As for the question that can be an illustration for all of us, it is important to do a cervical cancer vaccine, considering that cervical cancer is the second type of cancer that can threaten women. The spread of cervical cancer can be due to unhealthy sexual relations, a partner can be one of the transmitters of the virus causes cervical cancer, so prevention must be done, is it true by using the cervical cancer vaccine?
Below is an explanation of the cervical cancer vaccine that can be knowledgeable for those of you who are wondering about the cervical cancer vaccine:
What is Human Papilloma Virus?
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is the name given to the virus family. Various types of HPV are classified as either high risk or low risk, depending on the condition, one of which is a virus that can cause cervical cancer. For example, some types of HPV can cause warts or verrucas. Other types associated with cervical cancer.
In 99% of cases, cervical cancer occurs as a result of a history of infection with high-risk strains of HPV. Often, HPV infection does not cause cervical cancer symptomsSo it is difficult to distinguish between infected patients and normal conditions. Recently, it was discovered that cervical cancer has entered its final stage, this is what causes cervical cancer to trigger other health problems.
Prevention that is done so as not to develop cervical cancer is by having healthy sex, not changing partners and maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Women who smoke can increase the risk of cervical cancer as well as women who frequently consume illegal drugs will increase the risk of cervical cancer.
In addition to prevention taken to stop the spread of the HPV virus that causes cervical cancer, cervical cancer vaccines can also be carried out which aims to protect against HPV infection.
What is the cervical cancer vaccine for?
Different types of HPV, which are spread through sexual contact, cause the majority of cervical cancer cases. Two cervical cancer vaccines have Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval in the US – Gardasil, for girls and boys, and Cervarix, for girls only. Both vaccines can prevent most cases of cervical cancer if given before a girl or woman catches the virus.
In addition, both can prevent vaginal and vulvar cancer in women, and Gardasil can prevent genital warts and anal cancer in women and men. In theory, vaccinating boys against HPV could also help protect against the virus by decreasing transmission.
To whom should the cervical cancer vaccine be given?
The cervical cancer vaccine is recommended for girls and boys ages 11 to 12, although it can be given from age 9. It is very important for girls and boys to receive the vaccine before they have sexual contact and are exposed to HPV infection. Once infected with HPV, the vaccine may be ineffective or may not work at all. Also, the response to vaccines is better at a young age than at an old age.
If the three-dose vaccine series is not completed by ages 11 to 12, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that girls and women up to age 26 and boys and boys up to age 21 receive the vaccine. However, men can receive the HPV vaccine up to age 26 if desired.
Both vaccines are given as a series of three shots within six months. The second dose is given one to two months after the first dose, and the third dose is given six months after the first dose.
Who shouldn’t get the cervical cancer vaccine?
The cervical cancer vaccine is not recommended for pregnant women or people who are very or very sick. You can tell your doctor if you have any severe allergies, including allergies to yeast or latex. Also, if you already have a life-threatening allergic reaction to a vaccine component or a previous dose of the vaccine, you shouldn’t get the vaccine.
Is the cervical cancer vaccine useful in people who are already sexually active?
It’s possible that, even if you already have HPV, you could still benefit from the vaccine. However, Gardasil and Cervarix do not treat HPV infection and only protect you from certain strains of HPV that you have not been exposed to.
Does the cervical cancer vaccine carry any health risks or side effects?
Overall, the effects are usually mild. The most common side effects of both HPV vaccines include pain at the injection site (arm), headache and low-grade fever. Sometimes dizziness or fainting occurs after the injection. Staying seated for 15 minutes after injection can reduce the risk of fainting. In addition, Cervarix may also cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or stomach upset. The CDC and FDA continue to monitor vaccines for unusual or severe problems.
Do women who have received the cervical cancer vaccine still need to have a Pap test?
Even though you have done the cervical cancer vaccine, you still have to do a Pap test. The cervical cancer vaccine is not meant to replace the Pap test. Routine screening for cervical cancer through regular Pap smears remains an important part of women’s preventive health care.
What can you do to protect yourself from cervical cancer if you are not in the recommended vaccine age group?
Infection from HPV is spread through sexual contact so that to protect yourself from HPV, do not have intercourse with multiple partners, do not have sex outside of marriage before being tested. The possibility for men to be able to spread HPV infection because they have had intercourse with a woman infected with HPV then having sex with his wife, there is a risk of cervical cancer. Besides, don’t smoke. Smoking doubles the risk of cervical cancer. Doing a healthy lifestyle can have an effect on reducing the risk of cervical cancer.
Thus the HPV vaccine is only one prevention that can be done to prevent Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) while other preventive conditions can be done by adopting a healthy lifestyle and not having intercourse at an early age, changing partners and reducing bad habits such as drinking alcohol and also reducing smoking habits in women. This will reduce the risk of cervical cancer, besides that health checks related to reproduction are important to do. The Pap Smear is a test that can be done to find out the HPV virus infection. ( Read: How to Treat Cervical Cancer )