Those of you who are planning to become pregnant are encouraged to do a TORCH examination. TORCH examination is to determine the health condition of pregnant women and avoid Toxoplasma, Rubella, then Cytomegalovirus and also Hepatitis B. The disease will endanger the health of the mother and fetus. Of the TORCH examinations carried out, this time through an article my team will share information about Cytomegalovirus which is dangerous to pregnancy. What are the dangers that will be caused by cytomegalovirus and what are the solutions for pregnant women who experience Cytomegalovirus infection.
What is Cytomegalovirus
Cytomegalovirus or better known as CMV is a form of virus that resembles the herpes virus. In patients infected with Cytomegalovirus, the symptoms resemble flu and some even experience no symptoms. Blood tests are the right solution to find out if the body is infected with Cytomegalovirus.
Cytomegalovirus infection can spread through the patient’s body fluids, through blood, sperm, saliva, urine and breast milk. The condition of sufferers who are infected with Cytomegalovirus infection will vary. This is due to a different immune system.
Patients infected with Cytomegalovirus can be divided into three types, namely:
- Primary type of CMV is when a person is infected with Cytomegalovirus for the first time
- Recurrent type of CMV is reactivation of dormant Cytomegalovirus infection
- Ongenital type of CMV is an infection that originates from pregnant women infected with Cytomegalovirus
Not only pregnant women can be infected with Cytomegalovirus, but every individual can be infected by the Cytomegalovirus. However, it is dangerous if the Cytomegalovirus virus attacks the fetus because it is in an immature immune condition, causing severe symptoms. The spread of the Cytomegalovirus virus will occur through blood circulation. Infection caused by Cytomegalovirus will systematically attack the organs of the body and increase inflammation, stimulate autoimmunity and even cause infertility.
TORCH examination is an effort to determine Cytomegalovirus infection in the body before the mother plans a pregnancy. Examination carried out through urine microscopy to determine replication, infection and also the release of virus in the urine.
Impact of Cytomegalovirus on Pregnancy
Cytomegalovirus or CMV can affect individuals even before the mother becomes pregnant. The thing that is of concern is that the mother does not have a check-up before planning a pregnancy. One thing that must be considered before planning a pregnancy is to do a TORCH examination. One of them is to find out the Cytomegalovirus infection which affects more pregnant women than school age. (Also read: Signs of Pregnancy )
In accordance with the understanding explained above, CMV can be categorized into three types. Pregnant women infected with Cytomegalovirus fall into the category of primary CMV. Next will develop into congenital CMV. The danger of congenital CMV is that babies born will cause health problems such as enlarged spleens, rashes, jaundice and experiencing low body weight.
In pregnant women who experience CMV is not always transmitted to their babies. Some do not have a negative effect on the mother, although most if pregnant women experience their first CMV infection, the risk of transmission to the baby is much higher than re-infection. You have to watch out for transmission in early pregnancy.
If a pregnant woman is detected as infected with CMV during pregnancy, amniotic fluid will be taken to determine the infected baby. Even the amniotic fluid retrieval test is important if the ultrasound examination is abnormal.
The impact of CMV on pregnancy depends on the gestational age. The impact of the CMV virus will cause the fetus to miscarry, experience disability and even prematurity. This difference causes the fetus to experience differences. Some low body weight, motor development and yellow skin in babies and even some cases can cause enlargement of the liver.
Newborns have immune problems, so they may need treatment depending on how big the viral infection is. Generally using antiviral drugs that can slow down the reproduction of the virus so that it cannot be cured.
Babies of mothers who have CMV infection will look healthy like most other normal babies. Even so, it will show symptoms for a long time and even some that are common in infants infected with CMV are hearing loss and vision problems.
Causes of Cytomegalovirus in Pregnant Women
Cytomegalovirus is closely related to viruses that cause herpes, chicken pox and also mononucleosis. Viruses that enter the body will remain even in an inactive state.
Cytomegalovirus virus is transmitted through blood, saliva, urine, sperm, tears, breast milk and vaginal fluids. Meanwhile, the spread of the virus can occur due to several ways such as touching the eyes, nose or mouth after making contact with an infected person. Then through intimate contact with an infected person. Even through breast milk from infected mothers, it is necessary to be careful if a pregnant woman is infected with Cytomegalovirus because it will affect the fetus through the placenta.
Symptoms of Cytomegalovirus in pregnant women
Some pregnant women do not feel severe symptoms when infected with the Cytomegalovirus virus. Some of them feel like they have the flu. Symptoms of a Cytomegalovirus infection vary. Symptoms can range from severe to mild. Affected by infected organs and the immune system of people with Cytomegalovirus.
Common symptoms of Cytomegalovirus are fever, fatigue and lethargy and even a decrease in the number of white blood cells. If Cytomegalovirus attacks the digestive system, it can cause nausea, vomiting and even diarrhea.
In the condition of pregnant women under 20 weeks of gestation, they will be at risk of experiencing complications in the fetus. Cytomegalovirus will infect the fetus and cause interference with fetal organs. Fetuses infected with Cytomegalovirus are often found to be born prematurely and have low body weight.
Thus, pregnant women who are infected with Cytomegalovirus will have different symptoms and effects on the fetus. Pregnancy examination is needed to find out whether pregnant women have been infected before pregnancy or infected when pregnant women enter pregnancy in the early trimester. If the pregnant woman is infected in the first semester of pregnancy, the negative effect on the fetus is greater. Pregnant women can carry out examinations and consultations with an obstetrician if they are infected with Cytomegalovirus to find out how much it affects the fetus.
The fetus who has Cytomegalovirus infection will experience several possibilities related to organ disorders. Although the organs infected with Cytomegalovirus will not be the same, in general, post-birth examinations related to vision and hearing are very important for babies of mothers infected with Cytomegalovirus. Take precautions before pregnancy by living a healthy life to avoid possible disease during pregnancy and endanger the fetus.