What is an embolism
Embolism is no stranger to medical terms, embolism which comes from Greek which means embolus in the term means a plug, while according to the meaning of embolism is obstruction of blood vessels by insoluble material which can be caused by gas, bacteria, parasites, fat or cancer cells. Embolism does not only occur in mothers after childbirth, but embolism can also occur to anyone under certain conditions, which causes oxygen to be blocked so that the body’s systems stop. Embolism itself has several different effects according to the occurrence of the embolism. One example of an embolism that occurs in the heart which results in an abnormal working condition where the heart vibrates and causes the blood vessels to the neck so that blood transportation to the brain is blocked within a few minutes which will result in the oxygen supply being stopped, this condition will result in an embolic stroke.
Threatening amniotic embolism post delivery
Before recognizing the occurrence of amniotic embolism in mothers after childbirth, one of the embolism that may occur after childbirth is Air embolism where air enters the mother’s vessels after childbirth, resulting in bubbles. The bubbles that occur will block the supply of oxygen in the body. Meanwhile, amniotic embolism is where the amniotic fluid enters the blood vessels which results in obstructed blood circulation resulting in respiratory failure, heart failure and even bleeding.
The chances of surviving a victim who has an embolism are very slim, even less than 10% of surviving. Meanwhile, 70% of survivors have health problems, especially nervous disorders. Amniotic fluid embolism occurs when amino fluids can enter through the uterus or placental duct into the blood circulation when the fluid enters and reaches the blood vessels the reaction will depend on the location of the obstruction. When the channel leads to the heart it will cause heart failure as well as if there is a channel leading to it. lung tract which will result in respiratory failure.
The occurrence of a threatening amniotic fluid embolism
Amniotic fluid embolism can occur when mucus fluids or flattened cells enter the mother’s body after childbirth. Embolic reactions can occur no later than 48 hours after delivery and at least 30 minutes after birth. Basically, these reactions arise based on inflammation or injury caused by circulatory obstruction, when inflammation is greater, the reaction is faster. The risk of death in mothers who experience amniotic fluid embolism is almost 80% due to fatal effects caused by foreign objects entering and disrupting the blood circulation system in the lungs and heart. Amniotic fluid embolism cannot be handled properly because there is no specific treatment.
Basically, embolism cannot be predicted when it will appear, even though it is normal, even though the risk is still possible, it turns out that embolism can be prevented by diagnosing a disease that can trigger an embolism. Although the type of embolism differs according to the area where there may be obstacles, prevention can be done to minimize the risk. For example, in amniotic fluid embolism that can occur even in developed countries, antenatal examinations (scheduled, planned in the form of observation, education and medical treatment) in pregnant women are one way to determine the possible risk of amniotic fluid embolism.