Leukemia knows no age even most leukemia sufferers are children. It is more worrying that the symptoms of leukemia are difficult to recognize and even the cause is not certain. In Indonesia, children who suffer from leukemia reach up to 60 percent and they are only known after entering an advanced stage. From these cases, parents must be able to recognize health changes that are symptoms of leukemia at an early stage to assist in treatment so that the hope of recovery is greater. In this article we will discuss about leukemia in children, the causes of leukemia in children, symptoms of leukemia in children and also the stages of stages in children with leukemia.
Leukemia in children
Leukemia comes from the Greek language, namely leukos which means white and aima which means blood. Leukemia according to the meaning quoted from wikipedia.org is a disease that is included in the classification of cancer that occurs in the blood and spinal cord. The patient experiences an abnormal condition where the malignant transformation of the forming cells in the bone marrow and lymphoid tissue multiplies. This abnormal cell condition causes it to leave the marrow and is found in the peripheral blood. The occurrence of abnormal conditions in the cells that causes the process of normal blood cell formation and impaired immunity. Leukemia is a type of cancer that affects many children. Children with leukemia often look pale and bleed.
Causes and Symptoms of Leukemia in Children
Leukemia occurs due to excess production of cells in the blood found in the bone marrow. This condition causes abnormal cell growth. The main cause of leukemia in children has not been found, but experts attribute the following factors to leukemia:
- The child has an inherited disorder or has a problem with the immune system
- Have identical siblings or twins who have leukemia
- Children who are exposed to high levels of radiation, dangerous chemicals such as benzene and chemotherapy
- Children who have had an organ transplant
- Viruses that can cause leukemia such as leukemia viruses or retroviruses.
While the symptoms in children suffering from leukemia are as follows:
1. Experiencing pale
Children who experience pallor are often associated with anemia. Children with leukemia often experience anemia, which is also characterized by a pale face, weakness and fatigue.
2. The child has a prolonged fever
Children who have a prolonged fever caused by white blood cells that are not functioning properly. Fever and infection can be early signs of leukemia. Fever that is a sign of leukemia is often at a temperature of 38 degrees Celsius and often occurs in children.
3. Experiencing swelling
The first symptom of a child with leukemia is swelling of the lymph nodes. Swelling is often seen in the chest, armpits and neck. The swelling in a child with leukemia lasts several days.
4. The child has bone pain
Children complain of bone pain without cause, even worse because of abnormal white blood cells in the bone marrow.
5. Easy bleeding and bruising
Children with leukemia often bleed and bruise easily due to blood clots. In fact, often experience nosebleed, bleeding gums and red rash on the body.
Leukemia Stage in Children
In certain types of cancer have different stages, however medical experts use the basic TNM system in determining the stage of the cancer. The TNM extension, namely T, describes the primary tumor with a condition where the tumor can be sizeless, there is no evidence of tumor, cancer has not spread or the size of the tumor is present on it. evel invasion of cancer in tissue. The definition of N is a depiction of the spread of cancer to the surrounding lymph nodes, while M is a metastatic depiction of the spread of cancer to the surrounding area. By using a cancer stage, it is easy for doctors to diagnose cancer.
The following are the stages of the cancer stage:
This stage is an early symptom of cancer which is characterized by abnormal cells in the body.
Leukemia at an early stage will only be realized if the child has bleeding. If in a normal child the wound from the body will quickly clot so that blood flow stops, while in a child who has leukemia, cell disorders occur. If a child with leukemia experiences bleeding, it will be difficult to stop so that they will experience a lack of blood due to difficult clotting. Even in children who have leukemia, pink blood is found which indicates the early symptoms of leukemia.
Leukemia that enters stage 2 and stage 3 is often called an advanced stage. Most of those who suffer from blood cancer are found to have entered an advanced stage. Treatment at an advanced stage will make the patient experience a heavy phase. Support from the environment is needed in the treatment stage to increase motivation in children. At this advanced stage treatment can be given using targeted therapy and does not replace chemotherapy. The goal of providing targeted therapy is for patients to be operated on so that cancer cells that spread can be prevented so that the tumor becomes small and can be cut.
The spread of cancer cells has generally spread to the lymph nodes causing lumps. Even so, treatment must be pursued to reduce the pain experienced by sufferers. In stage 3 children will experience anemia where lumps will still appear even in certain parts of the organs will experience swelling. Even some organs will experience abnormalities due to leukemia. Organs that have malfunctioning include the kidneys and heart. Even though these two organs are vital organs in the body that have the main function.
Patients with end-stage leukemia have characteristics such as frequent bleeding and even excessive wounds. Children often have infections, experience shortness of breath. Even people with stage 4 leukemia experience a pale face due to acute anemia. Organ damage is getting worse even in the vital organs of people with leukemia.
Thus early detection by observing the early symptoms of leukemia sufferers will help to maximize treatment and increase the hope of a child suffering from leukemia. Get checked if you find symptoms that point to the symptoms of leukemia in children.