Meanwhile, child development, which describes an increase in the maturity of individual functions. The growth and development of children should be properly cared for and maintained, because these two things are important indicators in measuring a child’s health status, which in turn will also affect the quality of life of the child. Meanwhile, the golden period in children is a term where at this time children experience very critical and rapid growth and development. This period occurs during the toddler age in children, the golden period is very important for children because it cannot be repeated.
As revealed by a child specialist that at this stage, children have the ability to absorb information up to 100%, besides that the child’s brain also functions very well. In order to optimize children’s development in their golden age, they need a lot of stimulation from the environment, especially their parents. Besides that, nutritional needs are also important to always pay attention to, so that it grows well.
Keep nutrition and nutrition intake is the most important thing that parents should always care for and pay attention to, in order to optimize the growth and development of the baby. Good nutritional intake can help maintain the immune system in their bodies so they are not susceptible to disease. In addition, the intake of certain nutrients can stimulate brain development in children, which means that it can optimize their brain function.
There are several factors that can affect a child’s developmental body, including environmental factors and genetic factors. Genetic factors are the basic foundation in achieving the final result in the process of child development. A child who has good genetic potential, it is better if he is able to interact with a good environment so that he can get optimal results.
Meanwhile, environmental factors that can affect a child’s growth and development are divided into two parts, namely environmental factors that can influence it when the child is still in the womb or known as prenatal factors such as nutrition of the mother during pregnancy, radiation, trauma and others. And the last factor is environmental factors that can affect the development of children when they have been born into the world which is also known as postnatal factors such as age, stimulation, sensitivity to disease, health care, affection given, learning motivation, quality of interactions between children. with parents, and much more.
On the other hand, the role of parents in the physical and psychological development of children or milestones so that they can be passed properly and the maximum results for children are also very much needed. Psychologists advise parents to always provide appropriate assistance for children at this time. Parents are asked to be able to position themselves, when they function as parents, friends or playmates. These three roles are needed according to the child’s age development. In addition, parents must also be good at monitoring. When to watch from afar, near and when to give trust to children, because basically every child grows and develops differently.
For children whose talents have emerged from an early age, of course, parents must be able to provide space for children to develop. For example, when doodling becomes your little one’s hobby, give him space and time to play and explore with his hobby. However, in the next stage and period, achievement in children needs to be taken into account, because at the age of 6 to 12 years children need success in order to foster their self-confidence.
The stage of a child’s growth does not only occur physically and motorically, but also psychologically. The psychological growth of children will not be seen in contrast as in physical changes, psychological growth tends to be felt more than seen. Just as children will be more independent as they get older. Children who experience psychological growth will tend to be more independent and have a desire to do things they can do on their own, such as starting to grow awareness of helping their parents.
But besides that, this independence can be shown in other ways such as the smarter the children argue and speak, even the children often argue against the words of their parents or even advise their parents on the contrary, in this phase parents are often made nervous and worried if the habit of arguing it is sustainable.
Meanwhile, to deal with milestones in a child’s psychological development, the case encountered is a growth that leads to the child’s independent behavior such as he likes to make his own bed, put toys in his place, is able to bathe himself and so on. Give praise when children do well. This is a way to cultivate self-confidence. Because in this golden age children will be very sensitive to various stimuli and influences from outside. For this reason, good parenting is crucial for shaping your child’s personality.