In addition, the first trimester is an important period because the growth of organs begins when the fetus develops. Furthermore, organs and organ systems will be formed perfectly. During this critical period of fetal growth, the mother will be faced with physical and hormonal changes in the first trimester. The mother will experience discomfort so often feel dizzy, emotional disturbances and also nausea. In this condition, it is important for the mother to make adjustments and take care of her health during pregnancy.
The first trimester as mentioned in the previous paragraph is very important for fetal growth. The fetus will be formed with perfect organs and organ systems in the first trimester. In addition, in the first trimester, the baby’s nervous system, heart, and brain develop rapidly. Pregnant women should also be careful because they are prone to miscarriage in the first trimester. So that pregnant women must know the best way so that they are able to care for the fetus in the first trimester.
In this article, my bid team will bring up the theme regarding pregnancy care which of course includes the health care of mother and fetus. Pregnant women must be able to maintain good health to support the growth and development of their children.
Complaints in the First Trimester
Maternal and fetal care in the first trimester are associated with the complaints commonly felt in the first trimester. The following is complaints of pregnancy which is often felt by mothers in the first trimester:
1. Mother is bleeding
Mothers who experience bleeding in the first trimseter must be careful, it could be a sign that your pregnancy is in trouble. Even though the bleeding you are experiencing is light, it would be a good idea to have a pregnancy checkup. You can immediately consult a doctor so that you get special treatment.
2. Excessive nausea and vomiting
A lot of complaints experienced by pregnant women. The cause is the beta HCG hormone in the blood. Even so, pregnant women who experience excessive nausea and vomiting should immediately consult a doctor. This condition is feared to interfere with the nutrition needed by the fetus.
3. High fever
Pregnant women have a body temperature that is higher than normal conditions, but if the body temperature of pregnant women has reached 38 degrees Celsius or more, this is the condition of the mother having a fever. It is very important to take precautions to reduce the risk of the fetus being infected, therefore it is important to have a doctor’s examination.
Pregnant women often have difficulty sleeping in the early first trimester. Changes in sleep patterns are often experienced by pregnant women so that when the pregnant women feel tired and sleepy in the morning. Pregnant women lose the enthusiasm to do their usual activities. Even so, pregnant women can arrange rest patterns to maintain health.
Condition of Mother and Fetus in the First Trimester
In the first trimester, the mother experiences fertilization, which is about two weeks after menstruation. The mother releases an egg and is fertilized. Egg cells have chromosomes that determine hair color, height and sex. The fertilized egg will divide and descend into the uterus.
At 7 days after conception, the fertilized egg will stick to the wall and develop to divide. Then the placenta and placenta are formed to deliver oxygen and nutrients to the fetus. The fetus can only be known after two weeks, when the mother is fertilized. The embryo already has a spine and then consists of three layers that will form the baby’s organs.
Furthermore, in the second month of pregnancy the embryo grows rapidly. At the end of the second month the baby’s important organs have grown and then at the end of the second month of pregnancy, the baby is 2.5 cm long.
In the third month the fetus will move its hands and feet. Even the fetus can open and close its mouth. Although the movements are too subtle they can be seen on ultrasound examination. The baby starts to grow to a size of 10 cm and weighs 100 grams.
The condition of pregnant women in the first trimester is seen in enlarged breasts. Breast milk production is prepared after conception. While the shape of the stomach is not very visible, it will only be seen when the mother enters the fourth month of pregnancy.
First Trimester Maternal and Fetal Pregnancy Care
After knowing the development of the fetus and pregnant women during the first trimester then you also know that during the first trimester pregnant women experience many changes. Both physical, hormonal and emotional changes, it is better for pregnant women to maintain their pregnancy by taking care of their pregnancy in the first trimester.
The following are treatments that pregnant women can do in the first trimester:
1. Avoid Foods Containing Mercury
In the first trimester of pregnancy you should watch out for seafood that contains mercury. We recommend that you choose sea fish such as salmon because it is safe and has many benefits for pregnant women in the first trimester. The content of marine fish contaminated with mercury will cause defects in the fetus.
2. Half cooked food
In early pregnancy avoid undercooked processed foods. This is a precaution taken to avoid Toxoplasma infection. Toxoplasma infection will threaten the placenta and harm the fetus. Some foods such as sushi and undercooked eggs should be avoided in the first trimester.
3. Cigarettes and alcohol
Not only active smokers but pregnant women who inhale secondhand smoke as passive smokers will harm the fetus. So you should avoid environments exposed to cigarette smoke. Carbon monoxide will flow through the blood in the fetus, causing the baby to be born prematurely and have low body weight. Meanwhile, alcohol or food containing rum is very harmful to pregnant women, especially to the health of the fetus. Chemical content that will disturb fetal growth and development.
4. Perform routine checks
Pregnant women should have regular checkups with an obstetrician or midwife to find out about the progress of pregnancy. In addition, some abnormal developments can be detected and consulted with a doctor if found in the first trimester of pregnancy. With routine checks, pregnant women can also consult complaints experienced in the first trimester of pregnancy. Especially for pregnant women who are pregnant for the first time, they should get more information about pregnancy.
5. Avoid activities that are too strenuous
In early pregnancy, the mother should not be too tired, especially if you have a history of anemia. Even so, you must maintain physical health and do light exercise to maintain fitness. Mothers can take pregnancy exercise classes so that they can follow the procedure and do not harm the fetus. Avoid doing dangerous movements such as stomping, jumping and jumping because early pregnancy is prone to miscarriage.