Heart disease is indeed a disease that can no longer be ignored because of its dangers to health. Not only that, heart disease is also one of the diseases that are predicted to be the most deadly disease. Not a few people who have died because of heart disease. Even though it is in one term, namely heart disease, it turns out that heart disease has various types and also symptoms.
Like one of the symptoms of heart disease, namely the valvular heart (HVD) or what is often called a heart valve. This heart valve disease certainly describes one or the many abnormalities that occur in the four valves of the human heart. Initially, this valve serves to drain blood to the heart in the right position. However, when the valve does not work properly, it will certainly cause several problems including lightheadedness, heart failure, shortness of breath and chest pain.
Indeed, with treatment, of course, almost all types of HVD can be treated with various types of drugs and surgery. Of course, the drugs used are in order to cure heart disease. You need to know that this heart valve disease has several symptoms that are often ignored by many people. Even though this disease is the most deadly disease in the world. For those of you who don’t know the facts about heart valve disease, below we present some explanations for you.
What Are Heart Valves?
The heart valve is a canal that delivers blood to the heart in one direction. Of course, the valve can open and close simultaneously with the rhythm of your heartbeat. Adjust at the right time so that the blood can move appropriately and can prevent sinks. The valves in the heart certainly have the function of opening and also closing so that the blood continues to move properly. However, if a problem occurs with this heart valve, the result will be blood leakage and blood flowing in the wrong direction. So this condition causes HVD. Here are the four heart valves that we will explain one by one, including:
The first valve works by which the right ventricle which contains blood contracts and also pumps blood from the pulmonary valve in an open state to the lungs through the pulmonary artery. When the blood has flowed, this pulmonary valve will close to keep blood from returning to the right ventricula. This is the role of this pulmonary valve.
This second valve functions when blood returns from the body’s organs to the right atrium (upper chamber) of the heart. The tricuspid valve opens by allowing blood to move into the right ventricula (lower chamber). When the right ventricle is filled, the tricuspid valve will immediately close, preventing blood from leaving the right atrium.
The next valve plays a role when the left ventricula contracts and also pushes the oxidized blood from the aortic valve that opens into the aotra, the main artery of the body. Then the blood comes out of all the organs of the human body. When the ventricula is empty, the aotra valve will close again to keep blood from entering and returning to the heart.
The last valve that plays an important role in the heart is the mitral valve. This valve works when the newly oxidized blood from the lungs has left the left atrium (upper chamber). Then this mitral valve opens and allows blood to flow into the left ventricula (lower chamber). When the left ventricula is fully filled, the mitral valve closes to keep blood from flowing back up to the lungs. This is the job of the mitral valve.
Conditions That Cause VHD
Of course there are many things that can cause VHD, which is a heart disease that most often occurs in the community. Of course, heart disease can be caused by several other causes, namely degenerative diseases, connective tissue diseases, birth defects, tumors and also trauma that may have occurred in the past. Coupled with other causes such as coronary artery disease, pulmonary hypertension and infections that occur in the aorta. Meanwhile, another type of disease known as the biggest cause of HVD is rheumatism.
The common cause of heart valve disease is the weakening of the valve tissue itself, which usually occurs in elderly patients. When plaque expansion occurs in the arteries, it can occur in the aortic or mitral valve, causing both valves to become thick. In addition, there is one very fatal cause, namely a sudden heart attack which can damage the valve for longer. Here are some common causes of heart valves, including:
The first cause is when the valve does not open wide or it is often referred to as “leaflets”, ie only a small amount of blood can pass through it. You need to know that the heart has to work harder to pump enough blood and also circulate it to several parts of the body. In general, stenosis can occur due to leaflets that are stiff and also thickened or fused.
The second thing that causes heart valve disease is the inability of the valve to close properly so that the blood will return to its previous place. For this reason, the small volume of blood that comes out can be one of the causes of heart attacks. However, over time, this can lead to widening and also inefficient work. This is the reason why the heart valves do not work properly.
Types of VHD
Even though we know that the types of VHD are different, you can divide them into several categories based on which valve is affected by the cause. In general, the part of the valve that has a problem is the aortic valve and the mitral valve. As for the pulmonary valve and also the tricuspid valve, interference is very rare. However, there are several specific types of heart valve disease that occur in certain parts, including:
Aortic Valve Disease
For people who have high blood pressure and disabilities will have a risk of suffering from aortic regurgitation. For people born with a bicuspid aortic valve, they are elderly people who are also at risk of developing aortic valve stenosis.
Mitral Valve Disease
The next valve disease, which is often referred to as MItral Valve Prolapse (MVP), is one of the most common forms of heart valve disease. This usually occurs when a time or two of the flaps or leaflets are widened and prevents the valve from closing properly again. In general, this condition is not a serious condition. However, mitral stenosis as well as mitral regurgitation may occur.
Pulmonary Valve Disease
Pulmonary valve disease here can be caused by several things including heart infection, pulmonary hypertension and also problems with the conginetal valve. On the other hand, of course, pulmonary stenosis can be caused by a person’s congenital defects.
Tricuspid Valve Disease
Tricuspid regurtation, also known as tricuspid incapacity, is usually caused by a dilated right ventricle. This condition can also occur in association with mitral valve disease or left ventricular dysfunction. Tricuspid stenosis alone can of course cause dilation of the right atrium.
Symptoms If Someone Has VHD
Of course, every disease is characterized by several symptoms that can detect earlier the onset of the disease in the body. Likewise with heart valve disease which can be characterized by the following symptoms, including:
– Difficulty breathing
– Great fatigue easily
– The occurrence of chest pain
– Fainting and also heavy head
– Arrhythmias where the occurrence of an irregular heartbeat
– Reduced capacity for exercise
– The occurrence of blood clots that can cause heart attacks and strokes
– The occurrence of heart failure
– The occurrence of pulmonary hypertension, namely high blood pressure in the lungs
– The occurrence of pulmonary / systemic edema is the presence of a building in the lungs or other parts of the body.
If you find some of these symptoms in your body, then it would be better if you immediately consult a doctor to get further treatment. Do not ignore the symptoms that are already happening in front of you because if you let them, they will have a negative impact on your body.
Those are some things about heart valve disease that you must know and also the symptoms that may occur to you. Hope it is useful!