World health agency, WHO strongly recommends giving breast milk to a minimum 6 months old baby. Although some new mothers often experience difficulties, especially if the baby is born prematurely. Babies born prematurely often experience medical problems due to incomplete respiratory, gastrointestinal and heart functions. So that often premature babies need treatment in intensive rooms, he explained, this would make it difficult to provide breastfeeding. Premature babies are babies born less than 37 weeks of age, experiencing low birth weight and even in severe conditions will experience impaired maturity in the development of the baby’s organ function. One of the problems that are often found in premature babies is the instability of the body’s system so that they are at risk of experiencing malnutrition.
The main cause of malnutrition is an increase in the growth rate of the baby which causes high metabolic needs while the reserves in the baby’s body are insufficient. What about breastfeeding premature babies? In mothers who give birth to premature babies will have a different breast milk content from normal mothers, this is because breast milk is a natural body fluid with a composition that changes according to nutritional needs. In the breast milk of premature babies, it was found that the content of cysteine, lipase, taurine, neuclottide was more than that it had greater biovailability to the types of mineral elements.
Here are tips for giving breast milk to babies born prematurely for the first time:
1. Using Medical Assistance
In the condition of premature babies, if necessary, the doctor will use a tool in the form of an auxiliary tube, namely a nasogastric tube which is commonly placed in the baby’s mouth directly into the stomach. The aid from the tube will help the doctor to monitor the level of maturity in the baby’s digestion, so he can see the volume of milk that the baby is able to digest. In addition, it is also to control the occurrence of bleeding in the stomach of premature babies.
2. The volume of breastmilk given is adjusted to the baby’s digestive condition
Giving breast milk to premature babies is not as free as giving to normal babies, this is related to the immature digestion of premature babies, so that the volume of breastfeeding will be given according to the baby’s digestive conditions, of course through the help of doctors to ensure the baby’s digestion.
3. Give breast through a bottle
In a situation where babies born prematurely at 34-35 weeks of gestation will experience a reflex in sucking, so they must need a reflex to suck, one of which is by giving breast milk in a bottle equipped with a pacifier.
4. Recognizing the baby’s normal body temperature
Once your baby has developed their suckling reflex and the baby’s body temperature is normal (no longer has their body temperature dropped), you can teach them to suck breast milk directly.