Disease Typhus or typhus is a digestive system disorder that can affect anyone, be it children or adults.
Although in general typhus is often experienced by children, it does not rule out if typhus attacks adults. Therefore, we should be aware of this one disease.
Typhus often occurs in Indonesia, both in cities and in rural areas, which is caused by a lack of understanding of the symptoms or signs that arise due to this disease. There are even some people who consider the symptoms of typhus to be the same as the symptoms of dengue or dengue fever. So, to find out more about typhus, you can see the discussion below.
Definition of Typhus
Typhus (typhus) or typhoid fever is an acute infection that attacks the tract digestion humans, especially the small intestine. This disease is caused by bacteria Salmonella typhi. If not handled properly and properly, this disease can endanger the life of the sufferer. Even the bacteria that cause this disease can spread to other parts, such as the bloodstream or bones.
Typhus is contagious quite quickly. Typhoid infection or fever can occur when the sufferer consumes drinks or food contaminated by feces or urine that have been infected by bacteria.
Symptoms of Typhus
Symptoms of typhoid (typhoid) or typhoid fever will not be visible immediately, the symptoms will gradually appear after the sufferer is infected with germs for 1-3 weeks. The following are symptoms commonly seen when someone is typhus.
Fever or Heat
Common symptoms that are often seen from this disease are patients experiencing fever or high body temperature within a few days. The patient’s body temperature will usually reach 40 degrees Celsius. In addition, it is accompanied by other symptoms such as weakness and weakness, and headaches. Therefore, it is not surprising that this disease is classified as an acute disease.
Usually when a person’s body temperature is hot, their heart rate will be faster than usual or increase by about 10% every time there is an increase in body temperature of 1 degree Celsius. However, this situation does not apply to typhus, because the heart rate of typhus sufferers will actually be slower than usual. This situation is caused due to the presence of toxins or toxins from germs that cause typhus, so that in the end such a reaction will occur.
Stomach Pain, Nausea and Vomiting
In general, typhus sufferers will feel pain in the abdomen on the left. In fact, often these symptoms are equated with ulcer disease. But the difference is, the pain that is felt due to ulcer disease is in the upper abdomen or where the heartburn is.
The next symptom of typhus that is commonly seen is the patient’s middle tongue turns white, but the tongue on the edges is red. If the patient’s tongue sticks out, his tongue will vibrate.
CHAPTER pattern changed
Changes in bowel pattern in sufferers will usually change as well. For example, sufferers experience diarrhea or just the opposite, namely difficulty defecating. This situation will cause discomfort, even when experiencing diarrhea the body will feel weak.
Causes of Typhus
Typhus (typhus) occurs because it is caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhi. The bacteria that cause this disease can enter the human intestine through food or drink that was previously contaminated, where the bacteria will multiply in the lymph nodes or blood vessels.
Feces containing typhus-causing bacteria is the main source of transmission of this disease. Stool containing these bacteria is produced by someone who has been infected first. Particularly in Indonesia, the spread of typhus-causing bacteria occurs through consumed water, which has previously been contaminated by infected feces.
In addition, food that is washed with contaminated water can have the same effect. This situation is usually caused by poor water hygiene.
The bacteria can also be spread when an infected person does not wash their hands before making or processing food. When someone touches or consumes these foods, they can become infected.
Using a toilet that is contaminated with the bacteria that causes typhus, which a person will become infected if they touch their mouth directly without washing their hands. Consuming seafood where the water has been contaminated with infected urine or feces, can transmit typhus.
How to deal with typhus
The most effective treatment for typhus is antibiotic therapy. Typhoid treatment is usually done in a hospital, but if it is detected quickly the sufferer can be treated at home.
Treatment for Typhus in Hospital
When performing treatment at the hospital, at that time the patient’s stool, urine and blood sample will be examined in the laboratory. This is done to determine what type of antibiotic is right to be given. Usually the antibiotics given in the hospital are injections. In fact, nutrition and fluids will be given by injection into a vein through an IV.
Infusion will be given to the patient if the sufferer is accompanied by severe diarrhea, vomiting and flatulence. In some cases, surgery will even be performed if life-threatening complications occur.
Patients will usually get better after being hospitalized for about 4 days. However, to recover as usual takes several weeks.
Home Care for Typhus
Typhus treatment can also be done at home. However, when doing treatment at home the condition does not gradually improve, it would be better if the patient is treated at the hospital. For some sufferers, this disease may recur. In order for the body to recover to its original state and to prevent typhus from coming again, sufferers are advised to take the steps below:
- Eat regularly. Patients are encouraged to eat frequently but with reasonable portions, compared to eating large portions but rarely
- Get enough rest
- Get enough body fluids by consuming lots of water
- Wash your hands regularly to stop the infection from spreading
How to Prevent Typhus
Sanitation and hygiene are important steps to prevent typhus. In addition, there are certain types of vaccines to prevent typhus. But besides that, you must also do a healthy lifestyle to avoid the risk of contracting typhus as below:
Try to wash your hands before and after handling food, and after using the toilet.
- Avoid consuming food
sold on the side of the road.
- Avoid consuming raw fruits and vegetables.
- Avoid seafood that has not been cooked.
- Clean the toilet regularly.
- Avoid exchanging towels, toiletries or bed linen.
That’s an explanation of the symptoms to how to treat typhus. Hope it is useful.