeding and food according to the family menu will help complement their nutritional needs.
Applying children’s learning abilities is indeed very good especially if it is done early, 3 large meals combined with 2 to 3 snacks. Giving snacks to children can be varied, including giving fruits. In addition, the child’s meal time should be limited, for example, to 20-30 minutes to eat while 10-20 minutes to eat snacks. Even so, the patience is to face long eating times for children and also foods that are more likely to choose.
Foods that should be avoided in children aged 18 months are foods with low-fat milk, soft drinks, foods that are too acidic and spicy, foods that contain high sugar especially those made from artificial sweeteners or foods that contain lots of MSG. These foods will disturb the health of your child, even if you find toddlers have damaged teeth because they contain too many sweet foods.
Menu for 18 months old children
The food menu for children aged 18 months includes when choosing food ingredients and presentation at meal times. Food ingredients that have high nutritional content are adjusted to the daily nutritional needs of your child, which is important for consumption, besides, because at this age children have started to choose food. It is better if the presentation is created according to the mother’s idea, so that your child still consumes foods that contain foods that contain high nutrition.
The choices of main dishes and snacks for children aged 18 months include:
100 g of spaghetti, boil until soft, then flush with cold water, drain. To make it easier for your child to consume it, you should cut it into pieces
1 teaspoon of olive oil
20 g finely chopped onions
120 g of beef then chopped
1/2 part medium carrot, cut into cubes and then boiled
1/2 tomato, diced too
3 tablespoons of tomato sauce
1/2 teaspoon chopped oregano
1 tablespoon margarine
2 tablespoons of cheese
How to make:
The first step is to mix the boiled saghetti with the addition of olive oil so it doesn’t stick.
2. Make the Bolognese sauce first, heat the margarine then saute the onions until fragrant.
3. Continue to add the chopped meat, stir until the meat changes color.
4. Then add the diced tomatoes and tomato sauce and oregano. Cook until cooked
5. Continue to add the carrots, stir for a while then turn off the heat.
6. For serving suggestions Arrange spaghetti on a plate then sprinkle with sauce and grated cheese
Banana Bread Pudding
Materials and How to Make
3 pieces of white bread
2 Ambon bananas
150 cc of liquid milk or can use formula milk
50 g of grated cheese.
How to make
1. First mash the banana until it is soft, then add the shredded white bread to the mixture.
2. Add also liquid milk and grated cheese.
3. Pour back into the heat-safe bowl. Then steam for about 10-15 minutes.