Here are some important minerals that pregnant women need to fulfill:
Iron is a substance that is present in the human body which is related to the availability of blood which can carry oxygen to body cells. The need for iron (Fe) in pregnant women every month has increased. It is caused by increased hormones in pregnant women and the formation of the placenta. The need for iron (Fe) in adult women reaches 26 mg per day. This iron functions as a conductor of oxygen and the formation of energy. Nutritional requirements (fe) for pregnant women:
- 1st trimester : early pregnancy, pregnant women do not need increased nutritional needs. Needs the same as women ranging from 26 mg per day.
- 2nd trimester : during this trimester the nutritional needs of pregnant women increase by 9 mg per day.
- Trimester 3 : usually increases to 9 mg daily.
Iron needs are found in eggs, fish, meat, liver, fruit, vegetables, nuts and milk. This is important for maintaining pregnancy, and preventing anemia. If with food, the needs of pregnant women are still not fulfilled, it is advisable to consult with an obstetrician. If necessary, you can ask your doctor for additional vitamins.
Iodine is a nutrient that is essential for the formation of thyroid hormones. This thyroid hormone is very important for the development of the baby’s brain. The fetus will experience cretinism if when you were pregnant you were deficient in iodine. In addition, iodine is important for brain growth in the fetus and prevents the risk of miscarriage. Iodine is very easy to find in the daily diet, you can find it in iodized salt, fish, shrimp, seaweed, shellfish and milk.
Increased need for calcium in pregnant women, due to meeting the needs and growth of the fetus. Every day the fetus collects 20-30 mg of calcium from the mother. If the baby is deficient in calcium, he will absorb calcium directly from the mother’s bones. Fulfill 1000 mg of calcium per liver, calcium is found in milk, 1-2 pieces of cheese, broccoli, a cup of yogurt, sardines, salmon, and so on. These foods are very important to prevent pre-eclampsia, muscle growth, heart, nervous, enzyme systems in the fetus, and reduce the risk of poisoning in pregnant women. Thus, pregnant women must increase their consumption of foods that contain calcium so that your bone calcium is not absorbed by the baby.
Zinc (Zn) is an essential mineral for humans which is essential for the health of mothers and babies. Zinc (Zn) functions as the immune system or immunity, growth in the fetus also helps growth in the central nervous system. The zinc (Zn) content in seafood is important for boosting immunity in pregnant women and fetuses. Be careful in choosing seafood, some seafood
will make you and your baby health disturbed because of the mercury content.