Epistaxis or nosebleeds are bleeding from the nose which is usually caused by trauma to the nose or certain diseases. Nosebleeds do not only occur in adults, nosebleeds can also occur in children, which sometimes surprise you when blood comes out of your child’s nose for no reason. You don’t need to worry if your child has a nosebleed when your child is healthy and remains active, besides that a nosebleed is classified as harmless if it is experienced by a child who is not experiencing it. fever. Although nosebleeds can occur in your child, you should find out the main causes of nosebleeds in children.
The causes of nosebleeds vary widely, here are the causes of nosebleeds in children:
The condition of the air that is inhaled by your child can affect their health, for example motorized vehicles, cigarette smoke which can irritate their mucous membranes, especially when the mucous membranes at the age of children are still very thin and easily torn.
In children, trauma to the nose can occur when the child is hit, scratches their nose too hard or is hit by other objects. This method can be avoided by warning your child when playing with his friends.
3. Cold air
In some children who cannot adapt to cold air, it can cause nosebleeds, one example of the condition is the air conditioner that is too cold in a room.
Medicines can trigger nosebleeds in children, for example, steroids that can help relieve nasal congestion in children or other types of drugs that are not suitable for your child’s condition, you should immediately consult a doctor to get an accurate cause.
Several conditions can cause infection in your child, such as vestibulity, which is inflammation of the hair root sheath that occurs in the front of your child’s nasal cavity, sinusitis, which is inflammation that occurs in the sinus area in the cavity of the right and left areas above the nose. namely infection due to your child having health problems, one of which is dengue fever. For nosebleeds caused by infection, it is better to immediately consult a doctor.
Every parent will feel panic when the part of your child’s body bleeds, including the discharge of blood in your child’s nose (nosebleed), here are ways you can do:
1. Do not lie down or bend the baby’s head down
At first aid your child who is having a nosebleed, do not lay down or bend the baby’s head because it will make the nosebleed worse, besides that, also avoid lifting the head up (looking up).
2. A good position is with an upright body position
You can make a sitting position on your child with the head slightly forward then you can use your thumb and forefinger to close the nostrils by massaging for 2 to 5 minutes, breathing through your mouth.
3. Using betel leaves
You can take betel leaves that have been washed clean and then roll them around the size of your child’s nostrils and then stuff them in the nostrils for 15-20 minutes.
4. Using ice cubes
You can relieve the blood that comes out of the nose by using baby ice wrapped in a cloth or cloth and then stick it between the forehead and nose of your child, the ice helps to shrink the blood vessels so that the blood stops
However, if the above methods cannot stop the blood and blood of your child having difficulty breathing, bleeding in the ears and gums and also the presence of foreign objects in the nose, you should immediately take them to the doctor to get accurate medical treatment from the cause of the nosebleed in your child. .