Definition of an undeveloped fetus
To get a picture of an underdeveloped fetus, an example was shown in one case where when carrying out a control to the doctor at 5 weeks of gestation a gestational sac was still formed, while when controlling again the 10 weeks of gestation the doctor stated that the fetus had not developed, marked by a stop of heart rate fetus. Thus, a fetus that does not experience development means that it does not experience growth in accordance with its normal pregnancy. An undeveloped fetus can be detected early in pregnancy, usually before the third month of gestation.
How to Detect an Undeveloped Fetus
An undeveloped fetus can only be detected when you perform an examination using tools Ultrasound or ultrasound. So it is highly recommended to do an ultrasound examination in the first trimester of pregnancy to avoid the risk of undetecting an undeveloped fetus. In some cases, it is not uncommon to find a fetus that does not develop until the age of four or five months.
Types of Undeveloped Fetus
An undeveloped fetus can be detected by the following two types:
- The invisible fetus. An undeveloped fetus is often associated with blighted ovum. Blighted ovum or empty bag, that is, it does not appear to be a fetus so that it only looks like an empty uterus In the case of an undeveloped fetus it may be depicted as black with fluid filled with no shadow at all of the presence of the fetus.
- There is a shadow of the fetal candidate. Second, is a picture of a flat and small in the uterus. Basically known as underdevelopment if the diameter and length of the fetus does not match the gestational age. So if the gestational age does not experience an increase or the increase is not in accordance with the gestational age, it is declared that the pregnancy has not experienced development.
Recognize the Causes of an Undeveloped Baby
Recognize the causes of an underdeveloped fetus so that you can be alert to reduce the risk, here are the various causes for an underdeveloped fetus:
- Genetic. The main source of an undeveloped fetus is genetic factors. Although it is not a hereditary factor related to family history, it is a factor in the sperm or egg that is not good so that the development is not prime. This can lead to blighted ovum (empty pregnancy) which can occur repeatedly. So it is important to pay attention to the quantity and quality of sperm and egg cells. The causes of the quality of the egg and the quality of the sperm can vary. It is not certain whether it is the influence of infection or other effects. These disorders can occur since birth, making it difficult to prevent them.
- Torch infection. An undeveloped fetus can also be caused by infection by microorganisms such as Cito Megalo Virus (CMV), Rubella or Toxoplasma and even herpes simplex I and simplex II which can attack immunity in the body. So it is important for those of you who are planning to get pregnant to do an examination so that the mother’s condition improves. Meanwhile, if the pregnant woman is known to have an infection while pregnant, therapy will be carried out during pregnancy. In its treatment, you can consume drugs according to a doctor’s prescription or by doing therapy.
- ACA (Anticardiolipin) or Clotting. The existence of clotting factors or blockage of blood vessels which will cause fetal growth to stop so that the clotting factors will result in the fetus not developing. The cause of this anticardiolipin or ACA depends on the immune system in the body. In some cases of ACA sufferers, for example in a family with two children where the first child has ACA, the second child or the next does not mean that they will have high ACA. In the case of ACA, where pregnancy is considered the enemy so that blood vessels will form and this clot will block the area directed at the fetus. So that the fetus does not directly get the supply of food, drink and oxygen. If ACA is found, then therapy must be immediately carried out by giving drugs that provide anti-clotting so that it can return to normal. Meanwhile, if it has been conditioned to return to normal, it must be closely monitored and also treated until before delivery.
Characteristics of a Undeveloped Fetus
In an undeveloped fetus it can be identified with the following characteristics:
- Do not feel any fetal movement. Although an undeveloped fetus often occurs in pregnancy in the first trimester, it does not rule out the possibility of occurring in the second and third trimester of pregnancy. You can see the signs by feeling the fetal pressure that is lost during this gestational age. It is important to carry out regular checks especially using an ultrasound device.
- Missing Morning Sickness. In an undeveloped fetus you can feel its characteristics by no longer experiencing nausea and vomiting during your first pregnancy. Even so, often pregnant women do not experience nausea and vomiting during pregnancy, then how to distinguish them. The only way is to use an ultrasound device in the first pregnancy to determine the health of the fetus.
- The appearance of spots or blood. Failure to live can also be indicated by the discharge of blood or blood spots, which can lead to miscarriage. However, you must be able to distinguish the blood that comes out because the fetus has a problem or is due to a normal pregnancy. So that the discharge of blood only spots and stops within 24 hours does not trigger fetal problems, whereas if there is more blood, it must be immediately taken to the doctor.
Can the Undeveloped Fetus Be Maintained?
The undeveloped fetus can no longer be sustained and so medical treatment is required. One of them is by doing a curette, but in some cases the pregnancy in the unseen fetus will be left until the gestational age of 8 weeks so that if it is still not visible or is categorized as an empty pregnancy then it must be treated immediately. Thus for those who are planning a pregnancy, do your pre-pregnancy checks which aim to provide immunity to your body to support fetal development and growth. Meanwhile, for those of you who have had a case history of a fetus not developing in a previous pregnancy, do therapy and consult a doctor so that it does not cause a similar incident in your next pregnancy.