Conditions where pregnant women have a dark color such as the skin on the forehead, upper lip, and cheeks, this is a sign that you have chloasma or what is often called the “pregnancy mask”. You don’t need to worry about this condition often affects 50 to 75 percent of pregnant women. To know more about melasma “mask of pregnancy” that is often complained of by pregnant women, here is an explanation and solutions to overcome melasma “mask of pregnancy”.
The mask of pregnancy or what is called melasma or chloasma appears when a sharp increase in the level of estrogen stimulates the production of excess melanin otherwise known as hyperpigmentation. This condition is characterized by the appearance of spots that appear darker. It is especially common in women with dark skin who already have more pigment in their skin. Sun exposure can make conditions worse. However, the good news is that this color is temporary and usually disappears after delivery or in some cases after you have finished breastfeeding.
Risk Factors for Pregnancy Mask
Chloasma occurs commonly in pregnancy that is caused by hormones. One study in Iran found a prevalence among 400 pregnant patients, of 15.8%. It rarely occurs before puberty and occurs most frequently in women during their reproductive years. This is related to the use of oral contraceptives. In fact, one study of patients with chloasma found that the frequency of thyroid disorders was four times greater than that of the control group.
The next risk factor can also be due to sun exposure. This is a risk factor that often occurs when Chloasma occurs in the sun-exposed “T-part of the face”. Another thing can also be influenced by genetics, 30% of patients reported a positive family history and identical twins with chloasma so that pregnant women experience the same thing passed on by family members.
Pregnant women who experience a mask of pregnancy often complain that the face has a dark discoloration. The color can vary from dull to brown, but may be black or have a bluish tinge. This distribution is usually symmetrical and three patterns are commonly seen – centrofacial, malar or mandibular.
Preventing and Overcoming Melasma “Pregnancy Mask”
Quoted from Livestrong, Melasma is also known as chloasma or “pregnancy mask,” which can darken the skin and cause brown spots. Melasma occurs most often during or after childbirth. Dr Elizabeth L. Tanzi from Johns Hopkins Hospital Center in Baltimore, in addressing the American Academy of Dermatology in 2010, noted that sun exposure is the most common cause of dark spots, including melasma and facial spots.
Here are some ways that can be done to prevent melasma “mask of pregnancy” which is often complained of by pregnant women:
1. Complete the Folic Acid Needs
Foods that contain folic acid are very good for pregnant women, besides being able to support fetal development. According to research it has shown that folate deficiency can be associated with hyperpigmentation. Good choices containing folic acid include green leafy vegetables, oranges, whole grain breads, and whole grain cereals.
2. Protect yourself by using sunscreen
You can use high SPF – at least SPF 15 or ideally SPF 30 or more. The sunscreen will protect your face from sun exposure which will make the pregnancy mask more visible.
3. Disguise the mask of pregnancy by using a concealer
Choose a corrective foundation and concealer that is non-comedogenic, hypoallergenic and designed to mask hyperpigmentation. You can choose according to your skin tone, but make sure the concealer is a product you normally use and doesn’t cause side effects if you don’t normally use your concealer and apply foundation all over your face, to avoid patches.
4. Pine bark extract
As quoted from Livestrong Pinus pinaster, provides a plant-based melasma treatment that was studied in 2002 by researchers at the China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine. The study, published in the journal Phytotherapy Research, reports on pine bark extract that contains standardized pycnogenol, a powerful antioxidant that also protects skin against ultraviolet, or UV, radiation.
Further findings support the use of traditional medicine to treat skin conditions, including melasma. Mix a little ginseng tea with equal amounts of gotu kola powder and powdered ginseng root to make an ointment. Apply directly to the melasma site twice a day for 10 to 15 minutes, then rinse. Only 1/8 teaspoon each powder makes enough for one application.
6. Grapes and Raspberries
If you want to avoid the possible risks of a mixture of several substances then you can use grape seed extract. As quoted from Livestrong Dr. Ray Sahel, health author and author of “The Stevia Cookbook” and “Mind Boosters,” citing research showing doctors given a standardized extract from grape seed containing the chemical, proanthocyanidin, noted significant improvements in melasma-darkening. Freckles. Raspberry, rich in a compound called ellagic acid, was also recommended by Dr. Sahel. Other sources, also rich in this melasma lightener, include blackberries, strawberries, cranberries and pomegranates.
Thus pregnant women do not need to worry, that pregnancy will cause hormonal changes that cause the body to experience changes as well as the skin on the face of pregnant women which will cause oily skin, acne, spots and melasma known as the pregnancy mask . Pregnant women are prohibited from using chemicals that are usually used for beauty treatments because they will affect the development of the fetus.
Conditions like this make pregnant women experience a lack of self-confidence, especially if pregnant women have to continue their activities outside the home. To anticipate complaints on the facial skin area of pregnant women, one of the pregnancy masks is that pregnant women should use a safe method so that it does not affect fetal growth and development.
Some natural masks can prevent the spread of facial masks, besides that you can disguise them by using concealers and foundations that have ingredients that are safe for pregnant women. If you experience worsening problems with your facial skin, you should consult a doctor to find a safe solution for the fetus, although some pregnant women feel comfortable with hormonal changes because they will return to normal conditions after the pregnant woman gives birth.