One of the most common killer diseases affecting Indonesian society today is diabetes. Many people feel worried and afraid that the condition that attacks the disease will affect their body and make them unable to carry out activities as usual. This disease, which is more influenced by lifestyle and poor diet, is indeed one of the most frightening triggers of death. Generally, diabetes affects more people at an older age. However, currently, not a few of those who are still in their productive age experience similar disease conditions.
Initially, many people do not realize that they have diabetes. In some developed countries such as America, for example, out of 16 million around 7 million people, they just found out that they have diabetes and started experiencing complications in various organs. Meanwhile, in Asian countries, more than 50% and even more diabetics experience the same thing.
Age 40 years and over, a history of hereditary diseases and a body that is too fat are some of the main factors for a person suffering from this disease with another title of diabetes. So what exactly is diabetes? For more details, let’s look at the discussion below.
What Is Diabetes
Diabetes (diabetes mellitus) is a long-term or chronic disease that occurs when blood sugar (glucose) levels are far above normal. In the body, the presence of glucose plays a very important role for our health because glucose acts as the main energy source for the brain and the cells that make up the muscles and tissues in our bodies.
This disease has two main types, namely type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Indonesia itself is one of the 10 largest countries with diabetes. In 2013 alone, people with diabetes in Indonesia are estimated to have reached 8.5 million people with an age range of adults and elderly people, from 20 to 79 years. This data is quoted from the International Diabetes Federation. However, less than 50% of them are not aware of it.
Symptoms of Diabetes
It is very important for each individual to know the early symptoms of any disease that attacks the body, including diabetes. This is because early detection will certainly save you from the worst conditions of the disease that attacks you. Both for those who are at high risk or those who feel healthy or do not have a family history of suffering from similar diseases.
Type 1 diabetes can develop more rapidly in just a few weeks. even in a few days. While many people with type 2 diabetes do not realize that they have actually been suffering from this disease for years. This happens because in general the symptoms of diabetes are not very specific. Some of the symptoms of type 1 and 2 diabetes can include:
- Urinating frequently, especially at night
- Often feel thirsty
- Extreme hunger
- Reduced muscle mass
- Excessive weight loss that occurs but for reasons that are not clear.
- There are ketones in urine. Ketones are another product of metabolism in the form of muscle and fat which occurs when insulin production in the body is insufficient
- It’s easy to feel tired or tired that often happens
- Wounds that are long healing
- Often have infections, such as infections of the gums, bladder, urinary tract or on the skin.
If you or someone closest to you shows the symptoms above, have this condition checked by a doctor immediately. Early detection of this disease will allow the sufferer to prevent the worsening of the diabetes condition that is being experienced.
The Effect of Insulin and Diabetes Hormones
In the body, all cells in the human body will need glucose to be able to carry out their daily activities and carry out their activities normally. Sugar levels in the blood can generally be controlled by a hormone called insulin, which is produced by the pancreas, which is an organ located at the back of the stomach. However, the pancreas organ of diabetics is no longer able to produce the amount of insulin according to their body needs.
Without insulin, the cells in the body will not be able to absorb and process glucose into energy. Thus, in general diabetes sufferers they will be very limited in consuming a number of foods with high glucose content, even rice consumption will be measured during the diabetes management process.
Diabetes Risk in Pregnant Women
Make no mistake, sometimes diabetes can attack pregnant women. There are some women who have very high blood glucose levels during pregnancy. So that this condition makes their bodies unable to produce liquid insulin to absorb it properly. Diabetes known as gestational diabetes can occur in about 15 to 18 people out of as many as 100 pregnant women.
Pregnant women who suffer from type 1 diabetes will also have a high enough risk. This is because this condition will have an impact on the health of the mother and the fetus in her womb. For this reason, it is very important for diabetes sufferers who are pregnant to be able to maintain a good balance of sugar in their blood. Given this condition, pregnant women need to adopt a healthy and balanced diet.
Mothers who are pregnant should be wiser and more careful in monitoring blood sugar levels, especially in the second trimester of pregnancy, which is around the 14th to 26th week of pregnancy. It is during this time that gestational diabetes will generally develop and then disappear after the mother gives birth.
However, in women who have previously had gestational diabetes in general, it will be about 3 times more likely to increase the risk of diabetes than the general population. For this reason, pregnant women need to really give full attention so that this disease condition can be avoided properly.
For that, avoid consuming foods with a high glucose content. Because this condition will greatly affect the blood sugar in your body. Implementing a diet that is healthy and low in sugar is the first step in supporting your health and preventing the bad possibilities of this disease condition.
Those are some things that can be conveyed from the explanation of this article. Hopefully watching this explanation can increase your awareness of health so that you can better protect your body from being exposed to disease. Paying attention to a healthy diet and lifestyle is certainly the beginning of a wise prevention against exposure to diseases that might attack your body.
So hopefully this article can be useful and provide enough information that you need. See you back in other discussions.