Entering the second trimester of pregnancy, you must be prepared for the physical changes that occur. As is known at every gestational age the mother will experience physical, psychological and hormonal changes. To make you comfortable with each gestational age, you can perform maternal and fetal pregnancy care.
This article will discuss how to care for pregnancy related to mother and fetus. Fetal development in the second trimester, physical changes mother during the second trimester and also the care that should be done in the second trimester.
Fetal and Maternal Changes in Second Trimester
At the end of the first trimester, the mother is not experiencing nausea and weakness and even tends to decrease. Entering the second trimester the fetus is sensitive to light and sound. Many developments occurred in the second trimester. At the early age of the fetus entering the second trimester, it already has the ability to suck its own thumbs apart from that the liver, pancreas and spleen are already functioning. Even the fetus can swallow, breathe and also suck.
Development at week 16 the fetus already weighs 80-120 grams. Then what forms is a thin skin on the fetus. In the second trimester, fat has formed so that the fetus remains warm. Even the fetus’s ability to kick, respond to sound and roll has been demonstrated in the second trimester.
The second trimester of gestation is categorized as a safe age in pregnancy. Mothers can use music therapy or read dogeng books because the baby has heard. Even at night the baby is very active.
Meanwhile, changes in the mother in the second trimester are marked by physical changes, the stomach is getting bigger. At 12 weeks of gestation the uterus is getting bigger and passes through the pelvic cavity. At 20 weeks of gestation, the top of the uterus will be parallel to the navel. Although each individual will experience different abdominal development, it generally starts at 16 weeks of gestation.
In addition, pregnant women often burp and pass wind because the intestines are inflamed and experience bloating. Even pregnant women often experience heartburn like a burning sensation. The reason is that the hormone progesterone increases and will cause relaxation and the digestive tract muscles to become enlarged.
Pregnant women often experience swelling due to retaining fluids, swelling is visible on the feet, face and hands. Besides that, you often experience cramps in the legs. So it can be avoided by raising the legs parallel to the body upward. The next change associated with pregnant women in the second trimester is forgetfulness. Even though there are many theories that state why pregnant women often forget, you don’t need to worry, this condition can be overcome by resting and making little notes.
Second Trimester Maternal and Fetal Care
After knowing that pregnancy in the second trimester has important developments for the fetus and the mother has undergone many changes, proper pregnancy care is highly recommended. Apart from being happy, the moment of pregnancy will cause you to worry, which will have an impact on the health of the mother and fetus. Mother must be provided with pregnancy knowledge and also take care to maintain pregnancy.
In the second trimester of pregnancy is a pleasant pregnancy if you can do activities that support the growth and development of the fetus and maintain health, characterized by an enlarged stomach and a fast rate of development. Changes in the color of the areola which are darker and more sensitive. To help you, here are some treatments that can be done when entering the second trimester of pregnancy.
Here are the treatments performed in the second trimester:
1. Be aware of your posture
Pregnancy care in the second trimester begins with your posture when doing the movements. Increasing gestational age so that physical changes are increasingly visible. For those of you who are going to pick up items in a low position, pregnant women should take these items in a squatting position. In addition, heavy movements have begun to be reduced and even spontaneous (sudden) movements must be avoided because they will have a negative effect on the fetus.
2. Get enough rest
The effect of the increase in the hormone progesterone will make the mother often feel drowsy. So that pregnant women need more sleep than usual. You can reduce heavy activities and communicate with your husband so that you get support in the growing age of pregnancy. Moreover, if your body gives a sign of being tired, you should rest.
You can ask for help to help you with your homework or if you are an office worker you can plan your time off by giving the right person authority. In addition, you can get various information about pregnancy. Either by following my RHodes24’s facebook fanpage discussion forum or by confirming normal or abnormal changes in medical experts.
4. Observing the food consumed
A balanced nutritional intake is needed for fetal growth and development. In the second trimester, the mother and fetus can choose eggs or egg yolks that contain choline which can help develop the baby’s brain and improve brain performance. Apart from eggs that contain choline are milk, soybeans and beef. In addition, it enriches the nutrition of pregnant women with avocado content which has benefits to help overcome nausea, brain development and baby tissue. Also consume Greek yogurt which contains lots of protein. Greek yogurt is rich in calcium which can help maintain pregnancy.
5. Relax and Exercise
Adjusting for physical changes during pregnancy is not easy. The emotional state of pregnant women, which sometimes fluctuates, so relaxing can be a fun way. Thus the mother can relax more to relieve tension and stress experienced by pregnant women because it will affect the growth and development of the fetus. Exercising specifically for pregnant women is needed which will provide benefits to improve blood circulation. So that it can help the emotions of pregnant women in controlling mood fluctuations. Even with the right exercise will help mothers prepare for labor.
Thus for mothers who enter the second trimester which is a pleasant gestational age. You have started to be free from nausea and vomiting and the fetus has experienced rapid development and development. All you have to do is do pregnancy care right according to gestational age so that it can support fetal growth and development.
Pregnant women can consult their obstetrician or midwife if there are abnormal changes during the second trimester of pregnancy. Especially if the mother has a previous history of disease, this method is done to reduce the risk that will harm the mother and the fetus when entering the third trimester.