The taste or soy sauce process on the tongue involves thousands of sensory neurons located on the surface of the tongue and at the very top of the nose (olfactory system). These neurons give signals to the brain the taste of whatever you are eating or tasting. A bitter mouth can be caused by several habits and lifestyle. Like smoking, consumption of drugs, diseases or conditions that can interfere with the taste process. If the cause can be resolved, this bitter taste in the mouth can be eliminated. But before we can get rid of it, we must first identify what causes it.
The cause of the mouth feels bitter
1. Gastric Acid Disorders
A bitter mouth is also closely related to nausea and vomiting (reflux), this condition usually occurs because it is triggered by increased stomach acid. This condition is called Gastro eshophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). The main cause of this gastric acid reflux disease is excessive food consumption, consumption of spicy food, consumption of food at inappropriate times and stress factors. In addition to a bitter mouth, other symptoms that may be felt from this acid reflux disease include a painful stomach, hot chest, bloating, frequent belching, bad breath, sore throat and nausea.
2. Illness or Medical Condition
Patients with certain diseases, such as jaundice (liver or liver), diabetes, cancer or damage to the kidneys, are more prone to develop taste disorders in the mouth.
3. Hormonal Imbalance
An unbalanced increase or decrease in estrogen levels that occur in a woman during her menstrual period or when a woman is pregnant, can cause changes in the taste of the mouth to turn bitter.
4. Inhalation or Inhalation of Substances
Maybe many of you already know that the effects of smoking also have a bad impact on the taste in the mouth, namely the emergence of a sour to bitter taste, so it’s no wonder that smoking can affect your appetite. Other chemicals that are inhaled from time to time that can cause a change in the taste of the tongue are benzene, gasoline and rubber dust.
5. Lack of intake of Vitamin B-12 and Zinc
Lack of intake of vitamin B-12 and zinc will cause the mouth to smell bad and cause the taste to turn bitter.
6. Teeth And Mouth Conditions
A person who has an infection in the mouth, such as suffering from bleeding gums or gingivitis or abscesses and dental diseases such as cavities, is usually also prone to experience a bitter mouth. In addition, dental and oral hygiene can also affect, someone who rarely brushes his teeth regularly, may have an accumulation of bacteria and germs in his mouth, this can also be one of the causes of the mouth to taste bitter.
How to deal with a bitter mouth
In order for a mouth that feels bitter to be resolved, then the exact cause must first be determined, then the necessary steps can be taken to be able to eliminate it. And here are some steps you can follow to overcome a bitter taste in your mouth.
- A bitter taste after eating, caused by indigestion or GERD disease. This can be overcome by regular mealtimes, avoiding fried and spicy foods, and eating less but often compared to eating a lot at once. Besides that, it’s good to consume warm drinks and foods that are fortified, consume foods that contain lots of vitamin B6 and avoid pungent odors.
- Maintain oral hygiene. Gastric acid will be neutralized by alkaline toothpaste, besides that most toothpaste contains mint flavoring which will give a refreshing sensation to the mouth, so whenever the tongue feels bitter after nausea or vomiting, brushing can neutralize it.
- Stop the consumption of drugs that trigger a bitter taste in the mouth. In this case, you should first consult your doctor.
- Quit smoking. Quitting smoking is a bit difficult, but for the sake of health, it’s good if you start trying it slowly.
- Consume citrus fruits or fruit drinks such as orange juice or lemon juice, because consumption of these drinks stimulates saliva production. This will help drain the mouth and reduce the bitter taste on the tongue.
- Increase the consumption of water.
Those are some tips you can do when your tongue feels bitter. Generally, a mouth that tastes bitter is not a very serious condition. It’s just that sometimes these conditions will bother you, for that by following the tips above, maintaining healthy teeth and maintaining a healthy lifestyle is enough to solve this problem. however, if this complaint cannot be resolved, you should immediately seek medical attention for follow-up.