The development of the fetus in the third trimester will be discussed in this article which deals with fetal development during the final trimester and physical changes during pregnancy. The following is about growth and changes in pregnancy in the third trimester.
Fetal development in the third trimester consists of month 7, month 8 and month 9 of pregnancy. Following is the development of the fetus according to gestational age in the third trimester:
Fetal Development at 7 Months
At the age of pregnancy at the beginning of 7 months, it is marked by a change in size, for example, the size of the fetal head is proportional to its body. Even the forehead and eyebrows have started to grow perfectly, even the fine hairs on the baby’s body have started to grow perfectly.
Even in the middle of 7 months of gestation, namely 30-31 weeks of gestation where the baby can kick, the fetal bones are still flexible but over time will get harder and make the fetus more perfect. This breathing process exercise has been experienced by babies in these weeks. Even the brain nerves will continue to develop rapidly
At the end of fetal development at month 7 is the baby’s protective layer which begins to disappear and the lungs are growing. Even the functioning pupils will constrict and dilate when exposed to light or darkness. Even at 32 this will include increasing body weight and gaining internal fat in preparation for labor in the outside world.
Fetal Development at 8 Months
At the beginning of 8 months of gestation, the fetus’s forehead and eyelashes are growing, even now it has started to blink and if the fetus is a boy, the testicles begin to form completely in the first week of the third trimester.
Entering the middle week of a growing baby, the baby’s movements are increasingly limited because the space for movement and development of fetal weight this week has entered the increasingly developing lungs. The last is at the age of 8 months of gestation, babies whose fetuses are on time will experience development at week 36 where the head is down so it’s ready for delivery.
In fact, as the gestational age increases from week to week, the weight of the fetus will increase and the fetus’s body is getting stronger. In fact, the movement of the fetus will decrease due to its diminishing body size.
Fetal development at 9 months of age
The joyful month that all pregnant women await, at the 9th month at the start of the first week of 37 weeks. This time the baby starts to release a hormone, namely cortisone, which can help to mature the baby’s respiratory function, even this period is ready because the body is mature and can work on its own.
Furthermore, in the development of age in the middle weeks, the fetal skin looks pink and the nervous system has developed. Even at the age of 9 months of pregnancy this middle week is what causes the body to store enough fat and it remains stable until birth.
Antibodies that are owned by the baby’s body will help in maintaining health at the beginning of birth. Meanwhile, entering the final trimester at 9 months, the possibility of a baby being born in HPL is only 5% of pregnancies, in other words it can occur earlier or later. It’s just important for you to consult with your doctor to find out the condition of the fetus and so avoid dangerous risks.
Apart from fetal development. Physical and psychological changes in pregnant women in the third trimester must be considered. One of them is the changes that occur when the third trimester is marked by changes in the body, where the pregnant woman’s stomach gets bigger. In addition, it does not rule out the possibility that pregnant women are now experiencing emotional changes in preparation for childbirth so that they need support from their husbands and their closest family.
For this reason, this time pregnant women can find out about changes in the body of pregnant women related to the third trimester of pregnancy. Here are the changes that occur when pregnant women enter their pregnancy at 29-40 weeks, before delivery:
Complaints experienced by first pregnant women are experiencing back pain, back pain in pregnant women in the final trimester due to the heavy burden carried by pregnant women in the womb.
Although they are not dangerous, they can interfere with the comfort of pregnant women, so it is advisable to avoid wearing high heels, also avoid lifting heavy body weight. Even to stand and walk, the mother’s body must be with an upright back and shoulders to reduce back pain conditions.
Out of breath
A complaint that is increasingly felt in the final trimester of pregnancy is difficulty breathing where the mother experiences a diaphragm that presses on her lungs. However, after the baby’s head descends from the pelvic cavity at the age of 2-3 weeks, it will be in a better condition.
Shortness of breath in pregnant women in the third trimester can be categorized as a normal condition, you only need time to rest, whereas if after resting and not experiencing improvement, you should immediately consult an obstetrician and midwife to find out what happened. Some that are related to the breathing of pregnant women are also due to a heart burn condition that feels hot chest burning, although it will disappear by itself if the pressure on the baby’s body is below the ribs.
This shortness of breath can be assisted with regular exercise in accordance with the physical condition of the pregnant woman, one of which is by following pregnancy exercises to reduce complaints of shortness of breath during pregnancy, especially in the third trimester of pregnancy. The type of exercise chosen by pregnant women can be adjusted to the physical condition and needs of pregnant women, each pregnant woman will have different conditions.
Contractions and Sleep Problems
Furthermore, related to the changes that occur in the third trimester of pregnancy is where the mother experiences a condition of false contractions or known as Braxton Hicks which is characterized by mild pain, disappears at rest and experiences an irregular condition.
This is often recognized by some pregnant women as a sign of labor when in fact it is not, it is just a contraction that will subside after you rest for a while as opposed to contractions before labor.
Meanwhile, other sleep problems are related to the stomach getting bigger and kicking at night, making it difficult for the mother to sleep well. For mothers who experience this condition, you should be able to avoid various alternatives, for example by using aromatherapy or classical music which will help you sleep soundly at night.