Still in the same article on the heartcenter.co.id site, it is written that congenital heart disease can actually be detected before birth (in the womb). In the first trimester of pregnancy, babies with congenital heart disease can be detected because the heart has begun to form at 8-12 weeks of gestation, even at the end of the first trimester the heart is fully formed.
Although congenital heart disease can be detected before birth, it is still difficult to distinguish between babies born with a healthy heart or with congenital heart disease. This requires further medical examination. On this occasion, my team will discuss congenital heart disease in children regarding the understanding of heart disease in children, the condition of children with congenital heart disease, symptoms and causes of congenital heart disease and treatments that can be done for children who have congenital heart disease.
Definition of Congenital Heart Disease
Heart disease is included in the silent killer category, you have to be aware of it. Likewise with heart disease in children. As we all know, the heart is an organ that has an important role in maintaining blood circulation so that it remains stable. This is related to the body’s need to supply oxygen and nutrients needed by children.
In children who have congenital heart disease, there is a heart defect in which there is a hollow heart structure (defect in the heart chamber), narrowing, abnormal configuration of the heart and blood vessels. In children who have congenital heart disease structural abnormalities can be single or a complex combination.
Children with congenital heart disease are divided into two types, namely blue congenital heart disease (cyanotic) and non-cyanotic congenital heart disease. Blue congenital heart disease causes the child to experience a bluish color on the mucous membranes and skin, especially on the tips of the limbs and tongue / lips. Meanwhile, children who experience non-cyanotic congenital heart disease are characterized by shortness of time during activities, experience swelling of the face, abdomen and limbs and even interfere with growth.
Congenital heart disease can be recognized from birth or minimal symptoms that specifically lead to congenital heart disease. So the detection and identification of congenital heart disease is very important for treatment. This is because some babies with congenital heart disease do not give a sign considering that the respiratory system and blood circulation are transitioning to perfection.
Condition of Children with Congenital Heart Disease
Congenital heart disease is caused due to congenital heart defects that are present at birth. Children with congenital heart disease in moderate to severe cases have problems where the child experiences the following conditions:
- Children have problems with weight where the weight gain does not match their age.
- When the child is still an infant, the child has difficulty doing activities even when breastfeeding. The baby looks tired with cold sweat.
- Children who have congenital heart disease are at high risk of developing respiratory tracts.
- Children who have cyanotic congenital heart disease often experience undetected anemia.
Given the condition of children suffering from congenital heart disease, the environment is very important. Your role as a parent is a very important main role. In children who have congenital heart disease, they must get optimal nutritional intake. Most children with congenital heart disease have difficulty receiving nutritional intake so that nutritional interventions are needed. Whereas children under 6 months can be given hindmilk, which is breast milk that comes out 2-3 minutes after the first breast milk with a higher calorie content.
Whereas for preschool and school-age children, their physical activity must be considered. However, special attention does not mean hindering children’s development. Children with congenital heart disease are still playing, socializing and showing their strengths. The role of parents in children with congenital heart disease is needed for long-term monitoring and monitoring of children’s development.
Symptoms and Causes of Congenital Heart Disease
Symptoms of children with congenital heart disease are often overwhelmed while on the move. However, this is a common symptom that cannot be concluded that a child has congenital heart disease. The specific symptoms that lead to congenital heart disease in children, namely:
- Children experience blue in the mouth and tips of the feet and hands, although children with non-cyanotic congenital heart disease are not very visible.
- Experiencing shortness of breath when doing light activity. Children who suffer from congenital heart disease often complain of chest pain and difficulty in activities. When breathing, they can see a hollow in the chest because they are too deep to take a breath.
- Experiencing stunted growth and even weight gain is often found then weight becomes sluggish.
While the cause of congenital heart disease in children is a disorder accompanied by TORCH infection when the child is in the womb. However, other causes may still occur, such as experiencing risk factors, family inheritance, genetic conditions or due to unhealthy lifestyles carried out by parents. The main cause of congenital heart disease is difficult to determine, mostly influenced by causes that are difficult to know.
Treatment of Congenital Heart Disease in Children
If the child experiences symptoms that lead to congenital heart disease, consult a doctor immediately. Checks for the diagnosis of childhood diseases are needed to determine whether the child has congenital heart disease. Detection and identification is important to know the treatment to be carried out.
Congenital heart disease in children requires:
- X-ray examination.
- Examination of the heart’s electrical records.
- Cardiac ultrasound examination to determine structural abnormalities of the heart in children.
- ST-SCAN and Angiography examination.
In congenital heart disease, surgery can be performed immediately after the child is born or only requires monitoring until the child is an adult. At this time congenital heart disease can be corrected through surgery or non-surgery.
Thus the prevention of congenital heart disease in children can be prevented when the child is in the womb even though only a few ask for a fetal heart examination. A heart examination in a fetus is only carried out if symptoms of congenital heart disease in the fetus are suspected.