Pregnancy planning is important. One of them is by doing a health check to find out the mother’s condition. TORCH-related tests can be carried out so that the mother and fetus are protected from diseases caused by this viral infection.
TORCH disease associated with infections caused by viruses. TORCH stands for Toxoplasmosis, Other Infection, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus and also Herpes Simplex Virus. TORCH virus infection will endanger the health of the mother and fetus during pregnancy. Mothers should know the knowledge and insights that will help to reduce the negative effects of TORCH disease.
In this article, we will discuss about TORCH which will affect the health of mother and fetus. Each virus has different causes, transmissions and consequences. So that by increasing the knowledge of pregnant women will alert and avoid dangerous TORCH.
Causes of Torch in Pregnant Women
One of the acronyms for TORCH is toxoplasmosis, which is a disease related to pets, namely cats and dogs. The cause of toxoplasmosis is the parasite Toxoplasma gondii which is found in cats and dogs.
Next up is Rubella, a disease also known as German measles. This virus is easily spread from sufferers to other people through the air. If a person is infected with rubella, it will cause a rash on the body, fever, muscle pain, and also an infection that causes enlarged lymph nodes.
As for Cytimegalovirus or known as CMV, it is caused by the cytomegalo virus which can attack women before pregnancy or pregnancy is in progress. The difference in timing of infection is what causes the level of infection that is severe or mild in pregnant women.
Likewise with herpes simplex type 2. Herpes that is dangerous for pregnant women is herpes simplex type 2 because it attacks the genitals of the mother, this will make the baby more susceptible to herpes when using the birth canal (normal delivery). As for the signs of a mother who has a herpes infection, vaginal discharge will appear and spots appear on the mother’s genitals.
In toxoplasmosis transmission can be from dogs or cats. The feces of the two pets eventually become a medium for transmitting toxoplasmosis to humans. In addition to other animal waste is through cockroaches, insects and also flies that stick to uncooked food or vegetables. Even some meats that are undercooked will become a medium for spreading the toxoplasmosis virus.
Rubella is a transmission medium through inhalation, sweat, saliva and blood. So it is important for pregnant women to maintain a relationship with friends who have rubella. Meanwhile, herpes is spread through direct contact with sufferers, especially if the partner is infected, it will be easier to attack because it can be through husband and wife relationship and saliva.
Signs of Pregnancy Affected by TORCH
Pregnancy examination is important to do to reduce infection caused by TORCH. How also happens to pregnant women who are exposed to TORCH? If the mother’s body is exposed to the virus, it will be responded to through the immune system. Impaired immunity will cause disturbances to the mother and fetus.
The mother’s body that is exposed to toxoplasma gondii will respond to the mother’s immune system to form immunoglobulins which will continue to immune immunoglobulin (IgG), which does not endanger pregnancy because protein is not a germ.
If a pregnant woman’s blood test shows the presence of IgG, there is no need to worry, whereas if a positive Toxoplasma IgM is found, further tests need to be done. Further examination to determine for sure the infection that is being experienced by pregnant women.
With proper examination, it will cause pregnant women to avoid the negative influence of viruses that attack the body during pregnancy. The problems experienced by pregnant women are generally only the flu or sometimes without symptoms. It’s just that it will have a big effect on the fetus, so important precautions are taken before the mother becomes pregnant.
Pre-pregnancy checks are carried out before the mother plans a pregnancy to determine the mother’s condition. If there are viruses and bacteria that will trigger TORCH, the doctor will suggest treating and even delaying pregnancy so that the mother is completely cured of a viral infection.
In addition to pregnancy checkups, the consumption of nutritious foods before planning pregnancy and during pregnancy is also carried out. If you have adequate nutrition, it will increase the immunity of pregnant women so that they can fight TORCH which will endanger the health of the mother and the fetus.
The food consumed must be cooked food. Avoid undercooked or raw foods during pregnancy because viruses and bacteria will trigger infection in the body. Apart from the cooking process, you must pay attention to the cleanliness of the selected food ingredients.
The most important thing that pregnant women do is maintain direct contact with people with TORCH. Viruses can easily attack especially if the mother has a weak immune system. This will affect the fetus and inhibit its development and growth.
Pregnancy and TORCH
Pregnant women who are infected will easily be transmitted through the placenta and cause problems in the fetus in the form of fetal defects, spontaneous miscarriage, vision problems. In mothers infected with toxoplasma it will result in spontaneous abortion and death at birth or the baby has congenital toxoplasmosis. In the case of babies who have congenital toxoplasmosis it will cause problems as adults.
Meanwhile, pregnant women who experience rubella in the first trimester of pregnancy will cause the fetus to have a higher risk of blindness, deafness and heart defects. If the mother is infected in the first month, the risk of abnormalities is 50%. Every pregnant woman who is infected with rubella will experience different symptoms because it is determined by the gestational age of the infection.
In pregnant women who are infected, the fetus in the womb will be easily attacked. Laboratory tests are very important to do to find out whether the mother was attacked for the first time or had been attacked and recurred during pregnancy. Pregnant women who are attacked for the first time will interfere with their immunity and have a negative effect on fetal development.
The last dangerous infection from TORCH is herpes. Herpes can spread through the sensory nerves and settle in the nervous system. The fetus is susceptible to the herpes virus which is transmitted directly by the mother. Generally, transmission occurs when a baby is born through normal delivery (birth canal) who is infected with TORCH.
Thus for pregnant women who are attacked by TORCH, amniotic fluid tests can be done to find out how much the infection affects the fetus. Even so, prevention is the best way that can be done before pregnancy, namely by carrying out a series of health tests, one of which is the TORCH test so that it does not endanger the health of the fetus.