Definition of a Healthy Diet
Diet is related to a balanced diet with the required nutritional intake. The nutrients the body needs are produced from food essence to maintain health. Thus a healthy diet is related to a variety of foods that can meet the necessary nutrients according to the child’s age. Excess or lack of nutrition will cause health problems for children.
Ideal Diet for Children
The ideal diet in children is adjusted to the child’s age. So that the description below will be grouped by age. Here’s the explanation:
1. Children aged 0-6 months
This is the main diet with breastfeeding or exclusive breastfeeding. At the age of infants 0-6 months nutritional needs can be met from breast milk so there is no need to consume food or drinks for babies. This is because the child’s digestion is still not perfect so that it will cause digestive disorders in children.
There are many benefits that can be obtained by giving ASI, namely natural immunity obtained from breast milk and can also improve the inner relationship between mother and child. In regulating the 0-6 month diet for children, namely breastfeeding immediately when the baby is born, the time and length of breastfeeding can be adjusted according to the baby and the milk is sufficient for your child’s daily nutritional needs (at the age of 0-6 months).
2. Age 6-12 months
The first feeding given to children is solid food. Complementary foods with breast milk (complementary foods) are given according to the age and maturity of the child’s digestive tract. The early age diet that can be applied to children aged 6-12 months, namely children can learn to sit, strong to hold the neck and head. Even the baby has saliva containing the amylase enzyme and then has the oromotor ability, namely the coordination of sucking, swallowing, and chewing.
Efforts are made for a healthy diet aged 6-12 months, namely by providing solid food with gradual texture and thickness. Give according to age so that the gradual administration does not interfere with the digestive system. You can give 1-2 spoons of food on the second day then increase the portion the next day. Let your child know how to eat and what is no less important is to observe foods that trigger allergies in children.
3. Age 1-3 years
In children aged 1-3 years, they are already active, and even their curiosity is high. In children aged 1-3 years have the characteristics of having difficulty eating and even the child’s appetite tends to change. Children can consume food in large portions and then beok is small. In addition, children aged 1-3 years only enjoy food, this is what makes parents worry about their children’s unmet nutritional needs.
The diet for children aged 1-3 years is by creating a pleasant food environment so that it can increase the child’s appetite for food. You can provide warm food with portions that are not too many, then give the opportunity to learn to eat independently. In addition, children aged 1-3 years are more likely to choose foods they like so avoid following the tendency to like one particular type of food.
4. Age 4-6 years
In preschool children, the calorie requirement reaches 85 kcal / kg. So that in children aged 4-6 years with reduced appetite characteristics and are more interested in playing with friends in the surrounding environment. As for what is being done to form a healthy diet at the age of children 4-6 years, namely by providing a variety of foods. If your child tends to eat small amounts, give them often 4-5 times, although try to introduce the correct meal times (morning, afternoon, evening). You can provide snacks between solid foods, namely when breakfast goes to lunch and when lunch goes to dinner.
5. Age 7-12 years
At school age children have a wider social environment so they spend more time playing with their themes. School-age children are often influenced by unhealthy eating patterns because they are familiar with food in the environment (snacks). He even had the desire to try foods he had not known through the media. Even children who tend to choose certain foods tend to decrease because of the curiosity of various foods, even though the role of parents is to maintain healthy food for children.
Efforts that can be made to implement a child’s diet are by explaining proper and correct meal times to maintain their health. Give understanding not to snack carelessly and encouragement to bring their own supplies to school. Maintain food that contains good nutritional value to support children’s growth and development.
Causes of Child Eating Disorders
Disrupted children’s eating patterns can be caused by psychological factors or health problems such as infections or congenital disorders experienced by children. Even though the infection is mild, if it affects the child’s diet, it will cause serious health problems.
The following are the causes of children experiencing eating disorders:
1. The child has thrush
One of the causes of difficulty eating is canker sores, sometimes even accompanied by an increased body temperature. The cause of thrush can come from trauma or fungus. Children who have mouth problems, mouth sores will have difficulty chewing so that the child has difficulty eating for days.
2. Experiencing hand and foot disease
Mouth and throat changes with the appearance of rashes and causing the child to lose appetite? One of the symptoms of hand and foot disease is the condition of your child’s body rising and experiencing rashes in the mouth and throat that interfere with the child’s eating.
Children who have worms are when the number of worms in the digestive tract is high so that the stomach becomes distended and bloated. The collected worms will cover the digestive tract so that when the food that comes in will be regurgitated even the food that comes in will be eaten by the worms. As a result, the child loses the nutrition needed by the body, appears to lack appetite and does not increase body weight according to age.