Bleeding can be classified as light bleeding or heavy bleeding. In addition, the cause can be due to the health condition of the pregnant woman or external influences that burden the pregnant woman. Although every case is not all fatal, to prevent a negative impact on pregnant women, you should take action in consultation with a obstetrician.
The number of pregnant women who are anxious and find it difficult to distinguish normal or abnormal bleeding during pregnancy has prompted my team of staff to provide information about bleeding especially that occurs in second trimester pregnancies. Many mothers ask, isn’t it that in the second trimester the fetus is already strong and miscarriage is impossible, why is there still bleeding? This article will discuss about bleeding that occurs in second trimester pregnant women.
Beware of Second Trimester Conditions of Pregnancy
At the age of pregnancy entering the 4th month to the 6th month of pregnancy. The mother can feel the fetal movement even though it is not so dominant. Even so, pregnant women must remain vigilant in maintaining the second trimeseter pregnancy. Among them in the second trimester can experience spontaneous abortion or miscarriage, bleeding during pregnancy.
Miscarriage does not only occur in the first trimester of pregnancy, even in the second trimester even if the mother’s health conditions and external influences that overload the pregnancy can trigger a miscarriage. Before explaining further about pregnancy, you should identify the conditions to look out for in the second trimester of pregnancy.
In the second trimester, the fetus is already attached firmly, but the mother’s physical condition is increasingly burdened by changes in body posture. So some complaints may occur in the second trimester. Pregnant women often experience fatigue and lethargy. Some pregnant women even need additional supplements because of the lack of iron content to prevent anemia.
Pregnant women in the second trimester of pregnancy must maintain a daily menu pattern to reduce the risk of preeclampsia caused by hypertension before pregnancy or while pregnant. It is also necessary to be aware of some of the environmental conditions of pregnant women associated with exposure to pollution, infrared rays or radiation which will interfere with the development of the fetus. (Also read: Signs of Pregnancy )
Second Trimester Bleeding of Pregnancy
Pregnant women will feel anxious and worried when they experience bleeding. Bleeding needs to be watched out for, but it means making you excessively anxious, causing stress during pregnancy. Normal bleeding that will not have problems often occurs in pregnant women even if only in small presentations.
Meanwhile, pregnant women who experience bleeding in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy may be a sign of serious complications. Bleeding that occurs can be caused by several factors including infection, psychological conditions and husband and wife relationships that trigger bleeding.
The following are the causes of bleeding in the second trimester:
1. Prematurus Imminent
Imminent prematurity, one of the triggers for immature birth, has similar symptoms to imminent abortion. If left unchecked, it will become immature labor where the gestational age lasts only 16-28 weeks, the weight of the fetus will be less than 1000 grams and the fetus is outside the womb.
Meanwhile, if the pregnancy continues until the third trimester, it will cause imminent premature labor, namely pregnancy until the age of 28-37 weeks, the baby’s weight ranges from 1000-2500 grams. The cause of its occurrence is not known with certainty although it is often associated with socioeconomic conditions, congenital diseases of pregnant women, anatomical abnormalities or vaginal infections.
Symptoms experienced by sufferers include ongoing bleeding from mild to severe conditions. In conditions, vaginal bleeding will last for days from red to brown. Patients experience pain such as when menstruating at the waist and spine which is rhythmic. Even experiencing intra-genital infection accompanied by smell and pain on internal examination.
Mole or also known as trophoblast disease which causes abnormal growth of the placenta candidate associated with the tumor. Hydatid mole, also known as grape pregnancy, is a pregnancy in which multiple corinal projections grow in the form of small bubbles that resemble grapes. This disease can even cause pregnant women to experience heavy bleeding. Even if it keeps recurring it will cause anemia. Late treatment will cause mola destruens.
3. Cervical competence
One of the causes of bleeding in pregnant women in the second trimester is cervical incompatibility. In the condition of pregnant women who experience incompetence it can result in premature expulsion. This condition is characterized by the opening of the cervix which experiences thinning before birth. Conditions like this that cause the fetus to be unable to hold and will result in miscarriage and premature birth. This will cause the pregnant woman to experience unbearable pain.
The risk factors for cervical incompetence include trauma or a history of procedures through the cervix and anatomical abnormalities of the cervix. In addition, infection can cause cervical incompetence in pregnant women.
Ultrasound examination and obstetric examinations can be one solution for the condition of pregnant women in the second trimester. So that at the time of ultrasound the baby’s condition can be controlled in the womb. Although not too dangerous, routine checks are needed for indication in the third trimester of pregnancy.
Thus, pregnant women who experience bleeding in the second trimester should be able to consult a gynecologist. You can describe the symptoms experienced during the second trimester of pregnancy. Although not all indicate a miscarriage, you still have to be vigilant that it is one of the danger signs that occur in pregnancy that will threaten the health of pregnant women and the fetus.
Bleeding that occurs in the second trimester will tend to give a sign that the pregnancy you are currently experiencing is having problems. This condition will vary for each pregnant woman. Among the bleeding that often occurs in pregnant women in the second trimester are wine pregnancy, premature birth and cervical disorders. This condition requires medical treatment to determine the condition of the fetus. In addition, the doctor will take measures for your health before delivery.
Bleeding that occurs in the second trimester does not all indicate that you have had a miscarriage, in fact, most of them indicate problems with pregnancy. Recognize the bleeding that occurs, whether the bleeding is light or heavy, pregnant women only experience spots or large bleeding. In addition, you also feel the complaints that you often feel and consult with an obstetrician.