Pregnancy can indeed bring significant changes to a woman’s life. In addition, not all women can go through pregnancy smoothly and without obstacles. Some pregnancy disorders or complaints are normal things experienced by a woman during pregnancy. From this series of complaints, some women may experience serious and worrying disorders, one of which is high blood pressure or hypertension that occurs during pregnancy.
High blood pressure during pregnancy is actually a condition that is common with pregnant women. About 10 percent of pregnant women will experience the same condition during their pregnancy. It’s just that, of course, with good handling, high blood pressure will not develop or endanger health and in general, this condition will return to normal and disappear after the birth process.
Then what exactly is the effect of high blood pressure during pregnancy on the womb and health of pregnant women and babies in them? Let’s look at some of the explanations this time.
Pregnancy High Blood Pressure (Gestational Hypertension)
Gestational hypertension is high blood pressure that occurs during pregnancy. In general, this condition will appear after more than 20 weeks of gestation, and after giving birth this condition will return to normal. In addition, gestational hypertension is usually experienced by women who did not suffer from high blood pressure before becoming pregnant.
Pregnant women who are already suffering from stress high blood pressure at 140/190 mmHg before pregnancy or before 20 weeks gestation is categorized as a chronic high blood pressure condition. Usually this condition does not disappear quickly even though the mother has finished the labor process. There are several conditions that can increase a person’s risk of developing gestational hypertension, including:
- If you have had high blood pressure before pregnancy or during your first or previous pregnancy
- Pregnant with the first child
- Twin pregnancy
- Pregnant women are less than 20 years old or more than 40 years old at the time of pregnancy
- Pregnant women have kidney disease or diabetes
The condition of gestational high blood pressure needs to be treated properly because if not, this condition will develop into preeclampsia which is accompanied by the presence of protein in the urine. In addition, high blood pressure conditions that are left unchecked may develop into a more serious condition, namely eclampsia. Now, to get to know more about preeclampsia and eclampsia, let’s discuss it below.
What is Preeclampsia?
Gestational high blood pressure or pressure high blood pressure that occurs during pregnancy that does not immediately get proper treatment will develop into a preeclamptic condition. Preeclampsia or pregnancy poisoning is a condition where there is a serious blood pressure disorder that can interfere with the work of the organs in the body. Usually this condition attacks at 20 weeks of gestation and will disappear when the baby is finished.
The condition of preeclampsia can be characterized by high blood pressure and the presence of protein in the urine (proteinuria). In addition, this condition can also be characterized by other symptoms, such as:
- Swelling of the face or hands
- Headaches that are hard to get rid of
- Difficulty breathing properly
- Unbearable nausea and vomiting
- Weight gain that occurs suddenly
- Disruption of the organs of vision
- Pain in the upper abdomen and in the shoulders
There are several conditions that can increase a pregnant woman’s risk of getting preeclampsia, including:
- If during pregnancy your husband experienced preeclampsia, it is likely that the pregnant woman will experience preeclampsia
- If the mother had preeclampsia in previous pregnancies, it is also very likely that you are affected by the same condition in your current pregnancy.
Until now, it is not known the exact cause that makes a pregnant woman develop preeclampsia. However, preeclampsia seems to be caused by a disruption in the growth of the placenta so that blood flow in this area cannot work properly and properly.
Keep in mind once again that the condition of preeclampsia can endanger the condition of you and the fetus you are carrying. The flow of blood from the mother and the fetus will be hampered and disrupted so that this condition can make it difficult for the baby in the womb to get the nutrients and oxygen needed to support its development properly.
In addition, preeclampsia can affect the health of the liver, lungs and kidneys. The brain and eyes of pregnant women will also be at risk from the effects of preeclampsia on pregnancy. Meanwhile, if this condition is not treated immediately, preeclampsia will develop into eclampsia.
It is estimated that 1 in 200 cases of preeclampsia that are not treated immediately can develop into a more serious condition called eclampsia. Preeclampsia that gets worse will affect the brain health of the pregnant woman and can lead to dangerous seizures and coma. If this condition occurs then this is what is called an advanced condition from preeclampsia which turns into eclampsia.
The impact of eclampsia cannot be underestimated because this condition can have serious and fatal impacts, both for the health of the mother and the fetus that you are carrying. Preeclampsia and eclampsia can disrupt the function of the placenta, which in turn can result in babies born with low body weight. In addition, some other problems or other dangerous risks will be possible with your little one, such as health problems in babies, even the worst conditions that rarely occur of this are infant death or miscarriage.
Manage high blood pressure with care
If you experience or are exposed to high blood pressure during pregnancy, it is very important for you to always maintain good and proper health. Routine personal health checks to a doctor or obstetrician are important things that need to be done to ensure that your health condition is maintained.
Meanwhile, when you suffer from high blood pressure, the doctor will be able to prescribe the use of drugs to lower blood pressure. You don’t need to worry because the drugs given will not have a bad effect on the fetus. This is because there are several blood pressure-lowering drugs that are safe for consumption by pregnant women.
In addition, it is also important that you always follow the instructions for use and the minimum dosiss recommended by your doctor. Also avoid using herbal medicines that are given according to belief because usually this type of drug is not clear for its usefulness. The concern is that using this drug will actually endanger the health of you and the fetus in the womb.
Those are some things that can be conveyed from this discussion. The most important thing that can be done in this condition is to always check your health condition to the gynecologist just in case a condition like this happens to you.