Many changes occur in the body of pregnant women, including hyperpigmentation, which is a skin condition that is darker than the original color (before pregnant women). These changes are often seen during the first trimester and even about 90 percent of pregnant women experience hyperpigmentation in certain body parts.
Most pregnant women experience changes in skin color on the nipples and areola, the area around the nipples is hyperpigmented. Even so, you don’t need to worry because you will experience changes in normal skin color. As for a few things you can do for prevent pigmentation both during pregnancy and after pregnancy. So that the condition does not further disturb the beauty of your skin.
Hyperpigmentation of the face
Many pregnant women complain of black patches on their skin such as on their faces. Their main concern is whether this pigmentation during pregnancy is normal or not?
Pigmentation on the face which is marked by patches can occur on various parts of the face and body. On the face, hyperpigmentation can occur on the forehead, cheekbones, nose and upper lip, which looks like a mask. Discoloration can also spread to the cheeks and jaw. Experts say that facial hyperpigmentation is very common and is often called the mask of pregnancy or melisma gravidarum in medical terms.
The causes of facial hyperpigmentation include the appearance of acne spots on the face. Even some pregnant women who complain of hyperpigmentation are pregnant women with darker skin color because they are more prone to skin changes than pregnant women with light skin color. This condition is also considered hereditary because it appears to be in women with family members who have the same condition. The effect of hyperpigmentation during pregnancy is due to homonal changes.
Hyperpigmentation in other parts of the body
Some areas of the skin are darker than the rest of the skin tone. Examples are nipples, genital area and scars. During pregnancy, you may notice this area to be darker than normal. Friction areas of the body such as thighs and underarms tend to be darker.
The causes of hyperpigmentation in other parts of the body are hormonal changes that undergo changes during pregnancy. Hormonal changes trigger the skin so that it can increase melanin production. Melanin is a naturally occurring substance found in the body and a major component in the pigmentation of hair, eyes and skin. However, this increase in melanin production is temporary and will return to normal after pregnancy.
This means that the hyperpigmented areas of the skin will experience changes a few months after giving birth, although some women tend to maintain a dark color that is stubborn. Apart from melanin production, sun exposure also contributes to hyperpigmentation in pregnant women or after childbirth.
In fact, hyperpigmentation is the main reason pregnant women have a dark, protruding line on their stomach, also known as the linea nigra. Pregnant women who have a horizontal line from the navel to the pubic bone even though they are the same color as the skin. However, a hyperpigmented condition will darken these rows, so they are very prominent on the skin. Just like signs of hyperpigmentation on the face and other body parts, lines will disappear after a few months of childbirth.
Hyperpigmentation does not harm pregnancy
The main concern is whether this skin pigmentation during pregnancy can be harmful to the health of the mother and fetus? Fortunately, hyperpigmentation does not cause any health problems however, any sign of inflammation requires consultation with a midwife or obstetrician.
Any changes in the skin that go beyond the signs of hyperpigmentation should consult a doctor for a proper examination. These changes also include accompanying discoloration pain. Even if pregnant women have skin conditions such as eczema or psoriasis it will worsen during pregnancy. You have to be careful of other symptoms that may come along with the skin problem and will cause you more discomfort.
One of the good things about hyperpigmentation is that pregnant women can perform several procedures to treat skin discoloration during pregnancy. This procedure can be done during and after pregnancy.
1. During Pregnancy
Protect yourself from sun exposure. You can perform several procedures while you are pregnant. Starting with skin protection from the sun. Sun exposure can worsen or worsen hyperpigmentation. Your goal is to protect your skin from harmful UV rays. Choose a sunscreen whose chemical content is safe for pregnant women to use, apply sunscreen on your skin for enhanced skin protection. In addition, choose a sunscreen that protects from UVA and UVB with SPF. The SPF level must be at least 30 or more to adapt to environmental conditions. Using sunscreen must be done every day even if the environmental conditions are not too hot. As long as you are going outside, it is best to protect your skin from hyperpigmentation
Getting out of the house isn’t the only reason why you should apply sunscreen. Even if you will only be staying outside for a few minutes like going to the car or shopping nearby, applying sunblock for protection should be increased. If you are just sitting by a window, where the sun’s rays also penetrate this requires sunscreen protection. Use skin care products that can protect areas of the body that are frequently affected by hyperpigmentation.
You can also use a concealer because hyperpigmentation is concentrated in the facial area, and some women even worry about skin care during pregnancy. Using safe makeup during pregnancy will hide blemishes. Avoid using bleach as it will cause problems during pregnancy. You can choose make-up that is recommended for pregnant women with sensitive skin so that it can disguise the dark color that is often a complaint of pregnant women.
2. After Pregnancy
Hyperpigmentation can occur after the baby is born, although it is not as obvious as when you are pregnant, but this will disturb the beauty of your skin. Therefore, you can wait for several months after giving birth to see if your skin color is healed / normal again. However, you can continue to wear sunscreen to protect your face from sun exposure while your body will naturally restore its original skin. Don’t expect instant improvement let alone using chemicals that are harmful to your skin’s health. It is better for you to consult your doctor to treat and improve your skin.