Miscarriage is the most frightening thing to happen to pregnant women. Therefore, it is very important to know the signs of a miscarriage so that you are more alert.
Children are the dream of every married couple, so the presence of children is highly anticipated. To realize pregnancy, every couple will certainly carry out a pregnancy program and when a woman finds out that she is pregnant, of course happiness will be felt. Prospective mothers of course have to maintain their pregnancy in order to stay healthy until giving birth later. But in some cases, even though the pregnancy has been taken care of as well as possible problems in pregnancy still occur. The most haunting problem during pregnancy is miscarriage.
Miscarriage can be experienced by anyone and can be triggered by various factors. A miscarriage itself is the discharge of an embryo before 20 weeks of pregnancy. This is the problem most pregnant women avoid and fear. The risk of miscarriage itself is quite high, around 15% -20% of pregnant women experience a miscarriage. In connection with this, it is very important to know the signs of a miscarriage, so that we can treat it early. Also read: Early Signs of Pregnancy
Signs of Miscarriage
It is important to know the signs of a miscarriage pregnant mother, so that the mother is more alert and if these signs appear, the mother can immediately ask for medical help. Here are the signs of a miscarriage:
The first sign of a miscarriage is bleeding. Pregnant women will experience bleeding from the vaginal canal during a miscarriage. Bleeding itself is the main sign when a woman has a miscarriage. However, not all bleeding that occurs during pregnancy is a sign of a miscarriage. If you experience bleeding during pregnancy and the mother gets medical help immediately, then a miscarriage is likely to be prevented.
It is important for you to remember, bleeding that occurs in the first trimester of pregnancy is not always a miscarriage. The reason is, many pregnant women who experience this condition but can undergo pregnancy and give birth. For that, you should always consult your doctor about any problems you feel while pregnant.
Baby’s Movement Has Decreased
When pregnant, you will certainly feel happy when the baby you are carrying is active. Even though sometimes you feel amused, it cannot be denied that it is a happy moment for you and your partner. The activity of your little one in the womb in general can actually indicate his development and health.
The baby’s movements will usually be felt at the 15th and 16th week of gestation. Although fetal movement is felt before 16 weeks of gestation, it is considered normal so the mother need not worry. When the gestational age is over 24 weeks, the frequency of the kicks in the womb will increase. Therefore, if you feel the baby’s movement decreases or doesn’t even move at all, you should immediately go to the doctor.
If you experience bleeding, which is accompanied by pain, you must be alert because it could be a sign of a miscarriage. The pain that appears is usually in the abdominal area, pelvis and back. Even the pain that appears will be difficult to distinguish from cramps during early pregnancy caused by the enlarging fetus in the womb.
Discharge or tissue from the vagina
When you have a miscarriage, blood clots or even tissue can pass through your vagina. When you find the tissue out of the vagina, you should put it in the container, then you can take it to the doctor to find out what the real situation is.
Pregnancy Symptoms Missing
The next sign of a miscarriage is that you no longer feel the pregnancy symptoms that you used to experience, such as breast pain or others. This is due to decreased hormone levels. If you experience it, especially if it is accompanied by other signs, it could be a miscarriage. However, to be sure you can immediately consult a doctor.
Feels Pain Under Stomach
Pain in the lower abdomen can be a sign of a miscarriage. You will feel a sharp pain if you have a miscarriage. However, the pain in your stomach that you feel is not all a sign of a miscarriage. The stomach feels uncomfortable and feels tight because the fetus is growing. However, if you feel pain on only one side, you should immediately consult your gynecologist.
Causes and Triggers of Miscarriage
Actually, the exact cause of the miscarriage itself is not known. It’s just that, according to experts the cause of miscarriage is mostly due to chromosome abnormalities baby. Especially during the first trimester of pregnancy. Excess, deficiency or abnormality in chromosomes will make the fetus in the womb unable to develop properly.
Meanwhile, miscarriages that occur during the second trimester of pregnancy are caused by the mother’s health. In the third trimester of pregnancy, the possibility of miscarriage due to infection, which is then followed by rupture of the membranes or premature rupture of membranes (KPSW). The mouth of the uterus that opens prematurely can also cause a miscarriage, but in rare cases.
There are several other triggering factors that can increase the risk of miscarriage. To find out, you can see below:
- Mother’s age. Maternal age increases the risk of miscarriage. It is known that women who become pregnant at the age of 35 have a higher risk of having a miscarriage. This is related to decreased maternal stamin.
- Chronic illness or long-term illness. Chronic disease can also increase the risk of miscarriage such as kidney problems, severe hypertension, uncontrolled diabetes and lupus.
- Effects of maternal health. Maternal health problems can also affect, such as a problem with the placenta, the mother has a weak cervix, abnormal uterine structure or the mother has polycystic ovary syndrome.
- Mother had had a previous miscarriage.
- Mothers often smoke during pregnancy.
- Taking drugs that will have a negative impact on pregnancy.
- The influence of certain infections such as for example rubella, toxoplasmosis, malaria, syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia or cytomegalovirus.
- During times pregnancy the mother has a habit of drinking alcohol or using illegal drugs.
- Body weight, for example the body weight is less or more.
- During pregnancy, the mother consumes excessive caffeine.
Apart from the above conditions, miscarriage will occur when the fetus grows outside the uterus. This condition is known as an ectopic pregnancy. This pregnancy can be life threatening because it has a risk of rupture and bleeding will occur inside.
Types of Miscarriage
Based on the medical world, there are several types of miscar
- Threatened miscarriage
- Incomplete miscarriage
- Complete abortion (Complete miscarriage)
This miscarriage is a type of miscarriage that can still be saved. Pregnant women who experience an abortion are threatened to complain of bleeding in the form of spots on the birth canal with a bright red or brown color. Usually this condition is accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen and lower back. If you experience this situation, then you can immediately go to the gynecologist for an examination.
Pregnant women with threatened abortion for several days should rest and avoid strenuous activity. Also avoid having conjugal relations because it will trigger a miscarriage.
Pregnant women who have had an incomplete abortion can no longer continue their pregnancy because the fetus has partially left the uterus. In this situation, more bleeding will occur, the pain in the stomach will be heavier. Even the blood that comes out of the uterus will be accompanied by flesh.
Complete abortion is a miscarriage in which the fetus has left the uterus completely. To know this condition with certainty, further examination by an obstetrician is required.
What Happens During a Miscarriage
When a woman has a miscarriage, she will experience the symptoms of a miscarriage, as previously described. This is caused by contractions to shed the contents of the uterus in the form of blood clots and tissue. If this situation occurs sooner, then without complications a miscarriage can usually be resolved by the body. However, if a woman has a miscarriage, but does not realize it because there are no signs of miscarriage, then to stimulate contractions the doctor will give medicine.
If a pregnant woman is bleeding profusely, but without any tissue shedding, usually the fetus will be delivered sooner with a prescribed procedure.
After experiencing a miscarriage, to get pregnant again you can wait until the time is right. In addition, after a miscarriage, you should adopt a healthy diet by eating foods that contain balanced nutrition. We recommend that you eat more foods that contain vitamin C and balanced iron. This substance is needed so that iron in the blood which is lost a lot when bleeding can increase levels. Some foods that are rich in iron include eggs, red meat and vegetables with green leaves. While foods contain vitamin C, including oranges, broccoli and tomatoes.
Preventing miscarriage, of course, by avoiding risk factors for miscarriage. There are several steps you can take to reduce the risk of miscarriage. Here are steps you can take to prevent miscarriage from happening.
- During pregnancy it is important to have a healthy lifestyle. Eat a healthy and balanced diet. By eating a healthy and balanced diet, the nutritional needs of pregnant women and the babies you are carrying will be fulfilled, so that your pregnancy will remain healthy until it’s time to give birth later.
- Avoid smoking when you are pregnant. Smoking will be bad for health, as well as pregnancy. In addition, you must also stay away from alcohol during pregnancy, and not use illegal drugs.
- To prevent certain infections that can threaten your pregnancy, you can consult your doctor about what steps you should take.
- Before you get pregnant, it is important to maintain a healthy weight. Likewise when you are pregnant. Make sure your weight is not less or more.
- Overcoming known causes of miscarriage to reduce the risk of miscarriage.
The occurrence of a miscarriage will certainly cause sadness for many parties, especially for women who are pregnant. The reason is, after a miscarriage a woman must also restore her health. Women who experience it will feel guilty, depressed, sad and traumatized. Because like that, in this situation the support of husband and family is needed.
Having a miscarriage does not mean you will have it again in the next pregnancy. Even though they have had a miscarriage, many women have managed to carry out their pregnancies without any problems to give birth to their babies.
This article is reviewed by Midwife Pevi Revina sTR. Keb