Trimester Maternal and Fetal Development The mother has physical and hormonal changes in the third trimester. The mother experiences a peak in the production of the pregnancy hormone, namely HCG, which causes the mother to undergo many changes. Changes experienced by pregnant women include changes in facial skin that are firmer and smoother even though they do not do facial care. The mother experiences the changing production of vaginal fluids and the breasts of pregnant women are firmer to prepare the baby to breastfeed.
Even pregnant women experience softening of the uterine wall to implant blastocytes. This process eventually results in a blockage in the cervical canal and causes the mother to experience contractions, even though this condition is normal in pregnant women. Meanwhile, the fetus in the third trimester experiences a perfect development process that is ready for the day of birth.
Considering the importance of pregnancy in the final trimester, in this article we will help you to provide information about the development of the fetus and mother in the third trimester in addition to proper care for the mother and the fetus in the third trimester so as to better prepare for labor. Here are tips on caring for the mother and the fetus in the third trimester of pregnancy:
Third Trimester Development and Growth of Mother and Fetus
Before getting to know the right care for pregnant women in the third trimester, you should know in advance the development and growth of the fetus in the third trimester. In the third trimester, fetal development leads to the ability of the nerves and brain to be more sensitive to environmental responses. Interesting fetal development in the third trimester is when the fetus can open its eyes. When the fetal brain nervous system begins to function, the fetus can already respond to light around it. Even the fetus feels the light hitting its eyes and will turn around to avoid it. You can try this by shining a flashlight on your womb.
The next development of the fetus is that it is able to rest during the day because the mother’s body, which is constantly moving, makes the fetus sway in the amniotic fluid in the uterus so that it makes the fetus comfortable to rest during the day and at night is more actively moving. Fetal development in the third trimester is no less important, namely when the fetus can regulate the temperature where the optimal brain’s ability to regulate body temperature will prevent the fetus from getting cold and even a layer of fat that will help the fetus feel warm until delivery.
Even the development that the fetus shows in the third trimester of pregnancy is a very important time of fetal development, namely the 5 senses it has. The fetus can see, move with fingers to feel the uterus, feel the amniotic fluid, hear and also smell the amniotic fluid.
Meanwhile, changes in the third trimester of pregnant women are increasingly visible. The growing size of the fetus makes the mother uncomfortable and even the mother experiences several conditions that make her tired. One of them is the growing belly where the size of the uterus reaches the bottom edge of the ribs so that the enlargement of the abdomen will cause the navel of the pregnant woman to protrude.
Furthermore, the mother’s condition in the third trimester is experiencing swelling where the body stores and produces fluids during pregnancy so that several parts of the body such as heels, feet and face experience swelling. Pregnant women are encouraged to consume lots of water and raise their legs when resting.
The next thing is the increased sweat experienced by pregnant women in the third trimester. Increased sweating is experienced due to increased body metabolism in pregnant women. Even some other changes such as changes in skin color and changes in hair and nails occur due to hormonal changes. After delivery it will return to normal so that the mother does not need to worry.
Mother and Fetal Care in the Third Trimester
As described above, the mother and fetus experience changes in the third trimester. Changes in the fetus are related to the process of growing and developing more perfect while in pregnant women associated with physical changes and mental preparation before the day of delivery.
So it is important for pregnant women who are entering their third trimester to carry out pregnancy care. The following are some of the treatments that can be done for mother and fetus in the third trimester:
1. Drinking water and high fiber foods
Entering the third trimester of pregnancy, pregnant women are often faced with digestive problems such as constipation. The increase in the hormone progesterone will cause muscle relaxation so that the intestines in pregnant women are less efficient. In addition, the size of the uterus is getting bigger and pressing on the stomach which causes pregnant women in the third trimester to experience constipation. This condition can be prevented by drinking enough water every day, drinking 6-8 glasses per day. Apart from that, pregnant is also highly recommended to consume foods that are high in fiber such as fruits and vegetables. ( Read: Benefits of Water for Pregnancy )
2. Light exercise
The condition of a pregnancy that is getting bigger often results in a complaint of swelling, although it is very common when venous circulation and increased venous pressure are impaired. The disturbance is caused by the enlarging uterine pressure.
Pregnant women are advised to do light exercise so that it can improve blood circulation. Mild exercise can be a leisurely walk in the morning or doing light movements to relax the body before resting. The mother can use the side position when lying down, using a support or a corset so that the pelvic veins loosen. In addition, avoid wearing tight clothes.
3. Avoid foods that contain gas
Heart burns and bloating often occur in pregnant women. The condition of heartburn or a burning sensation in the stomach occurs when the gastric acid content of the lower esophageal pasa returns, causing a burning feeling in the esophagus.
Meanwhile, flatulence can occur when pregnant women enter the second trimester and experience the third peak of the third trimester. This condition is caused due to increased progesterone in smooth muscle relaxation and uterine compression of the large intestine.
The way you can do this is to avoid foods that contain gas. Foods that contain gas such as tape, durian and others will aggravate bloating and heartburn. Also avoid foods that are fatty and contain lots of sharp spices, as well as fried foods.
4. Husband’s Touch To Overcome Complaints
The care of mother and fetus that is often forgotten is the husband’s touch. Did you know that your husband’s touch can reduce complaints? Pregnant women often experience complaints such as headaches, stiffness, difficulty sleeping and anxiety. With the role of the husband who is always listening, accompanying, pregnant women a
re expected to get enthusiasm and a sense of security until the delivery takes place. Touches given by the husband can be in the form of caresses, gentle massage and hugs that soothe pregnant women. The touch given by the husband in addition to having a positive effect on the mother will also provide benefits for the fetus. The fetus can record and feel, let alone enter the third trimester of pregnancy. This is what will make the fetus develop optimally.