Infectious diseases that often attack children cannot be avoided, you can take precautions and also treat them if the child has an infectious disease. In this article, there are several infectious diseases that are often experienced by your child.
The following are some of the infectious diseases that often attack children:
This disease is mild but will interfere with your child’s activities even for a long time. Salesma is a disease that most easily affects children and is easily spread among playmates or adults around them. Salesma has typical symptoms including fever, coughing, runny nose and experiencing headaches. Increasing the child’s immune system with a balanced diet, meeting the needs of body fluids will speed up your child’s recovery from colds.
2. Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF)
Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is transmitted by mosquitoes. If a mosquito bites in the school environment, it will easily spread to friends at school. This is because the mosquito carrying dengue fever does not only bite once on the first sufferer. Dengue hemorrhagic fever affects many children. There are 4 phases of the condition of children who have dengue hemorrhagic fever, namely the first phase (fever accompanied by atypical symptoms) while in the second phase (fever accompanied by bleeding such as spots on the skin, nosebleeds or bleeding from the mouth). phase 3 (the child has failed circulation so that the pulse is faster) and in phase 4 (experiencing severe shock).
3. Chicken Pox
This disease is characterized by red spots in the form of small boils that can appear on the body or on the face. The condition of a child with fever is due to contracting a virus, this disease can be transmitted through the air when the patient sneezes or the clothes are used. In children who have smallpox it usually only occurs once in their life. Chickenpox will last one week to two weeks if it feels itchy and scratching will leave a mark.
4. Typhus or Typhoid
If a child has a high fever for more than three days, you should immediately get a health check. One of the health checks is to prevent typhus or typhoid. If it gets worse it is feared that it will become a serious complication, namely the fear of experiencing perforation in the intestine and experiencing brain disorders. This typhus is very easy to spread because it can easily be caught from unsanitary food.
One that often attacks children is the flu. The flu virus is very vulnerable to attacking children. Symptoms include fever, body aches and abdominal pain. Now there is the development of a flu virus that harms children, one of which is the Singapore flu caused by coxsackie A16. The dry season is very easy to spread, besides that it is also easy to attack children up to 10 years of age.
The next contagious disease is worms caused by dirty hands caused by hookworms that can enter the body. This does not mean that you limit children’s exploration, but take precautions, namely that the child’s hands are always clean when eating or drinking, as well as when touching the mouth and nose.