Herpes disease is the name of a group of Herpesviridae viruses that can infect humans. Herpes virus infection can be characterized by the presence of skin blisters and dry skin, which appear on the body. The most well-known type of virus is the herpes simplex virus or often referred to as HSV. Herpes disease can cause infection in the mouth, face and even genitals.
What is herpes?
Herpes is a disease that appears characterized by the presence of red, fluid-filled skin blisters. This disease is a type of long-term disease. This virus is able to survive in the sufferer’s body for life. Some natural remedies and medicines from doctors can relieve symptoms and shorten the healing time.
Division of the herpesviridae virus group
Herpes is divided into several groups. So, what are the groups of these viruses? Here’s the explanation.
This group of virus types has a short self-replicating life cycle. This has the potential to become hidden, and the infection can even reappear in nerve cells. Examples of this type of group are HSV types 1 and 2, and the varicella zoster virus.
This group of viruses has a long multiplication life cycle. This infection will run slowly in the human body. Examples of viruses in this group are cytomegalovirus and herpesvirus types 6 and 7.
Examples of this type of viral infection are the epstein barr virus and human herpesvirus type 8.
Herpes infection stages
This condition usually appears and occurs in several stages. Following are the details of the stages of the infection.
Primary stage can occur during the second to eighth day after the herpes infection occurs. The symptoms that appear at this stage are the appearance of blisters or skin blisters. The blister will be small but very painful. Blisters generally contain a clear or cloudy liquid.
The fluid will break open and can cause open sores. The blistered area will turn red.
In the latent stage, the symptoms that arise in the primary stage will scab and subside. However, at this stage the virus is in fact spreading to the nerves, adjacent to the spinal cord through the skin.
At this stage, the virus will spread and multiply, on the nerves of the body organs at the ends. At this stage, there are generally no symptoms that appear and are felt for the sufferer.
At this stage of frequency, the blisters on the skin that occurred in the first stage will appear again. However, they are generally not as severe as previous skin scabs and blisters. Common symptoms include gata, tingling, and pain in the infected area in the first stage.
Also Read: Overcoming Herpes In Children
Viruses Causes and Symptoms of Herpes
The most common group is the herpesvirus alpha group. Here we summarize the causes and symptoms that appear.
HSV type 1
Herpes Simplex Type 1 virus is a virus that can spread very quickly. This condition generally occurs with oral or oral herpes. However, herpes is also capable of causing genital or genital herpes. HSV can be transmitted through direct contact with a person who has the disease.
For example, when kissing a baby, using utensils at the same time, and using cosmetics. HSV can be transmitted from an infected person, to a healthy person without any symptoms.
Common symptoms that can be caused by this type of herpes are:
- The presence of fever, pain in the muscles, and the body will quickly weaken.
- The appearance of itching, burning pain, and a stabbing feeling in the infected area.
- The appearance of skin blisters that will crack and dry up within a few days
- A broken blister will result in painful sores.
HSV type 2
This type of herpes is a disease that causes genital or genital herpes. This virus is able to spread through direct contact with people who have suffered wounds. Can be transmitted through sexual contact. In addition, this virus is capable of being transmitted from mother to baby during delivery.
HSV type 1 and HSV type 2 are capable of becoming latent infections of nerve cells. This condition can reappear when the sufferer experiences fever, stress, injury and even menstruation. HSV type 2 will be easier to infect someone if:
- Frequently changing sexual partners
- Have a low immune system
- Experiencing other sexual diseases besides herpes
- Having sexual intercourse at a young age
Symptoms that may appear generally include:
- The presence of itching
- Pain when urinating
- Discharge from the vagina
- The presence of a lump in the groin area
- The presence of painful sores on the pubic area, anus, buttocks and thighs.
- In men, this condition can cause the skin on the penis to become dry, itchy and sore.
Varicella-zoster This virus is a type of herpesviridae alpha group virus. This virus causes chicken pox and shingles. Chicken pox can occur when this virus infects a child for the first time. Meanwhile, the zooster virus will occur when chicken pox has healed but there is still the virus in the body.
The virus is latent and will reappear. VZV is generally transmitted through direct contact with a person who has chickenpox. This condition causes a nodule on the patient’s skin. The nodule contains a liquid which is an intermediary for transmission. A person will be easily infected if:
- 12 years old and under
- Having a problematic immune system
- Have had direct contact with someone with chickenpox
- Work in a special place for children
- Live with children
Herpes zoozter can happen to anyone and at any age. Especially those who have had chicken pox before.
Also Read: Beware of Herpes Zoster Skin Disease
Diagnosis of Herpes
Herpes can be diagnosed through an entire physical examination first. The doctor will check for scabs during a physical exam, as well as ask about symptoms. In addition, to help diagnose additional tests such as antibody tests and herpes simplex virus culture.
You can do several ways to prevent the spread of the herpes virus. Here are the steps:
- Avoid physical contact with other people, especially direct contact with sores caused by herpes
- Wash your hands regularly
- Apply antiviral drugs
- Avoid using items that spread the virus, such as eating utensils.
- Avoid sexual activity
Treatment of herpes is focused on removing blisters, as well as preventing their
spread. In addition, giving antiviral oats can also reduce the occurrence of complications caused by herpes. Some of the antiviral drugs that can be used are:
However, to reduce the pain that appears, you can do some tips. Here are the tips:
- Take pain relievers such as paracetamol or ibuprofen.
- Apply a warm compress to the infected skin area
- Use clothes made of cotton
- Wear loose clothing
- Keep the area clean and dry
If some of these medications have no effect on healing, consult a doctor immediately. Hope it is useful.