Hepatitis in children can be fatal because it will interfere with organ function. However, prevention can be done so as to reduce the risk of hepatitis A in children. This time, through the article on caution against hepatitis A in children, the definition of hepatitis A in children will be explained, the symptoms and causes of hepatitis A in children and the prevention and treatment of hepatitis A.
Definition of Hepatitis A in children
Hepatitis is a disease caused by a virus which is spread by feces or feces through food (fecal-oral) not through interaction activities or through blood. Hepatitis A virus is a type of virus that is very easy to attack children. The most common spread in children is through food and drink contaminated with the hepatitis A virus.
Hepatitis A is an acute disease that does not experience continuity in the sufferer. In general, the child’s immunity can fight the hepatitis A virus, but if the body’s defenses are weak and the attacking virus is stronger, it is feared that it will cause fulminant hepatitis (very severe hepatitis) with symptoms of a child’s skin color turning yellow, experiencing the child’s consciousness decreasing and causing seizures. .
Symptoms of Hepatitis A in children
Hepatitis A is not a dangerous disease if the immunity in the child’s body can fight the attacking virus, but if the child has decreased immunity it will endanger the child’s condition.
The symptoms experienced by a child suffering from hepatitis A are fever accompanied by the child’s body becoming weak, experiencing dizziness and even nausea and vomiting. The hepatitis A virus is spread through food and drink infected with the virus, causing children to experience upper right abdominal pain and even the color of urine is like tea water. Children will experience uncomfortable conditions that result in a lack of appetite. A common symptom condition in children is when the child’s skin is yellow.
The symptoms experienced by a child suffering from hepatitis A are not a symptom of the disease but rather the child’s immune response which works well when fighting viruses in the liver cells. Whereas in children under 5 years of age, this condition is somewhat vague because the body’s immunity is not yet perfect so that the symptoms are not so obvious.
Causes of Hepatitis A in children
The cause of hepatitis A is the hepatitis A virus (VHA). This virus is transmitted through food and drink contaminated with the Hepatitis A Virus. Environmental hygiene is a powerful way to reduce the prevention and spread of the hepatitis A virus.
Most of those infected with the hepatitis A virus are children, especially if the children often eat and drink carelessly. Food and drinks infected with the hepatitis A virus are the main source of the spread of hepatitis A. Infection will last for 2-6 weeks after exposure to the hepatitis A virus.
Apart from food and drinks contaminated with the hepatitis A virus, it is no less important to pay attention to the surrounding environment related to sanitation. Hepatitis A virus is included in the hepatovirus genus where it can spread through the feces of patients. Poor environment related to sanitation which will encourage the spread of the virus.
Prevention of hepatitis A in children
Although hepatitis A rarely causes permanent damage to the patient’s liver, to speed up healing, tests should be carried out to strengthen the child’s immune system.
The following are some preventive ways that can be done in children to avoid hepatitis A virus infection:
1. Maintain environmental sanitation
The spread of the hepatitis A virus can be through the patient’s feces. If there is constrained sanitation in the environment of a child suffering from hepatitis A, it will cause a wider spread to other children.
2. Familiarize children with carrying supplies
Bringing your own food and drink supplies will reduce the occurrence of infections caused by food and drinks that contain the hepatitis A virus. Try not to eat snacks arbitrarily because the main cause of spreading the hepatitis A virus is food and drinks infected with the virus.
3. Food processing
Processing good and correct food and maintaining cleanliness in the cooking process is the best way to maintain cleanliness, including maintaining children’s health from hepatitis A virus infection.
4. Provide Hepatitis A Vaccination
Your child who is 2 years old is given the hepatitis A vaccine. Repeat 6 months to 12 months from the first vaccine administration. This is to make the body’s defenses so that it is given twice to the child.
5. Make a habit of washing hands
The habit of washing hands is a habit that is very easy but is often overlooked. Objects touched by children have the potential to spread viruses and bacteria, so it is important to wash hands to reduce the spread of viruses and bacteria. Also try not to use a toothbrush, towel and nail clippers together. Each of these cleaning equipment must be owned to maintain health and hygiene as personal protection.
Hepatitis A treatment in children
Prevention of hepatitis A is done by maintaining cleanliness from within the child and also paying attention to environmental hygiene and sanitation. Meanwhile, children who suffer from hepatitis A can be given treatment.
Treatment of children suffering from hepatitis A
Can heal by itself (self limiting disease) without affecting the liver cells. However, for chronic development, the occurrence of complications characterized by recurrent jaundice that takes a long time to heal.
You can take your child to the doctor if the child’s eyes turn yellow or the urine turns dark. By administering symptomatic drugs, namely drugs that will relieve the symptoms of the disease. So that the child’s immune system is helped to fight the hepatitis A virus. In severe disease, observation is done, this is to take precautions so that when the child has recovered, it will not recur for a longer time.
Beware of Hepatitis A in children
Thus, it is important for you to prevent the spread of hepatitis A to children by paying attention to hygienic food and drinks and also a clean environment and avoid poor sanitation to reduce the risk of spreading the hepatitis virus to children. Children under five years of age are more susceptible to hepatitis A even without symptoms. Some children can fight against the hepatitis A virus (self-limiting disease) and some need to increase their body’
s immunity. A doctor’s examination can help relieve a child suffering from hepatitis A, give the medicine according to the doctor’s prescription.