The condition in which a woman is pregnant can cause many significant changes that occur with her body. Conditions like this will also have an impact and influence on the health of pregnant women and babies. Meanwhile, a woman’s immune condition during pregnancy tends to decrease.
This is what makes them vulnerable to disease attacks. For this reason, during pregnancy a woman is required to be able to maintain her health as well as possible. However, still problems always come and attack without permission. As with the emergence of high blood pressure during pregnancy.
Pressure complications high blood pressure in almost 10 percent found in mothers who were pregnant. These incidents in general tend to be more risky when you are carrying twins in the womb. Preeclampsia is the number one cause of death in pregnant women in developing countries. This condition is also a major cause of prenatal mortality and morbidity and is strongly associated with stunted fetal growth.
Meanwhile, preeclampsia when explained in simple language is a medical condition in which the blood pressure level of pregnant women is high and at the same time this condition makes pregnant women experience excess levels of protein in the urine, also known as proteinuria. Now, for more details, let’s understand together what preeclampsia is below.
Get to know preeclampsia
High blood pressure or hypertension during pregnancy is actually a common condition and most pregnant women will develop the same condition. Generally, this condition will return to normal or return to normal when pregnant women give birth to their babies.
A person can be said to be stricken with preeclampsia when the size of the blood pressure is above 130/90 mmHg where the normal size of the blood pressure for pregnant women in this condition is 120/80 mmHg. Preeclampsia can generally occur in pregnant women who are more than 20 weeks old.
During pregnancy, the mother’s blood pressure should be at a normal or low level. Why? This is because when a woman is pregnant her body will automatically thin and increase her blood volume naturally.
This condition occurs so that your body can pass more oxygen from food juices to the fetus more easily. In addition, the increased blood volume can serve as preparation for the birth process (in which case the mother will bleed a lot) so that in time the mother will not experience a lack of blood. Related article: Beware of Dangers of Hypertension for the Health of Organs in the Body
In addition to measuring blood pressure and urine tests, pregnant women who experience this condition will also experience several symptoms, including:
- Swelling of the feet
- Eyes that feel lightheaded
Some of the conditions above can indicate that a pregnant woman has preeclampsia, which requires immediate medical attention. It should be noted, preeclampsia conditions that do not get medical attention quickly will probably make this condition develop further at a dangerous stage, namely the condition of eclampsia. Then what is the impact of the dangers of preeclampsia on the health of the mother and fetus? Let’s take a look below.
Effects of Preeclampsia on Mother and Fetus
The condition of rising high blood pressure accompanied by excess protein that comes out with urine makes pregnant women need to immediately consult this problem with a doctor. Because in general, preeclampsia will have a dangerous impact on the health of both the mother and the fetus in the womb. We can see some of these dangers below.
Effects of Preeclampsia on Mothers
Women who have high blood pressure during pregnancy are at higher risk for complications of pregnancy, birth and even during the puerperium. This increased risk applies to the fetus and pregnant women.
Pregnant women who suffer from high blood pressure can be divided into two groups, namely, normotensive women who experience preeclamptic syndrome. In pregnant women who suffer from this condition they will experience symptoms or signs such as hypertension, proteinuria and endema. Meanwhile, the second is pregnant women with chronic hypertension or hypertension at a more severe stage where they are at higher risk for developing preeclampsia.
It is important to know that preeclampsia is a serious complication condition of high blood pressure that occurs during pregnancy. However, it does not mean that the cause of this condition is hypertension. But this condition can occur as part of a disorder caused by the presence of the placenta in the uterus of pregnant women. The condition of preeclampsia can appear on the start of an abnormal placenta and that is why this condition can cause various other problems related to the vascular system.
Preeclampsia has an impact on kidney health and function in pregnant women. This condition may also be made more complicated by the appearance of seizures as a continuation of preeclampsia, namely eclampsia. The greatest danger of this condition is if HELP syndrome appears (Hemolysis, Elevated Liver Enzimes and Low Platelet Count) or hemolysis, a condition that decreases blood platelets, increases in liver enzymes and many more.
It is necessary to know that the HELP syndrome that accompanies preeclampsia can cause death in pregnant women associated with increased blood pressure. This condition will also hamper the fetus, especially when it is born into the world. Premature birth is a very worrying impact.
Effect of Preeclampsia on Fetus
The impact of preeclampsia that is not treated immediately can make the fetus malnourished due to uteroplacental vascular deficiency which slowly if this condition persists it will lead to impaired fetal growth.
The long and short term effects of this condition can also give birth defects problems. The health of the fetus as well as its body weight will be very disturbed where this condition will lead to various levels of health conditions such as fetal morbidity and even in certain conditions this will cause death to the fetus before birth.
Things like this of course would be very scary, especially if the mother was so waiting for the presence of your little one for a long time. For that, immediately overcome the preeclampsia condition that attacks by always consulting the mother’s health condition to the nearest doctor or midwife.
In addition, the increase in blood pressure in the body is generally difficult to detect. This is because there are no specific signs or symptoms that can occur from this condition. For this reason, the only way that can be done to treat this condition is to routinely carry out blood pressure measurement tests in the body.
Therefore, it is very important to regularly consult with the medical team regarding the health of pregnant women. This is solely done for the sake of preventing and early detection of the health condition of pregnant women better. So hopefully this discussion will be useful and will provide you with the sufficient information you need.