As women age, women will experience a deficiency in the hormone estrogen, which causes calcium in the body to be released more easily and bones become porous. This is what makes women more susceptible to osteoporosis. In this article, we will discuss osteoporosis. Osteoporosis in women and how to prevent it to reduce the risk of developing osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis, known as the silent epidemic, is because it does not have specific symptoms for the sufferer. Even sufferers do not realize that they suffer from osteoporosis, this is because calcium and bone experience a process of loss silently without experiencing complaints and take place progressively.
According to WHO, osteoporosis is a systematic bone disease with a decrease in bone density, quality and mass, resulting in brittle bones and fractures. Symptoms experienced by people with osteoporosis are not specific. Patients often complain of pain in the bones and back. In addition, fractures that commonly occur in the spine, wrists or hips can increase osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis In Women
Osteoporosis in women is triggered by changes in the hormone estrogen. The following are some types of osteoporosis experienced by women:
1. Postmenopausal osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is influenced by the hormone estrogen, which inhibits the transport of calcium that is carried to the bones. In general, it often occurs in women aged 51-57 years, although it can appear more quickly if the need for calcium and vitamin D is not sufficient. Women who are at risk of postmenopausal osteoporosis are mostly skinned women and women in the eastern part.
2. Senile osteoporosis
This type of osteoporosis is caused due to a lack of calcium, so women who have senile osteoporosis have an age imbalance with bone formation. Generally occurs at the age of 70 years and over and is very vulnerable to occur in women.
3. secondary osteoporosis
Apart from the two causes above, which are influenced by the hormone estrogen and calcium deficiency, women can also experience secondary osteoporosis due to medical conditions. This disease is caused due to kidney failure and hormonal disorders as well as due to the influence of drugs. Even for women who do not have a healthy lifestyle (consuming alcohol and smoking) it can cause secondary osteoporosis twice.
Osteoporosis Prevention and Treatment
All women need calcium and vitamin D. Meanwhile, postmenopausal women can consult a doctor so as to slow down the occurrence of osteoporosis. One of them is by using alendronate which has a function in reducing bone absorption in women undergoing menopause, increasing bone mass and pelvic bone and then finally having a function in reducing the incidence of fractures.
Meanwhile, prevention of osteoporosis can be done by increasing bone density by consuming enough calcium, doing regular exercise and also taking drugs that can prevent osteoporosis (according to a doctor’s prescription). You can consume at least 2 glasses of milk and add vitamin D to increase bone density.